Gerunds and Infinitives

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Information about Gerunds and Infinitives
Education

Published on February 27, 2014

Author: chpinda

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A brief description on the differences and usage of Gerunds and Infinitives

Gerunds and Infinitives: Their Noun Roles DE LA PÁGINA http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/gramma r/gerunds.htm

Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects.

Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge).

Gerunds and infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence: a. Playing basketball takes up too much of her time. b. To play basketball for UConn is her favourite fantasy. 

It is not impossible for an infinitive to appear at the beginning of a sentence as the subject (as in 1b), but it is more common for an infinitive to appear as a Subject Complement: a. Her favorite fantasy is to play basketball for UConn.  The gerund can also play this role: b. Her favorite fantasy is playing basketball for UConn. 

Both of these verbal forms can further identify a noun when they play the role of Noun Complement and Appositive: a. Her desire to play basketball for UConn became an obsession. b. I could never understand her desire to play basketball for UConn. c. Her one burning desire in life, playing basketball for UConn, seemed a goal within reach. 

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