Published on March 6, 2014
Thursday, 06 March 2014
NICS • Narrative • Iconography • Characters • Setting
Recap - Narrative Structure When we sit down to watch a film the narrative structure help defines the story. It needs to be structured to help us, the audience, understand the message contained within, giving the film meaning throughout. Tzvetan Todorov’s 5 stage narrative structure helps us enables most narratives to follow a conventional chronological structure. Vladimir Propp’s 7 spheres of action provide us with typical ‘stock’ characters that are found within narratives
Heroes and Villains In pairs, brainstorm what characterises: • a hero • a villain • What might they look like? • How might they act? • What locations would they be based in? • What props would they have? • Who would be supporting them? • What might happen to them in the film?
Conclusion The Hero • • • • • • • • • The Villain Physically strong or physically fit • • Good looking • Young(ish) Works with limited help –a buddy • and/or the heroine. • Has limited weapons. • Quick thinking/intelligent. Chivalrous. • Trustworthy. • Follow a code that preaches loyalty, honour, duty, selflessness • and spirituality. This guides their mission or quest. Usually physically weaker Not as good looking (often scarred). Often older. Will usually have henchmen as back up – or even an army . Needs more weapons. Will often watch as the hero jumps out of the window… Selfish/disloyal/greedy. Creates suffering by causing war. Shares the same quest as hero, such as trying to obtain a valuable artefact, but out of greed or desire for power.
What are the binary opposites of... • • • • • • • • Strong Powerful Active Heroic Good Dominant Practical Logical
What are the binary opposites of... • • • • • • • • Strong Powerful Active Heroic Good Dominant Practical Logical • • • • • • • • Weak Powerless Passive Cowardly Evil Submissive Impractical Illogical
Binary Opposites Levi Strauss believed that the way we understand certain words depends not so much on any meaning they themselves directly contain, but much more by our understanding of the difference between the word and its 'opposite' or, as he called it 'binary opposite'. He suggests that words merely act as symbols for society's ideas and that the meaning of words, therefore, was a relationship rather than a fixed thing: a relationship between opposing ideas. • E,g,: , our understanding of the word villain' surely depends on the difference between that word and its opposing idea, that of a 'hero'.
As well as the good vs evil binary there are other oppositions that should help you understand the idea, such as youth/ age binary, and the masculinity/ femininity binary, and so on. In Media studies, we use this when analysing images. For example, sometimes film makers juxtapose opposite images in the same frame to emphasise their difference.
Action Film Binary Opposites The Mummy Rick O’Connell (Brendan Fraser) High Priest Imhotep (Arnold Vosloo)
Action Film Binary Opposites Spiderman 2 Peter Parker (Tobey Maguire) Doc Ock (Alfred Molina)
Action Film Binary Opposites Pirates of the Caribbean Will Turner (Orlando Bloom) Captain Barbosa (Geoffrey Rush)
Homework • Using Word or Powerpoint, create a collage of at least 5 sets of binary hero/villain characters. • 3 sets of binary characters must be from Action Adventure films. • Due in this time next week.
Quick Quiz 1. What does the term ‘genre’ mean? 2. Name any three films genres. 3. What does narrative mean? 4. Name two stages of Todorov’s narrative theory. 5. Name two of Propp’s character types. 6. If a character is a ‘stock’ character and is a generalisation, what is this also known as? 7. What does iconography mean? 8. Name three things you expect to see in an action adventure film.
GCSE Media Studies, Action Adventure, SOW, Yr 11, OCR
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