Genocide in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Section 5)

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Information about Genocide in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Section 5)

Published on February 28, 2014

Author: Kricheck


Genocide in The DRC: Genocide in The DRC By Cam, Nic, Caleigh and Jack Table of Contents: Table of Contents Overview Causes of Violence Effects on the Population History of the Conflict Rwandan Involvement The Lord’s Resistance Army MONUSCO Violence Statistics Have They Reached Peace? Works Cited Overview : Overview *The civilian population in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has witnessed consecutive civil wars between 1996 and 2003 *Five million lives have been lost since 1996 *Today, most of the fighting is taking place in North and South Kivu, on the DRC/Rwanda border. *Although they are only 19% of the population, children account for 47% of the deaths *Some 45,000 continue to die each Causes of Violence: Causes of Violence *The Democratic Republic of Congo is extremely wealthy - and extremely big. Similar in size to Western Europe, it is rich in diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt and zinc. *The country also has supplies of coltan, which is used in mobile phones and other electronic gadgets, and cassiterite, used in food packaging. *Unfortunately for the people of Congo, its resource wealth has rarely been harnessed for their benefit. *This vast country has hardly any roads or railways, while the health and education systems lie in ruins. *Instead the natural riches have attracted greedy adventurers, big corporations, vicious warlords and corrupt governments, and divided the population between competing ethnic groups. Effects on the Population: Effects on the Population History of the Conflict : History of the Conflict Timeline 1870s - Belgian King Leopold II sets about colonizing the area as his private holding 1908 - Congo Free State placed under Belgian rule following outrage over treatment of Congolese 1960 - Independence, followed by civil war and temporary fragmentation of country 1965 - Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power 1997 - Rebels oust Mobutu. Laurent Kabila becomes president 1997 - 2003 - Civil war, drawing in several neighbouring countries (Africa's first world war) 2003 - 2012 - Conflict persists in the east 2006 - Presidential elections Rwandan Involvement: Rwandan Involvement -Rwanda is being accused by African Leaders of fueling the conflict in Congo by arming Congolese rebels. -Citizens have reported an influx in Rwandan soldier occupation in rebel-controlled areas in recent months. -Alleged incitations due to this assistance have complicated peace efforts among African officials. The Lord’s Resistance Army : The Lord’s Resistance Army The people of eastern DRC also continue to be terrorized by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Since September 2008, over 1,900 Congolese have been killed by LRA activity and more than 344,000 civilians remain displaced in the LRA affected areas. Led by the wanted war criminal Joseph Kony, the LRA has established itself as one of the largest threats to civilians in the DR Congo. In December 2009, the LRA attacked civilian communities in Makombo area of Haut-Uele district massacring more than 321 men and raping many women and children. Around 250 people were kidnapped , 80 of them children. MONUSCO: MONUSCO The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or MONUSCO is a United Nations peacekeeping force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which was established by the United Nations Security Council in resolutions 1999 and 2000 of the United Nations Security Council to monitor the peace process of the Second Congo War. Violence Statistics : Violence Statistics For the past 15 years, Congo has been racked by myriad rebel groups that terrorize civilians , particularly in the east, often to exploit the country’s mineral riches or to flaunt their abusive power. United Nations officials have called Congo the epicenter of rape as a weapon of war. The congo’s population is around 70 million, as many as 1.8 million Congolese women had been raped, with up to 433,785 raped in the one-year period, which would mean almost a rape a minute. The rape problem may be worse than their study suggests. The findings are based on survey results from females of reproductive age, but many reports and witness accounts have shown that armed men often gang-rape young girls — some even toddlers — and women in their 70s and older, in addition to a growing number of men and boys. Also, many rape victims never report being assaulted because of the shame and stigma. In Congo, countless women have been abandoned by their husbands after being raped. Have They Reached Peace?: Have They Reached Peace? The Congolese government has embarked on two national peace and reconciliation programs, the Amani Peace program, which was completed in July 2009, and the Stabilization Program for Eastern DRC (STAREC), which is focused on returning soldiers to their communities, education, training, health, and infrastructure development. The STAREC program was announced in August 2009 by President Joseph Kabila and Reverend Malu Malu was designated chief of the program. Community-based organizations in eastern Congo are bringing together people from different communities and ethnic groups through sports, the arts, media, community associations, conferences and gatherings. Works Cited : Works Cited

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