Published on March 9, 2014
CARIBBEAN ISLANDS (WEST INDIES) PRESENTED BY: EVANGELISTA, JETHRO
LOCATION Relative Location : • The Caribbean is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. • The overall area includes the Caribbean Sea and all of its islands located to the southeast of the Gulf of Mexico, east of Central America and Mexico, and to the north of South America. • The islands are bordered in the east and north by the Atlantic Ocean.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Made up of three island groups: • Greater Antilles • Lesser Antilles • The Bahamas Greater Antilles are made up of : • Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican republic), and Puerto Rico. Lesser Antilles are the other smaller islands
CLIMATES • The Caribbean climate is tropical • Temperatures range between 24°C and 32°C • Trade Winds bring steady sea breezes in to the Caribbean from the northeast year-round. • Hurricanes are a constant feature of most of the Caribbean
COUNTRY (and dependent territory) POPULATION (JULY 1, 2013) AREA (KM) CUBA 11,163,000 105,806 km² HAITI 10,671,000 27,750 km2 DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 9,745,000 48,442 km2 PUERTO RICO (US) 3,641,000 8,896 km² JAMAICA 2,715,000 11,188 km² TRINIDAN AND TOBAGO 1,344,000 5,131 km² GUADELOUPE (France) 409,000 1,628 km² MARTINIQUE 398,000 1,128 km² BAHAMAS 368,000 13,878 km2 BARBADOS 276,000 432 km2 SAINT LUCIA 170,000 617 km2 CURACAO (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 155,000 444 km2 UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS (US) 106,000 346.36 km2 ARUBA (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 105,000 178.91 km2 GRENADA 103,000 344 km2 SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 97,000 389 km2 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 88,000 440 km2
COUNTRY (and dependent territory) POPULATION (JULY 1, 2013) AREA (KM) DOMINICA 71,000 750 km2 CAYMAN ISLANDS (UK) 60,000 264 km2 SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS 55,000 261 km2 SINT MAARTEN (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 41,000 34 km2 SAINT MARTIN (France) 39,000 53.2 km2 TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS (UK) 33,000 616.3 km2 BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS (UK) 32,000 153 km2 CARIBBEAN NETHERLAND (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 23,000 328 km2 AGUILLA (UK) 14,000 91 km2 SAINT BARTHELEMY (France) 10,000 25 km2 MONTSERRAT (UK) 5,000 102 km2
Religion in Caribbean island 0% 15% 0% 1% Catholicism Protestantism Hinduism Islam Judaism Other 25% 59%
Protestantism • These churches all reject the ideas of apostolic succession and papal authority. • Martin Luther • Bible • God Rastafari movement • Way of life • God : Jah – Holy trinity Santería • “Way of the saints” • Head God : Orishas • Subdieties : “Obatala” – Our lady of Mercy Haitian Vodou • “Servant of the spirit” • God : Bondye (bon "good" + dye "God) • Spirit : Loa • Temple : Hounfour
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE • Spanish - (official language of Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico) • French - (official language of Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, St. Barthelemy and St. Martin) • English - (official language of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada,Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands) • Dutch - (official language of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarten) • Haitian Creole - (official language of Haiti along with French) • Papiamento - (a Portuguese and Spanish-based Creole language) (official language of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire)
GOVERNMENT • Republic Democracy • Constitutional Monarchy • Westminster • Communist
MAJOR LANDFORMS Pico Duarte Located on the island of Hispaniola Highest Peak in the Caribbean island. Soufrière Hills volcano Locates on the island of Montserrat Only Active Volcano in the Caribbean
La Grande Soufrière Located in Guadeloupe Highest Mountain in the lower Antilles Morne Diablotins Located in Dominica Highest mountain on Dominica and Second highest in the lower Antilles
Cueva Martin Infierno Located in Cuba This is where the largest Stalagmite in the world is located Blue mountain /Blue mountain Peak Located in Jamaica Longest Mountain Range and mountain Peak in Jamaica
MAJOR WATER FORMS Boiling Lake Located in Dominica Second largest hot lake in the world Carbet Falls Located in Guadeloupe It consist of three cascades or drops
Dean's Blue Hole in Bahamas The deepest blue hole in the world 202 - 203 m deep
Cauto River or Río Cauto located in southeast Cuba It is the longest river of Cuba
MAN MADE LANDMARKS Basílica Catedral Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia Dominican Republic Citadelle Laferrière or Citadelle Henry Christophe Haiti
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park St. Kitts and Nevis Manaca-Iznaga Tower Cuba
NATURAL RESOURCES • Fisheries • Bauxite • Iron • Nickel • Petroleum • Timber
DELICACIES Pates (Patties) Virgin Islands Ropa vieja Cuba
Ackee and saltfish Jamaica Stewed Salt Fish with Dumplings,Spicy Plantains & Breadfruit St Kitts & Nevis
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