Gardners 9-tasks-adapted-for-christian-leadership-5916

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Published on March 11, 2014

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Gardner's 9 tasks adapted for Christian Leadership.

Gardner’s 9 Leadership TasksGardner’s 9 Leadership Tasks adapted for Christianadapted for Christian LeadershipLeadership Matthew JohnsonMatthew Johnson CL 612CL 612 Final ProjectFinal Project

What is Christian Leadership?What is Christian Leadership? Christian leadership is the process of leading God’s people toward’s God’s purpose so that they might understand and embrace their role in the Missio Dei. A Christian leader is a person formed in the Imago Dei with a servant heart whose God-given skills and talents are purposefully surrendered to the Holy Spirit so that He might use them to Influence a specific group of God’s people towards God’s purpose. -Adapted from Dr. Rick Gray

Three Essentials of ChristianThree Essentials of Christian LeadershipLeadership •Governance •Direction •Liberation

What is Governance?What is Governance? • Governance is the ability to direct andGovernance is the ability to direct and structure the institution in which one worksstructure the institution in which one works for greater Kingdom Impact. Governancefor greater Kingdom Impact. Governance is not simply a management task; insteadis not simply a management task; instead the goal should be to move an institutionthe goal should be to move an institution toward a fuller understanding of thetoward a fuller understanding of the MissioMissio Dei.Dei.

What is Direction?What is Direction? • Direction is leading people in the way thatDirection is leading people in the way that God would direct them. Direction is NOTGod would direct them. Direction is NOT determining a new vision; instead it isdetermining a new vision; instead it is leading in a specific direction that God hasleading in a specific direction that God has already established.already established.

What is Liberation?What is Liberation? • Liberation is the call of God to free andLiberation is the call of God to free and grow the people of God. The Christiangrow the people of God. The Christian Leader not only thinks about theLeader not only thinks about the institution, but should primarily focus oninstitution, but should primarily focus on the people that they are leading. Christianthe people that they are leading. Christian Leadership helps the people of God to aLeadership helps the people of God to a fuller understanding of God’s movementfuller understanding of God’s movement and purpose in the lives of the people.and purpose in the lives of the people.

But…How does a Christian LeaderBut…How does a Christian Leader achieve these three things?achieve these three things? As someone who learns from practicalAs someone who learns from practical thinking and concrete steps, I find myselfthinking and concrete steps, I find myself asking how the Christian Leader mightasking how the Christian Leader might practically guide God’s people. Gardnerpractically guide God’s people. Gardner offers 9 tasks of the leader, and I willoffers 9 tasks of the leader, and I will attempt to see how they might fit under theattempt to see how they might fit under the three essential areas in which a Christianthree essential areas in which a Christian Leader works.Leader works.

Gardner’s 9 Tasks of LeadershipGardner’s 9 Tasks of Leadership • Envisioning GoalsEnvisioning Goals • Affirming ValuesAffirming Values • MotivatingMotivating • ManagingManaging • Achieving Workable UnityAchieving Workable Unity • ExplainingExplaining • Serving as a symbolServing as a symbol • Representing the GroupRepresenting the Group • RenewingRenewing

Envisioning GoalsEnvisioning Goals • Gardner asserts that the role of the leaderGardner asserts that the role of the leader is to envision and voice goals for anis to envision and voice goals for an organization. The goals shouldorganization. The goals should encompass long and short-term planning,encompass long and short-term planning, and can flow from a vision of what couldand can flow from a vision of what could be or a solution to the problems currentlybe or a solution to the problems currently at hand.at hand.

Christian Leadership andChristian Leadership and Envisioning GoalsEnvisioning Goals • Envisioning goals might fit into the area ofEnvisioning goals might fit into the area of direction. Christian leaders do not simplydirection. Christian leaders do not simply envision goals; they understand goals inenvision goals; they understand goals in the light of thethe light of the missio Deimissio Dei and they mustand they must always ask the question “Whose vision isalways ask the question “Whose vision is it?” The vision MUST be God’s vision andit?” The vision MUST be God’s vision and plan; it cannot simply be human agenda.plan; it cannot simply be human agenda.

Christian Leadership andChristian Leadership and Envisioning Goals (Con’t)Envisioning Goals (Con’t) • According to Dr. Gray, the overarchingAccording to Dr. Gray, the overarching goal for Christian leadership must be a callgoal for Christian leadership must be a call to “grow the people.” In this sense, theto “grow the people.” In this sense, the task of envisioning goals might betask of envisioning goals might be considered to be liberation. After this, asconsidered to be liberation. After this, as leaders attempt to envision goals, theyleaders attempt to envision goals, they must ask what God is already doing inmust ask what God is already doing in their midst, and they must practice prayertheir midst, and they must practice prayer and discernment to better understand howand discernment to better understand how to move forward.to move forward.

Christian Leadership andChristian Leadership and Envisioning GoalsEnvisioning Goals • Finally, I believe that envisioning goals isFinally, I believe that envisioning goals is not simply the job of the leader, but it isnot simply the job of the leader, but it is the job of a team of individuals whothe job of a team of individuals who understand theunderstand the missio Deimissio Dei and who wantand who want to better understand how God is at work into better understand how God is at work in their midst. Decisions regarding visionstheir midst. Decisions regarding visions are best made in community rather thanare best made in community rather than isolation.isolation.

Affirming ValuesAffirming Values • Each society and organization is based onEach society and organization is based on core values. These values are bothcore values. These values are both written and unwritten and can be seen inwritten and unwritten and can be seen in history, art, music, etc. Yet, values canhistory, art, music, etc. Yet, values can disintegrate over time, and the role of thedisintegrate over time, and the role of the leader becomes reaffirming andleader becomes reaffirming and rediscovering the core values that hold arediscovering the core values that hold a community together. Often these valuescommunity together. Often these values can renew, but sometimes the difficult jobcan renew, but sometimes the difficult job of the leader becomes proclaiming valuesof the leader becomes proclaiming values that are not as popular.that are not as popular.

Christian Leadership and AffirmingChristian Leadership and Affirming ValuesValues • The task of affirming values can beThe task of affirming values can be considered governance and direction.considered governance and direction. This task is governance as values mustThis task is governance as values must give shape and structure to the overallgive shape and structure to the overall organization. This task is also direction,organization. This task is also direction, as our values must guide our goals andas our values must guide our goals and our movement forward.our movement forward.

Should values follow goals orShould values follow goals or should goals follow values?should goals follow values? • While Gardner lists the first task ofWhile Gardner lists the first task of leadership as envisioning goals, I believeleadership as envisioning goals, I believe that an affirmation of values must comethat an affirmation of values must come before goal setting. Values should be thebefore goal setting. Values should be the foundation that any community or group isfoundation that any community or group is structured around.structured around.

What values are essential toWhat values are essential to Christian Leadership?Christian Leadership? • Love of God, Love of NeighborLove of God, Love of Neighbor • The Lordship and Leadership of JesusThe Lordship and Leadership of Jesus ChristChrist • Mercy and JusticeMercy and Justice • People over InstitutionsPeople over Institutions

MotivatingMotivating • Gardner states “Leaders do not normallyGardner states “Leaders do not normally create motivation out of thin air. Theycreate motivation out of thin air. They unlock or channel existing motives.”unlock or channel existing motives.” • Gardner states that a leader must realizeGardner states that a leader must realize the need of the followers for security andthe need of the followers for security and the ways that fear might drive andthe ways that fear might drive and motivate the followers.motivate the followers.

Motivating and ChristianMotivating and Christian LeadershipLeadership • The idea of motivation falls under theThe idea of motivation falls under the areas of direction and liberation.areas of direction and liberation. • Motivating is direction as it calls ChristianMotivating is direction as it calls Christian leaders to move people in a certainleaders to move people in a certain direction.direction. • Motivation is liberation as it frees people toMotivation is liberation as it frees people to achieve all that God has in mind for them.achieve all that God has in mind for them.

Motivation and FearMotivation and Fear • Should the Christian Leader use fear toShould the Christian Leader use fear to motivate?motivate? • I believe that motivation for the ChristianI believe that motivation for the Christian leader flows from two areas:leader flows from two areas: • An understanding of God’s previous workAn understanding of God’s previous work in history ANDin history AND • A hope for what God is currently doingA hope for what God is currently doing

Motivating as Christian LeadersMotivating as Christian Leaders • When we realize the many ways that GodWhen we realize the many ways that God has intervened in history and has workedhas intervened in history and has worked in the lives of God’s people, we are givenin the lives of God’s people, we are given assurance of God’s continuing work inassurance of God’s continuing work in history. God’s people are not motivatedhistory. God’s people are not motivated by fear, but by a desire to serve and workby fear, but by a desire to serve and work with God.with God.

Motivating as Christian LeadersMotivating as Christian Leaders • God’s work in history gives us anGod’s work in history gives us an awareness of God’s work in the present.awareness of God’s work in the present. The role of the Christian Leader is toThe role of the Christian Leader is to name the ways that God is currently atname the ways that God is currently at work, and to encourage God’s people thatwork, and to encourage God’s people that God has a plan and hope for the future.God has a plan and hope for the future.

ManagingManaging Gardner lists five ways that leadershipGardner lists five ways that leadership encompasses managementencompasses management responsibilities. He lists those tasks as:responsibilities. He lists those tasks as: • Planning and Priority SettingPlanning and Priority Setting • Organizing and institution-buildingOrganizing and institution-building • Keeping the system functioningKeeping the system functioning • Agenda setting and decision makingAgenda setting and decision making • Exercising Political judgmentExercising Political judgment

Management and ChristianManagement and Christian LeadershipLeadership Management falls into the area ofManagement falls into the area of governance. Yet, several managementgovernance. Yet, several management tasks come into conflict with Christiantasks come into conflict with Christian Leadership.Leadership. 1.1. Organizing and Institution BuildingOrganizing and Institution Building As noted above, an important ChristianAs noted above, an important Christian value is people over the institution. Howvalue is people over the institution. How does a leader respond when growing thedoes a leader respond when growing the people and managing an institutionpeople and managing an institution conflict?conflict?

2.2. Agenda setting and decision-makingAgenda setting and decision-making Christian Leadership happens best in theChristian Leadership happens best in the team setting, while Gardner seems toteam setting, while Gardner seems to state that management is partlystate that management is partly individual decision-making. How doesindividual decision-making. How does Christian Leadership understandChristian Leadership understand management in a team setting?management in a team setting?

Achieving Workable UnityAchieving Workable Unity Leaders must be able to negotiate conflictLeaders must be able to negotiate conflict and build trust so that a team might have aand build trust so that a team might have a sense of unity and not be destroyed bysense of unity and not be destroyed by internal strife and conflict.internal strife and conflict.

Workable Unity and ChristianWorkable Unity and Christian LeadershipLeadership Workable unity is a type of governance. It isWorkable unity is a type of governance. It is an absolutely necessary skill for Christianan absolutely necessary skill for Christian leaders, as conflict often surfaces withinleaders, as conflict often surfaces within the Kingdom of God. Christian leadersthe Kingdom of God. Christian leaders with conflict resolution skills are especiallywith conflict resolution skills are especially valuable in organizations that arevaluable in organizations that are polarized around particular issues.polarized around particular issues.

ExplainingExplaining People want to know what the problem is,People want to know what the problem is, why they were being asked to do certainwhy they were being asked to do certain things, how they related to the largerthings, how they related to the larger picture. It is the role of the leader topicture. It is the role of the leader to communicate and explain what is goingcommunicate and explain what is going on. In this sense, leaders are teacher.on. In this sense, leaders are teacher. Great leaders are clearly teaching.Great leaders are clearly teaching.

Explaining and ChristianExplaining and Christian LeadershipLeadership Explaining falls under the idea of directionExplaining falls under the idea of direction and governance. Christian leaders haveand governance. Christian leaders have an understanding of the overall picture,an understanding of the overall picture, and are able to enlighten those whoand are able to enlighten those who follow. Christian leaders must also befollow. Christian leaders must also be aware of their role as communicators as itaware of their role as communicators as it gives direction to the followers.gives direction to the followers.

Serve as a symbolServe as a symbol Leaders serve as a symbol to theirLeaders serve as a symbol to their organization. Leaders are set apart andorganization. Leaders are set apart and examined by the followers, and no longerexamined by the followers, and no longer speak for themselves alone. Leaders arespeak for themselves alone. Leaders are called to serve as a symbol thatcalled to serve as a symbol that galvanizes and empowers their followers.galvanizes and empowers their followers.

Symbols and Christian LeadershipSymbols and Christian Leadership The idea of serving as a symbol can beThe idea of serving as a symbol can be seen as direction or governance. Doseen as direction or governance. Do Christian leaders merely serve asChristian leaders merely serve as symbols, or is our call something greater?symbols, or is our call something greater?

Concerns with SymbolsConcerns with Symbols 1.1. Christian Leader are to serve, not serveChristian Leader are to serve, not serve as a symbol. The idea of being symbolas a symbol. The idea of being symbol makes the Christian leader a figurehead,makes the Christian leader a figurehead, rather than an active participant with therather than an active participant with the followers in the work of God.followers in the work of God.

Concerns (Cont.)Concerns (Cont.) 2. Christian Leaders are not to be seen for2. Christian Leaders are not to be seen for outward appearance. Christianoutward appearance. Christian Leadership is an attitude of the heart, thusLeadership is an attitude of the heart, thus integrity, character, and one’s regressionintegrity, character, and one’s regression to holiness is crucial. Christian Leadersto holiness is crucial. Christian Leaders must serve as examples, not simplymust serve as examples, not simply symbols.symbols.

Representing the groupRepresenting the group Leaders cannot merely focus on their ownLeaders cannot merely focus on their own followers; instead they represent the groupfollowers; instead they represent the group the world at large, and serve as athe world at large, and serve as a representative between those inside therepresentative between those inside the group and those outside of the group.group and those outside of the group.

Representing the Group andRepresenting the Group and Christian LeadershipChristian Leadership I do not believe that the idea of representingI do not believe that the idea of representing the group falls into any of the threethe group falls into any of the three essential functions of Christian leadership.essential functions of Christian leadership. I believe that Christian Leaders must beI believe that Christian Leaders must be representatives, but not simply of a grouprepresentatives, but not simply of a group of people, but representatives of Christ.of people, but representatives of Christ. Christian leaders must not only focus onChristian leaders must not only focus on the current followers, but those who needthe current followers, but those who need to hear the message of Christ.to hear the message of Christ.

Moreover, Christian Leaders are called toMoreover, Christian Leaders are called to grow and mentor the people so that thegrow and mentor the people so that the people are prepared to represent thepeople are prepared to represent the Gospel of Christ to a fallen world.Gospel of Christ to a fallen world. Christian leaders do not hold the key; all ofChristian leaders do not hold the key; all of God’s people must be involved in God’sGod’s people must be involved in God’s redeeming work in the world, living theirredeeming work in the world, living their lives as ambassadors of Christ.lives as ambassadors of Christ.

RenewingRenewing Gardner states “All too often on the longGardner states “All too often on the long road up young leaders become ‘shapersroad up young leaders become ‘shapers of what is’ rather than ‘shapers of whatof what is’ rather than ‘shapers of what might be.” Leaders are called to helpmight be.” Leaders are called to help bring about appropriate change to anbring about appropriate change to an organization that will breathe new life intoorganization that will breathe new life into that organization.that organization.

Renewing and Christian LeadershipRenewing and Christian Leadership Renewing falls into the category of direction.Renewing falls into the category of direction. Christian Leaders, though, are guided byChristian Leaders, though, are guided by two important ideas. First, what is Godtwo important ideas. First, what is God doing and how can we be involved?doing and how can we be involved? Second, is the change that we seekSecond, is the change that we seek brought about by the Holy Spirit?brought about by the Holy Spirit?

We realize that true change and trueWe realize that true change and true renewal in an organization only comesrenewal in an organization only comes when it is God-breathed and Holy Spiritwhen it is God-breathed and Holy Spirit ordained. Change for the sake of changeordained. Change for the sake of change is not our responsibility; Change for theis not our responsibility; Change for the furthering of God’s Kingdom must becomefurthering of God’s Kingdom must become our goal.our goal.

What brings renewal?What brings renewal? As Christians, we must realize thatAs Christians, we must realize that programs and ideas do NOT bringprograms and ideas do NOT bring renewal. Throughout history, renewalrenewal. Throughout history, renewal comes from a rediscovery andcomes from a rediscovery and proclamation of God’s Word. Whetherproclamation of God’s Word. Whether King Josiah, Martin Luther, or JohnKing Josiah, Martin Luther, or John Wesley, renewal happens as peopleWesley, renewal happens as people continue to interact and be changed by thecontinue to interact and be changed by the Word of God.Word of God.

SummarySummary • Gardner’s tasks are heavily gearedGardner’s tasks are heavily geared towards governance and direction. Verytowards governance and direction. Very little of Gardner’s ideas focus on liberationlittle of Gardner’s ideas focus on liberation and growing the people.and growing the people. • Gardner’s tasks are very leader-focused,Gardner’s tasks are very leader-focused, rather than people-focused.rather than people-focused. • Gardner does not include any ideas ofGardner does not include any ideas of legacy or self-leadership. All of Gardner’slegacy or self-leadership. All of Gardner’s ideas are based on public presentation.ideas are based on public presentation.

All information regarding Gardner’s 9 TasksAll information regarding Gardner’s 9 Tasks were found in an article entitled “Whatwere found in an article entitled “What works, what matters, what last, Vol IV.”works, what matters, what last, Vol IV.” The article is available atThe article is available at http://www.pkal.org/page.cfm?page=4159http://www.pkal.org/page.cfm?page=4159

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