Gavrilova PAA 2005

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Published on October 12, 2007

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Problems with Mortality Data in Russia :  Problems with Mortality Data in Russia Natalia S. Gavrilova Victoria G. Semyonova Galina N. Evdokushkina Alla E. Ivanova Leonid A. Gavrilov Center on Aging, NORC/University of Chicago Central Research Public Health Institute, Moscow, Russia In 1992 and 1998 Russia experienced two serious economic crises accompanied with drop in personal income and rapid impoverishment:  In 1992 and 1998 Russia experienced two serious economic crises accompanied with drop in personal income and rapid impoverishment Life Expectancy in Russia:  Life Expectancy in Russia Pace of Growth of Age-Adjusted Mortality in 1989-2000 for Classes of Causes of Death :  Pace of Growth of Age-Adjusted Mortality in 1989-2000 for Classes of Causes of Death Is this increase in mortality from ill-defined conditions related to more cases of deaths from senility? :  Is this increase in mortality from ill-defined conditions related to more cases of deaths from senility? Age Profile of Mortality from Ill-Defined Conditions in Russia:  Age Profile of Mortality from Ill-Defined Conditions in Russia Males Females Top Five Causes of Death for Young Adult Males (20-24):  Top Five Causes of Death for Young Adult Males (20-24) Top Five Causes of Death for Young Adult Females (20-24):  Top Five Causes of Death for Young Adult Females (20-24) What Causes of Death Are Hidden Behind the Ill-Defined Conditions?:  What Causes of Death Are Hidden Behind the Ill-Defined Conditions? We Used Individual Death Certificates With More Detailed Description of Circumstances of Death Collected by Kirov Department of Health Kirov is a Typical Russian Region with Lower than Average Mortality from Ill-Defined Conditions:  We Used Individual Death Certificates With More Detailed Description of Circumstances of Death Collected by Kirov Department of Health Kirov is a Typical Russian Region with Lower than Average Mortality from Ill-Defined Conditions Age-Adjusted Mortality from Injuries in 1996 for Russian Males Aged 0-64 years Data from the WebAtlas Project (http://sci.aha.ru/ATL):  Age-Adjusted Mortality from Injuries in 1996 for Russian Males Aged 0-64 years Data from the WebAtlas Project (http://sci.aha.ru/ATL) Deaths from Ill-Defined Conditions in Kirov Region of Russia in 2003:  Deaths from Ill-Defined Conditions in Kirov Region of Russia in 2003 Sudden infant death (R95) 3.3% Decomposition in water (river, well, pond) (R99) 13.0% Decomposition at home (R99) 53.5% Decomposition in garden, summer house (R99) 1.7% Decomposition in forest or field (R99) 6.0% Decomposition in nonresidential building, on the street (R99) 12.3% Decomposition in water pipe (R99) 0.7% Decomposition on the cemetery (R99) 0.3% Decomposition in bath, lavatory or barn (R99) 1.0% Decomposition in other place (R99) 5.5% unknown (R99) 2.3% senility (R54) 0.3% Ill-defined conditions and external deaths of undetermined intent are two sides of the same coin It appears that both causes of death are used for concealing criminal cases of violent death :  Ill-defined conditions and external deaths of undetermined intent are two sides of the same coin It appears that both causes of death are used for concealing criminal cases of violent death Top Five Causes of External Mortality in Russia and Moscow in 2001:  Top Five Causes of External Mortality in Russia and Moscow in 2001 Social Background of Current Degradation in Russian Mortality Statistics :  Social Background of Current Degradation in Russian Mortality Statistics Transition period was accompanied by unprecedented growth of crime rate and homicide mortality :  Transition period was accompanied by unprecedented growth of crime rate and homicide mortality Tendencies of Intentional Murders in Russia and the United States:  Tendencies of Intentional Murders in Russia and the United States Trends in Homicide Victimization Rates for Young and Middle-Aged Adults Data from Russian Vital Statistics:  Trends in Homicide Victimization Rates for Young and Middle-Aged Adults Data from Russian Vital Statistics Males Females Age Profile of Homicide Mortality in Russia: 1981-2002:  Age Profile of Homicide Mortality in Russia: 1981-2002 Males Females Traditionally high rate of alcohol-related mortality increased further during the 1990s :  Traditionally high rate of alcohol-related mortality increased further during the 1990s Age Profiles of Mortality from Accidental Poisoning by Alcohol Data from Russian Vital Statistics:  Age Profiles of Mortality from Accidental Poisoning by Alcohol Data from Russian Vital Statistics Males Females Rapid increase in the number of abandon children and children without parental support during the last decade:  Rapid increase in the number of abandon children and children without parental support during the last decade Social structure of young (16-39) males died in 2004 in Kirov region:  Social structure of young (16-39) males died in 2004 in Kirov region Period of reforms, started in the mid 1980s, resulted in qualitative changes in the pattern of Russian mortality. These changes may be summarized as marginalization of Russian mortality :  Period of reforms, started in the mid 1980s, resulted in qualitative changes in the pattern of Russian mortality. These changes may be summarized as marginalization of Russian mortality The main characteristics of marginalization are :  The main characteristics of marginalization are Degradation of cause of death structure Misrepresentation of real mortality pattern Formation of specific social portrait of deceased in the age groups of maximal risk (young and middle working ages) Conclusions:  Conclusions Analysis of Russian mortality statistics suggests that official levels of homicide mortality in Russia may be significantly underestimated Rapid growth of deaths coded as “Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings” may mask real level of external mortality Acknowledgments:  Acknowledgments This study was made possible thanks to: generous support from the National Institute on Aging (pilot project to the Center of Aging), and stimulating working environment at the Center on Aging, NORC/University of Chicago We also are grateful to Elena Dubrovina, a head of Kirov Division of Health Statistics, for invaluable help in data collection

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