GE PP 2 Peter Ch One F07

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Published on April 18, 2008

Author: Maria

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2 Peter:  2 Peter Chapter One Outline of 2 Peter Chapter One:  Outline of 2 Peter Chapter One Introduction & Greeting (1:1-2) The Christian’s Privileges (1:3, 4) The Ladder of Faith (1:5-7) Barren & Fruitful Christians (1:8,9) A Worthy Goal (1:10, 11) Truth Will Bear Repetition (1:12-15) Truth Attested by Apostolic Witnesses (1:16-18) Truth Attested by Prophetic Scriptures (1:19-21) Introduction & Greetings 1:1-2:  Introduction & Greetings 1:1-2 2 Peter 1:1-2 Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ: 2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord; NASU Author:  Author FISHERMAN SIMON OLD PETER NEW APOSTLE Slide5:  PETER BONDSERVANT APOSTLE Mt.10:40; Jn.20:21-23 Slide6:  MULTIPLIED 4129 plhqu,nw plethuno {play-thoo'-no} Meaning: 1) to increase, to multiply 1a) to be increased, (be multiplied) multiply 2) to be increased, to multiply Origin: from another form of 4128; TDNT - 6:279,866; v Usage: AV - multiply 11, abound 1; 12 5684 Tense - Aorist (See 5777) Voice - Passive (See 5786) Mood - Optative (See 5793) Count - 5 Geneva Bible Notes: 2Pe 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you (1) through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, (1) Faith is the acknowledging of God and Christ, from which all our blessedness issues and flows. How can grace and peace be multiplied?:  How can grace and peace be multiplied? 2 Peter 1:2 2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord; NASU “By the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ” :  “By the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ” CORRECT AND HOLY LIVING 1 Peter 2:24 24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed. NASU 1 Peter 3:13 13 Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good? NASU 1 Peter 3:14 14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED, NASU Slide9:  CORRECT AND HOLY LIVING 2 Peter 2:5 5 and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; NASU 2 Peter 2:7 7 and if He rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men NASU 2 Peter 2:8 8(for by what he saw and heard that righteous man, while living among them, felt his righteous soul tormented day after day by their lawless deeds), NASU 2 Peter 2:21 21 For it would be better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn away from the holy commandment handed on to them. NASU Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord :  Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord Construction here is calling Jesus God and Lord (Jn.1:1; 20:28; Rm.9:5; 2 Th.1:12; Tit.2:13; Phil.2:6; Heb.1:8; 1 Jn.5:20; Col.2:9) Knowledge of Him (Jn.17:3; Phil.3:8, 10) Peter is writing to people who claimed real knowledge of God and Christ, but continued in immoral behavior. KNOWLEDGE GRACE PEACE HOLINESS The Christian’s Privileges 1:3-4:  The Christian’s Privileges 1:3-4 2 Peter 1:3-4 3 seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence. 4 For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust. NASU Divine Power Has Granted Us:  Divine Power Has Granted Us “Granted” 1433 dwre,omai doreomai {do-reh'-om-ahee} Meaning: 1) to present, bestow Origin: middle voice from 1435; TDNT - 2:166,166; v Usage: AV - give 3; 3 5772 Tense - Perfect (See 5778) Voice - Passive (See 5786) Mood - Participle (See 5796) Count - 463 Slide13:  DIVINE POWER Granted All Things That Pertain to LIFE GODLINESS Slide14:  KNOWLEDGE OF HIM GLORY Lk.5:8 Mt.17 Jn.1:14 VIRTUE See Next Slide 2 Thess 2:13-14 13 But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 14 It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. NASU Called Us By Slide15:  VIRTUE 703 avreth, arete {ar-et'-ay} Meaning: 1) a virtuous course of thought, feeling and action 1a) virtue, moral goodness 2) any particular moral excellence, as modesty, purity Origin: from the same as 730; TDNT - 1:457,77; n f Usage: AV - virtue 4, praise 1; 5 Geneva Bible Notes: 2Pe 1:5 (1) And beside this, giving all diligence, (2) add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; (1) Having laid the foundation (that is, having declared the causes of our salvation and especially of our sanctification) now he begins to exhort us to give our minds wholly to the true use of this grace. He begins with faith, without which nothing can please God, and he warns us to have it fully equipped with virtue (that is to say, with good and godly manners) being joined with the knowledge of God's will, without which, there is neither faith, neither any true virtue. (2) Supply also, and support or aid. The Ladder of Faith Motivation for Adding Christian Graces 1:5-7:  The Ladder of Faith Motivation for Adding Christian Graces 1:5-7 Yea, and for this very cause adding on your part all diligence… What Cause? Grace of God Peace with God Increasing knowledge and awareness of the blessings of God God’s divine power has granted all things pertaining to life and godliness Converted souls are called to this life and godliness by the glory and virtue of Jesus Christ We have been granted precious and magnificent promises Christians are partakers of the divine nature Christians have escaped the corruption in the world by lust In your faith, supply moral excellence:  In your faith, supply moral excellence 03 avreth, arete {ar-et'-ay} Meaning: 1) a virtuous course of thought, feeling and action 1a) virtue, moral goodness 2) any particular moral excellence, as modesty, purity Origin: from the same as 730; TDNT - 1:457,77; n f Usage: AV - virtue 4, praise 1; 5 ASV 2 Peter 1:3 seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue; ASV Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honorable, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. Knowledge:  Knowledge 1108 gnw/sij gnosis {gno'-sis} Meaning: 1) knowledge signifies in general intelligence, understanding 1a) the general knowledge of Christian religion 1b) the deeper more perfect and enlarged knowledge of this religion, such as belongs to the more advanced 1c) esp. of things lawful and unlawful for Christians 1d) moral wisdom, such as is seen in right living ASV Luke 1:77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people In the remission of their sins, ASV Luke 11:52 Woe unto you lawyers! for ye took away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered. SV Romans 1:28 And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting; ASV Romans 10:2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. ASV Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out! ASV 1 Corinthians 1:5 that in everything ye were enriched in him, in all utterance and all knowledge; ASV Ephesians 3:19 and to know the love of Christ which passeth knowledge, that ye may be filled unto all the fulness of God. Self Control:  Self Control 1466 evgkra,teia egkrateia {eng-krat'-i-ah} Meaning: 1) self-control (the virtue of one who masters his desires and passions, esp. his sensual appetites) Origin: from 1468; TDNT - 2:339,196; n f Usage: AV - temperance 4; 4 ASV Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, and self-control, and the judgment to come, Felix was terrified, and answered, Go thy way for this time; and when I have a convenient season, I will call thee unto me. ASV Galatians 5:23 meekness, self-control; against such there is no law. Perseverance:  Perseverance 5281 u`pomonh, hupomone {hoop-om-on-ay'} Meaning: 1) steadfastness, constancy, endurance 1a) in the NT the characteristic of a man who is not swerved from his deliberate purpose and his loyalty to faith and piety by even the greatest trials and sufferings 1b) patiently, and steadfastly 2) a patient, steadfast waiting for 3) a patient enduring, sustaining, perseverance Origin: from 5278; TDNT - 4:581,581; n f Usage: AV - patience 29, enduring 1, patient continuance 1, patient waiting 1; 32 ASV Matthew 18:26 The servant therefore fell down and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. ASV Luke 8:15 And that in the good ground, these are such as in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, hold it fast, and bring forth fruit with patience. ASV Romans 5:3 And not only so, but we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that tribulation worketh stedfastness; ASV Romans 8:25 But if we hope for that which we see not, then do we with patience wait for it. NIV 1 Thessalonians 1:3 We continually remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labor prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ. ASV Hebrews 10:36 For ye have need of patience, that, having done the will of God, ye may receive the promise. ASV James 1:3 Knowing that the proving of your faith worketh patience. ASV James 5:11 Behold, we call them blessed that endured: ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord, how that the Lord is full of pity, and merciful. Godliness:  Godliness 2150 euvse,beia eusebeia {yoo-seb'-i-ah} Meaning: 1) reverence, respect 2) piety towards God, godliness Origin: from 2152; TDNT - 7:175,1010; n f Usage: AV - godliness 14, holiness 1; 15 ASV 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness; He who was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the spirit, Seen of angels, Preached among the nations, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory. ASV 1 Timothy 4:7 but refuse profane and old wives' fables. And exercise thyself unto godliness: ASV 1 Timothy 4:8 for bodily exercise is profitable for a little; but godliness is profitable for all things, having promise of the life which now is, and of that which is to come. ASV 1 Timothy 6:3 If any man teacheth a different doctrine, and consenteth not to sound words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; Godliness, cont:  Godliness, cont ASV 1 Timothy 6:5 wranglings of men corrupted in mind and bereft of the truth, supposing that godliness is a way of gain. ASV 1 Timothy 6:6 But godliness with contentment is great gain: ASV 2 Timothy 3:5 holding a form of godliness, but having denied the power thereof: from these also turn away. ASV Titus 1:1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the knowledge of the truth which is according to godliness, ASV 2 Peter 1:3 seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue; ASV 2 Peter 3:11 Seeing that these things are thus all to be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy living and godliness, Brotherly Kindness:  Brotherly Kindness 5360 filadelfi,a philadelphia {fil-ad-el-fee'-ah} Meaning: 1) love of brothers or sisters, brotherly love 2) in the NT the love which Christians cherish for each other as brethren Origin: from 5361; TDNT - 1:144,22; n f Usage: AV - brotherly love 3, brotherly kindness 2, love of the brethren 1; 6 ASV Ephesians 2:7 that in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus: ASV Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as God's elect, holy and beloved, a heart of compassion, kindness, lowliness, meekness, longsuffering; ASV Titus 3:4 But when the kindness of God our Saviour, and his love toward man, appeared,SV Titus 3:5 not by works done in righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy he saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,ASV Titus 3:6 which he poured out upon us richly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour;SV Titus 3:7 that, being justified by his grace, we might be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Love:  Love 26 avga,ph agape {ag-ah'-pay} Meaning: 1) brotherly love, affection, good will, love, benevolence 2) love feasts Origin: from 25; TDNT - 1:21,5; n f Usage: AV - love 86, charity 27, dear 1, charitably+2596 1, feast of charity 1; 116 ASV 1 Corinthians 8:1 Now concerning things sacrificed to idols: We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but love edifieth. ASV 1 Corinthians 13:1 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am become sounding brass, or a clanging cymbal. SV Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as God's elect, holy and beloved, a heart of compassion, kindness, lowliness, meekness, longsuffering;ASV Colossians 3:13 forbearing one another, and forgiving each other, if any man have a complaint against any; even as the Lord forgave you, so also do ye:ASV Love, cont:  Love, cont Colossians 3:14 and above all these things put on love, which is the bond of perfectness. ASV 2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to give thanks to God always to you, brethren, even as it is meet, for that your faith growth exceedingly, and the love of each one of you all toward one another aboundeth; ASV 1 Timothy 1:5 But the end of the charge is love out of a pure heart and a good conscience and faith unfeigned: ASV 1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an ensample to them that believe, in word, in manner of life, in love, in faith, in purity. ASV 2 Timothy 2:22 But flee youthful lusts, and follow after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart. ASV 1 Peter 4:8 above all things being fervent in your love among yourselves; for love covereth a multitude of sins: ASV 1 Peter 5:14 Salute one another with a kiss of love. Peace be unto you all that are in Christ. ASV Revelation 2:19 I know thy works, and thy love and faith and ministry and patience, and that thy last works are more than the first. Barren and Fruitful Christians 1:8, 9:  Barren and Fruitful Christians 1:8, 9 2 Peter 1:8-10 8 For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they render you neither useless nor unfruitful in the true knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having forgotten his purification from his former sins. NAS Slide27:  TRUE KNOWLEDGE OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST Diligent Effort to Obey Christ Fruitful 2 Peter 1:8 8 For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they render you neither useless nor unfruitful in the true knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. Growing Out of the True Knowledge of Christ:  Growing Out of the True Knowledge of Christ Diligent Effort & Obedience 692 avrgo,j argos {ar-gos'} Meaning: 1) free from labour, at leisure 2) lazy, shunning the labour which one ought to perform Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 2041; TDNT - 1:452,76; adj Usage: AV - idle 6, slow 1, barren 1; 8 Misc: For Synonyms see entry 5814 Fruitfulness 175 a;karpoj akarpos {ak'-ar-pos} Meaning: 1) metaph. without fruit, barren, not yielding what it ought to yield Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 2590; TDNT - 3:616,416; adj Usage: AV - unfruitful 6, without fruit 1; 7 Slide29:  Useless Blind Unfruitful FAILURE TO REFERENCE THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST Forgotten his purification from his former sins A Worthy Goal 1:10, 11:  A Worthy Goal 1:10, 11 2 Peter 1:10-11 10 Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble; 11 for in this way the entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you. NAS Slide31:  CALLING ELECTION ASV 2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore, brethren, give the more diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never stumble: ESV 2 Peter 1:10 Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to make your calling and election sure, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. NAS 2 Peter 1:10 Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble; NAU 2 Peter 1:10 Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble; Free Will Of Man See Rm.8:28-30 “…for in this way the entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you.” :  “…for in this way the entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you.” Supplied to You 2023 evpicorhge,w epichoregeo {ep-ee-khor-ayg-eh'-o} Meaning: 1) to supply, furnish, present 2) to be supplied, ministered to, assisted Titus 2:11-14 11 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, 12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, 13 looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus; 14 who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds. NAS “…entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you” :  “…entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you” “And the metaphor of the entry into the kingdom may well go back to one of the honors paid to a victor in the Olympic Games. His home city, in her joy and pride in his success, would welcome him back not through the usual gate, but through a part of the wall specially broken down to afford him entrance.” Michael Green, 2 Peter & Jude (Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing), 1987. Truth Will Bear Repetition 1:12-15:  Truth Will Bear Repetition 1:12-15 2 Peter 1:12-15 12 Therefore, I shall always be ready to remind you of these things, even though you already know them, and have been established in the truth which is present with you. 13 And I consider it right, as long as I am in this earthly dwelling, to stir you up by way of reminder, 14 knowing that the laying aside of my earthly dwelling is imminent, as also our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. 15 And I will also be diligent that at any time after my departure you may be able to call these things to mind. NAS Reasons for the Reminder:  Reasons for the Reminder To Guard Against License 2:11, 19; cp. Rm.6:1f To Leave a Means of Remembering 1:15; 3:11 To Keep Established 1:12; 1 Pet.5:10; 2 Pet.3:17 Peter’s Reflection on Death:  Peter’s Reflection on Death “Laying aside of my earthly dwelling” takes us to the pilgrim theme (cp. 2 Cor.5:1) Peter had known from the departure of Christ the kind of death he would die (cp. Jn.21:18, 19). “Departure” (SKENOMA, tent) idea (Green, 89). The Truth is Attested by Apostolic Eyewitnesses 1:16-18:  The Truth is Attested by Apostolic Eyewitnesses 1:16-18 2 Peter 1:15-19 16 For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. 17 For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, "This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased"-- 18 and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain. NAS

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