Published on March 14, 2014
Food Security in World of Changing Climate and Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies Panel Presentation: Getting Technologies to Farmers Fixing Regulatory Systems for Agricultural Technologies Judith Chambers, Ph.D. Director – Program for Biosafety Systems Newseum Conference Center February 12, 2014
Factors Influencing Farmer Access • Market systems and forces • Infrastructure • Institutional factors (i.e. extension, public vs. private sector) • Intellectual property rights • Regulatory/Biosafety Policies
Conventionally Bred Varieties Introduced with Minimal “Safety Review” • Evaluated for efficacy/performance to assess the desired trait or traits that was the objective of the breeding event • New variety not evaluated from a safety perspective as it is “assumed” to pose no additional health or environmental risk since the genetics are manipulated within the species
Crop Protection Products Evaluation of crop protection chemicals for environmental and human/animal health safety • recognized part of the product development cycle • costs and time for evaluating the toxicological profile of these chemicals are factored in to the overall product development cost and cycle
GM Crop Varieties Regulatory factors have been a rate limiting step in introduction and farmer access despite: • Nearly 2 decades of safe use • FASTEST ADOPTED AG TECHNOLOGY IN HISTORY Biotech crop hectares increased 1000 fold from 1.7 M (1996) to 170 M (2012) (ISAAA, 2013)
$$$$ TIME NEW SKILLS UNIQUE CHALLENGES FOR GM CROPS REGULATORY IPR OUTREACH STEWARDSHIP
General Product Development Cycle Slide Courtesy of Donna Ramaeker-Zahn 1 – 3 years 1 – 3 years 1 – 3 years Product Concept Discovery Early Product Testing & Development Integration & Product Selection Product Ramp Up Market Introduction Post Market Activities 1 2 3 4 5 6 CFTs Stakeholder Engagement Intensity
Biotech Crop Countries and Mega-Countries, 2012
Impact: India emerged as 2nd largest exporter of cotton Source: Cotton Advisory Board 2009
India: Bt Cotton contributed to doubling of yields in 5 years Source: Cotton Advisory Board
Page 11 Impact at the Farm Level: Average effects of Bt cotton vs non-Bt in India Yield Increase 39%* Reduction in insecticide sprays 33%* Profit Increase/ha 70.9%* * Significantly different from zero at 5% level Source: Gruere, Mehta-Bhatt and Sengupta 2008 Based on peer-reviewed published studies
Current Status in India GM Moratorium No additional products approved
CONTROVERSY AND NON-SCIENCE ISSUES HAVE IMPACTED REGULATORY PROCESS FOR GM TECHNOLOGIES • Trade competition and retaliation • First generation products without direct consumer benefit • Technological disparity • Science literacy • Religious and cultural concerns • Food system control, consumer right to know • Cartagena Protocol – expanded scope; de facto regulatory system RESULT TRADE DISRUPTIONS, MARKET REJECTION, REGULATORY IMPACT AND DELAY !!!!
Regulatory Delays and Inefficiencies – A “Chilling” Effect in Africa
• Despite growing technical capacity and products in development (often from public/private partnerships) – uneven progress • Stuck on the CFT treadmill—still no commercial products after nearly 15- 20 years of biosafety work • Regulatory system-- Expensive; time consuming; unpredictable (subject to political “whimsy”) Often heavily focused on risk; doesn’t reflect global experience and evolving science Lack of product experience to test system Problematic provisions (liability, socio-economics) -- a disincentive to technological progress Inter-ministerial turf Lack of capacity and resources Lack of access to accurate information esp. for the political process Lack of political will to move forward Biosafety Issues and Impacts on Adoption In Developing Countries
Focus of Biosafety Capacity Building • Start from a perspective of Goals/Objective and Strategy • Legal framework development and adopted policy • Regulations • Theory and practical training – workshops, study tours, one on one advisory services • Practical experience – dossier reviews, field tests, de- regulation, monitoring, inspections • Reconciliation with other laws • Communications and outreach • Understanding of political process • Broad ministry focus – Agr, Env, S&T, Health, Trade, Judicial
Remedies for Ineffective Regulatory Systems • Integrated approach – technical, legal, communications, research • Capacity building • Strategy and innovative problem solving • Relationship building • Patience; long term engagement • Policy voice from broad-based stakeholder groups and coalitions • Involvement of women • Harmonization • Reposition or redefine international/regional regulatory frameworks (Cartagena Protocol, AU Model Law)
View 3519 Regulatory Systems posts, presentations, experts, ... regulatory authorities and law enforcement agencies in carrying out their responsibilities.
11 am - Getting Technologies to Farmers. ... Program for Biosafety Systems. Fixing Regulatory Systems for Agricultural Technologies ...
... Role of Agricultural Technologies, during a global agricultural summit hosted ... World Farmers Organization ; 10:45 ... 11 am - Getting Technologies ...
The Role of Agricultural Technologies ... 11:00-12:00 hrs Getting Technologies to Farmers ... for Biosafety Systems. Fixing Regulatory Systems for ...
11 am - Getting Technologies to Farmers. ... Fixing Regulatory Systems for Agricultural Technologies ... CropLife International launched its first ...
Getting Technologies to Farmers -- Fixing Regulatory Systems for Agricultural... Physical Education. Communities. Related Books View all. The Remarkable ...
How to Organize and Run a Successful Farmers' Market ... Energy and Environmental Affairs. ... Getting in touch with agricultural groups and advertising ...
... according to the review of global and national agricultural information systems ... farmers getting ... and communication technologies ...