Gandhi And Gita

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Information about Gandhi And Gita
Spiritual

Published on July 28, 2009

Author: ekrishna

Source: slideshare.net

Gandhi and Gita Krishna Bhatta, MD, FRCS

 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 134 years ago on October 2 nd

Mohandas Gandhi as a young boy

While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his conscience deeply  troubled him and he wrote a confession to his father. In Gandhi's own words:      “I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed to him myself. In this note, not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishment for it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for my offence. I was trembling as I handed the confession to my father. He was ill with fistula and was confined to bed. I sat beside him.”

While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his conscience deeply  troubled him and he wrote a confession to his father. In Gandhi's own words: I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed to him myself. In this note, not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishment for it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for my offence. I was trembling as I handed the confession to my father. He was ill with fistula and was confined to bed. I sat beside him. He read it through, and pearl-drops trickled down his cheek, wetting the paper. For a moment he closed his eyes in thought  and then tore up the note. He had sat up to read it. He again lay down. I also cried. I could see my father's agony. I still vividly remember the entire scene today. Those pearl-drops of love cleansed my heart, and washed my sin away. Only he who has experienced such love can know what it is. This was for me an object lesson in Ahimsa . When such Ahimsa becomes all-embracing, it transforms everything it touches. There is no limit to its power. This sort of sublime forgiveness was not natural to my father. I had thought that he would be angry, say harsh words and strike his forehead. But he was so wonderfully peaceful, and this was due to my clean confession. A clean confession, combined with a promise never to commit the sin again, when offered before one who has the right to receive it, is the purest type of repentance. I know that my confession made my father feel absolutely safe about me, and increased his affection for me beyond measure. Excerpted from Gandhi's autobiography

While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his conscience deeply  troubled him and he wrote a confession to his father. In Gandhi's own words: I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed to him myself. In this note, not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishment for it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for my offence.

I was trembling as I handed the confession to my father. He was ill with fistula and was confined to bed. I sat beside him.

He read it through, and pearl-drops trickled down his cheek, wetting the paper. For a moment he closed his eyes in thought  and then tore up the note. He had sat up to read it. He again lay down. I also cried. I could see my father's agony. I still vividly remember the entire scene today.

Those pearl-drops of love cleansed my heart, and washed my sin away. Only he who has experienced such love can know what it is. This was for me an object lesson in Ahimsa . When such Ahimsa becomes all-embracing, it transforms everything it touches. There is no limit to its power.

This sort of sublime forgiveness was not natural to my father. I had thought that he would be angry, say harsh words and strike his forehead. But he was so wonderfully peaceful, and this was due to my clean confession. A clean confession, combined with a promise never to commit the sin again, when offered before one who has the right to receive it, is the purest type of repentance. I know that my confession made my father feel absolutely safe about me, and increased his affection for me beyond measure.

Excerpted from Gandhi's autobiography

Leaders Lead !

Gandhi and Gita The Gita has been a mother to me ever since I became first acquainted with it in 1889

The Gita has been a mother to me ever since I became first acquainted with it in 1889

Gandhi and Gita When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to the Bhagavad-Gita. I find a verse here and a verse there , and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming tragedies -- and my life has been full of external tragedies – And if they have left no visible or indelible scar on me, I owe it all to the teaching of Bhagavad-Gita.                    

When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to the Bhagavad-Gita.

I find a verse here and a verse there , and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming tragedies -- and my life has been full of external tragedies –

And if they have left no visible or indelible scar on me, I owe it all to the teaching of Bhagavad-Gita.                    

Gandhi and Gita Gita was part of daily family prayer during his father’s later days 1889 – in London (20y.o) Approached by two theosophists to read Gita 1903 - Seeker’s club in S.A .(theosophists again) Gita formed a central part in Gandhi’s life

Gita was part of daily family prayer during his father’s later days

1889 – in London (20y.o)

Approached by two theosophists to read Gita

1903 - Seeker’s club in S.A .(theosophists again)

Gita formed a central part in Gandhi’s life

Gandhi and Gita History Renunciation of fruit of action Knowledge and devotion Death and self realization (moksha) Non-violence Freedom of interpretation Avatar and divinity of Krishna

History

Renunciation of fruit of action

Knowledge and devotion

Death and self realization (moksha)

Non-violence

Freedom of interpretation

Avatar and divinity of Krishna

Gandhi and Gita Need to understand why Gandhi saw Gita as he saw For that we need to understand who Gandhi is And how does he differ from Krishna

Need to understand why Gandhi saw Gita as he saw

For that we need to understand who Gandhi is

And how does he differ from Krishna

Gandhi and Gita Gandhi = Naitik Mahapurush (A moral person, a good person) Krishna = A Dharmic Purush

Gandhi = Naitik Mahapurush (A moral person, a good person)

Krishna = A Dharmic Purush

 

Goodness Goodness suffers from a basic weakness that it wants to keep away from conflicts When goodness fights it fights to prevent evil from winning and to Re-establish the value system Dharma that has been eroded

Goodness suffers from a basic weakness that it wants to keep away from conflicts

When goodness fights it fights to prevent evil from winning and to

Re-establish the value system Dharma that has been eroded

Dharma Righteousness, virtue Ultimate law or logos Justice – no classes Value system of Mayaspace

Righteousness, virtue

Ultimate law or logos

Justice – no classes

Value system of Mayaspace

Maya Maya = network of ego Maya = The infrastructure of existence

Maya = network of ego

Maya = The infrastructure of existence

Avatar yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham Whenever and wherever there is a decline in Dharma, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of Adharma--at that time I descend Myself.

yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham

Whenever and wherever there is a decline in Dharma, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of Adharma--at that time I descend Myself.

Dharma Fear forms the basis of downfall of dharma This then leads to: Further Fear Loss of liberty and freedom Lack of trust Suspicion abounds

Fear forms the basis of downfall of dharma

This then leads to:

Further Fear

Loss of liberty and freedom

Lack of trust

Suspicion abounds

Dharma Value system Deterioration of Dharma Like a Riots in the space of value system Dharma upholding and different yoga Karma yoga Buddhi yoga Gyan yoga

Value system

Deterioration of Dharma

Like a Riots in the space of value system

Dharma upholding and different yoga

Karma yoga

Buddhi yoga

Gyan yoga

Yoga Union of mind to soul Yogaschittavritti nirodhah (yoga is cessation of mind) Centering growth

Union of mind to soul

Yogaschittavritti nirodhah (yoga is cessation of mind)

Centering growth

Growth Cylindrical growth Centering growth - Cone

Cylindrical growth

Centering growth - Cone

 

 

Desire Pathway Dhyayato Vishayanpunshah Kamah (desire) Krodha (anger) Sammohan (hypnosis) Buddhinash (loss of judgment, memory) Pranashyati

Dhyayato Vishayanpunshah

Kamah (desire)

Krodha (anger)

Sammohan (hypnosis)

Buddhinash (loss of judgment, memory)

Pranashyati

Desire Pathway Driving force Parents to Parmatma

Driving force

Parents to Parmatma

Driving forces Outside Parents Peer Intrinsic Pursuing hobbies is an example Divine Luck puja Parmatma

Outside

Parents

Peer

Intrinsic

Pursuing hobbies is an example

Divine

Luck

puja

Parmatma

Myths of karma Sakam karma = selfish act Nishkam karma = selfless act Karma sanyas = no karma Nishkam karma = do not worry about results

Sakam karma = selfish act

Nishkam karma = selfless act

Karma sanyas = no karma

Nishkam karma = do not worry about results

Karma Yoga (Basics) karmany evadhikaras te ma phalesu kadacana ma karma-phala-hetur bhur ma te sango 'stv akarmani You have a right to work, but never to the result thereof. Never consider yourself to be the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty||2:47||.

karmany evadhikaras te ma phalesu kadacana ma karma-phala-hetur bhur ma te sango 'stv akarmani You have a right to work, but never to the result thereof. Never consider yourself to be the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty||2:47||.

Karma Yoga (Basics) We have right to karma We do not have right to the result Result depends on other factors Our karma + other factors = results Do not credit yourself for the result Do not think of not doing any karma No karma = no result

We have right to karma

We do not have right to the result

Result depends on other factors

Our karma + other factors = results

Do not credit yourself for the result

Do not think of not doing any karma

No karma = no result

Karma Nishkam Karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas (Mundane karma + essential karma = karma) sakam karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas (karma = mundane karma + essential karma) karma – karta bhava (I-ness) = working for parmatma (Karma = karma +karta (doer)

Nishkam Karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas

(Mundane karma + essential karma = karma)

sakam karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas

(karma = mundane karma + essential karma)

karma – karta bhava (I-ness) = working for parmatma

(Karma = karma +karta (doer)

Karma Karma + Kamana Sakam Karma divided buddhi Sakam Karma-Kamana Nishkam Karma ek buddhi ek buddhi = definitive intellect Buddhi = intellect

Karma + Kamana Sakam Karma

divided buddhi

Sakam Karma-Kamana Nishkam Karma

ek buddhi

ek buddhi = definitive intellect

Buddhi = intellect

Karma Yoga Nishkam Karma Sakam karma – desires/expectations Does not mean selfless action Sakam Karma Does not mean selfish action Karma + desires/expectations = SK Not always bad Karma Sanyas Sakam karma – mundane karma = KS (desires still present) Nishkam karma – mundane karma = KS

Nishkam Karma

Sakam karma – desires/expectations

Does not mean selfless action

Sakam Karma

Does not mean selfish action

Karma + desires/expectations = SK

Not always bad

Karma Sanyas

Sakam karma – mundane karma = KS (desires still present)

Nishkam karma – mundane karma = KS

Nishkam Karma Frees from bondage of karma No effort of nishkam karma is wasted There are no obstacles in the path of nishkam karma Nishkam karma protects one from the greatest fears Nishkam karma leads to ek-buddhi (clarity)

Frees from bondage of karma

No effort of nishkam karma is wasted

There are no obstacles in the path of nishkam karma

Nishkam karma protects one from the greatest fears

Nishkam karma leads to ek-buddhi (clarity)

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