advertisement

G & D Ch. 14

67 %
33 %
advertisement
Information about G & D Ch. 14
Education

Published on February 12, 2009

Author: alxndr01

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood
advertisement

Chapter 14 Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood

Erikson’s Stage in Midlife Generativity vs. Stagnation People consider their contributions to their family, the community, & the society Guiding & encouraging future generations Leaving a lasting impression through creative, artistic output Looking at life continuing through your influence on others Stagnation: focusing on the trivial areas of life, feeling of not contributing to the world, & one’s presence doesn’t amount to much

Generativity vs. Stagnation

People consider their contributions to their family, the community, & the society

Guiding & encouraging future generations

Leaving a lasting impression through creative, artistic output

Looking at life continuing through your influence on others

Stagnation: focusing on the trivial areas of life, feeling of not contributing to the world, & one’s presence doesn’t amount to much

Other Views of Midlife Vaillant Keeping the meaning vs. rigidity Adults seek to extract the meaning from their lives by accepting the strengths & weaknesses of others The rigid become more isolated from others Gould Adults pass through 7 stages associated with specific age periods In late 30s-early 40s there’s an urgency to achieve goals & this reality propels them into adulthood Levinson Adult men pass through a series of stages beginning in early adulthood & going through midlife Early adulthood is leaving the family & pursuing the dream By late 30s, they settle down & establish themselves in career & family Between 40 & 45 is time of “midlife transition,” a time of questioning themselves & their life May lead to a “midlife crisis”

Vaillant

Keeping the meaning vs. rigidity

Adults seek to extract the meaning from their lives by accepting the strengths & weaknesses of others

The rigid become more isolated from others

Gould

Adults pass through 7 stages associated with specific age periods

In late 30s-early 40s there’s an urgency to achieve goals & this reality propels them into adulthood

Levinson

Adult men pass through a series of stages beginning in early adulthood & going through midlife

Early adulthood is leaving the family & pursuing the dream

By late 30s, they settle down & establish themselves in career & family

Between 40 & 45 is time of “midlife transition,” a time of questioning themselves & their life

May lead to a “midlife crisis”

Perspectives on Adult Personality Development Normative Crisis Model Personality develops in terms of fairly universal stages, tied to a sequence of age-related crises Critics say that stage models are outdated, coming from a time when gender roles were more rigid Life Events Model The timing of a particular event in an adult’s life, rather than age per se, determine the course of personality development An event at age 21 & the same event at 39 would cause the same emotional feelings Adulthood is not a time of passivity but of continued psychological growth

Normative Crisis Model

Personality develops in terms of fairly universal stages, tied to a sequence of age-related crises

Critics say that stage models are outdated, coming from a time when gender roles were more rigid

Life Events Model

The timing of a particular event in an adult’s life, rather than age per se, determine the course of personality development

An event at age 21 & the same event at 39 would cause the same emotional feelings

Adulthood is not a time of passivity but of continued psychological growth

The “Big Five” The Five Factor Model Paul Costa, Jr. & Robert McCrae Organizes personality traits into opposing factors and describes differences in personality using five categories. These traits have been see in cultures as widely divergent as American, German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. Factor Description of Traits  Extraversion vs. Sociable vs. Withdrawn Introversion Fun-loving vs. Sober Friendly vs. Aloof Adventurous vs. Cautious Neuroticism vs. Anxious vs. Relaxed Stability Insecure vs. Secure Emotional vs. Calm Self-pitying vs. Content Openness vs. Closed Original vs. Conventional To Experience Imaginative vs. Down-to-Earth Broad vs. Narrow Interests Open vs. Closed to New Ideas Agreeableness vs. Good-natured vs. Irritable Antagonism Soft-hearted vs. Ruthless Courteous vs. Rude Sympathetic vs. Tough-minded Conscientiousness vs. Well-organized vs. Disorderly Undirectedness Dependable vs. Undependable Hardworking vs. Lazy Ambitious vs. Easygoing

The Five Factor Model

Paul Costa, Jr. & Robert McCrae

Organizes personality traits into opposing factors and describes differences in personality using five categories. These traits have been see in cultures as widely divergent as American, German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese.

Factor Description of Traits



Extraversion vs. Sociable vs. Withdrawn

Introversion Fun-loving vs. Sober

Friendly vs. Aloof

Adventurous vs. Cautious

Neuroticism vs. Anxious vs. Relaxed

Stability Insecure vs. Secure

Emotional vs. Calm

Self-pitying vs. Content

Openness vs. Closed Original vs. Conventional

To Experience Imaginative vs. Down-to-Earth

Broad vs. Narrow Interests

Open vs. Closed to New Ideas

Agreeableness vs. Good-natured vs. Irritable

Antagonism Soft-hearted vs. Ruthless

Courteous vs. Rude

Sympathetic vs. Tough-minded

Conscientiousness vs. Well-organized vs. Disorderly

Undirectedness Dependable vs. Undependable

Hardworking vs. Lazy

Ambitious vs. Easygoing

The Family in Midlife Marriage Satisfaction declines after marriage & falls to the lowest after childbirth Begins to climb after child’s teens & reaches highest when they leave See spouse as “best friend” & marriage as a long-term commitment See spouse as growing more interesting over the years Sex life, though less frequent, is more satisfying

Marriage

Satisfaction declines after marriage & falls to the lowest after childbirth

Begins to climb after child’s teens & reaches highest when they leave

See spouse as “best friend” & marriage as a long-term commitment

See spouse as growing more interesting over the years

Sex life, though less frequent, is more satisfying

The Family in Midlife Satisfaction keeps falling 1 in 8 women divorce after 40 Reasons: 1. Spending less time together 2. Feel more concern for personal happiness & leave the marriage 3. Divorce is more accepted now 4. Wives feel less dependent on their husbands economically & emotionally 5. Feelings of romance & passion subside 6. Stress in the household with both parents working 75%-80% remarry within 2-5 years Less than 1/3 of women over 40 remarry

Satisfaction keeps falling

1 in 8 women divorce after 40

Reasons:

1. Spending less time together

2. Feel more concern for personal happiness & leave the marriage

3. Divorce is more accepted now

4. Wives feel less dependent on their husbands economically & emotionally

5. Feelings of romance & passion subside

6. Stress in the household with both parents working

75%-80% remarry within 2-5 years

Less than 1/3 of women over 40 remarry

Empty Nest Syndrome When last child leaves home Feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, & depression Worse for stay-at-home moms Benefits: 1) Can work harder 2) More time alone 3) House stays cleaner 4) Phone doesn’t ring as often

When last child leaves home

Feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, & depression

Worse for stay-at-home moms

Benefits:

1) Can work harder

2) More time alone

3) House stays cleaner

4) Phone doesn’t ring as often

Boomerang Children Young adults return to live with middle age parents Reasons: 1. Unable to find work 2. Difficult to make ends meet 3. Break-up of marriage Men are more likely to come back than women Parents give sons more freedom Parents’ reactions are both + & -

Young adults return to live with middle age parents

Reasons:

1. Unable to find work

2. Difficult to make ends meet

3. Break-up of marriage

Men are more likely to come back than women

Parents give sons more freedom

Parents’ reactions are both + & -

Sandwich Generation Must fulfill the needs of both children & parents Due to: 1. Marrying & having children later 2. Parents living longer with care involving money to living in child’s home Problems: 1. Is difficult because of role reversal 2. Most of burden on wife Can be rewarding for children & parents

Must fulfill the needs of both children & parents

Due to:

1. Marrying & having children later

2. Parents living longer with care involving money to living in child’s home

Problems:

1. Is difficult because of role reversal

2. Most of burden on wife

Can be rewarding for children & parents

Work & Leisure Midlife is time of highest productivity, success, & money Midlife workers care more about the here-&-now qualities of work The older the worker the more overall job satisfaction they experience Job satisfaction is not universal Burnout (experience of dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, & weariness from the job) can occur “ Downsizing” can occur leaving one unemployed with ageism occurring Voluntary job change may occur Due to little satisfaction with the old job Achieved the challenges of the old job No longer enjoy what they do

Midlife is time of highest productivity, success, & money

Midlife workers care more about the here-&-now qualities of work

The older the worker the more overall job satisfaction they experience

Job satisfaction is not universal

Burnout (experience of dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, & weariness from the job) can occur

“ Downsizing” can occur leaving one unemployed with ageism occurring

Voluntary job change may occur

Due to little satisfaction with the old job

Achieved the challenges of the old job

No longer enjoy what they do

Work & Leisure Middle-age adults have 70 hours a week for leisure time Average middle-age adult watches 15 hours of TV per week Spend about 6 hours a week socializing Some volunteer their time U.S., Japan, & Western Europe have fast-paced lives

Middle-age adults have 70 hours a week for leisure time

Average middle-age adult watches 15 hours of TV per week

Spend about 6 hours a week socializing

Some volunteer their time

U.S., Japan, & Western Europe have fast-paced lives

Friendships Friendships in adulthood follow 5 identifiable stages: Acquaintanceship, Buildup, Continuation, Deterioration, & Ending If a friendship ends it depends mostly on availability of alternative relationships

Friendships in adulthood follow 5 identifiable stages:

Acquaintanceship, Buildup, Continuation, Deterioration, & Ending

If a friendship ends it depends mostly on availability of alternative relationships

Friendships People tend to have more acquaintances during young adulthood than later on Friendships important because, in part, life satisfaction is highly related to the quantity & quality of friends Friendships play a major role in determining how much we enjoy life 3 broad themes that underlie adult friendships The emotional basis of the friendship Refers to self-disclosure & expressions of intimacy, appreciation, affection, & support all of which are based on trust, loyalty, & communications

People tend to have more acquaintances during young adulthood than later on

Friendships important because, in part, life satisfaction is highly related to the quantity & quality of friends

Friendships play a major role in determining how much we enjoy life

3 broad themes that underlie adult friendships

The emotional basis of the friendship

Refers to self-disclosure & expressions of intimacy, appreciation, affection, & support all of which are based on trust, loyalty, & communications

Friendships The shared or communal nature of the friendship Friends participate in or support activities of mutual interest Sociability & compatibility Friends keep us entertained & are sources of amusement, fun, & recreation

The shared or communal nature of the friendship

Friends participate in or support activities of mutual interest

Sociability & compatibility

Friends keep us entertained & are sources of amusement, fun, & recreation

Friendships Gender differences in friendships Women tend to base friendships on more intimate emotional sharing & use friendships as a means to confide in others Getting together takes the form of discussing personal matters Have much more experience with intimate sharing early in life, & are more comfortable with vulnerability Men tend to base friendships on shared activities or interests Go to sporting events or talk sports with friends Competition is often part of friendships

Gender differences in friendships

Women tend to base friendships on more intimate emotional sharing & use friendships as a means to confide in others

Getting together takes the form of discussing personal matters

Have much more experience with intimate sharing early in life, & are more comfortable with vulnerability

Men tend to base friendships on shared activities or interests

Go to sporting events or talk sports with friends

Competition is often part of friendships

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Google Übersetzer

Der kostenlose Service von Google übersetzt in Sekundenschnelle Wörter, Sätze und Webseiten zwischen Deutsch und über 100 anderen Sprachen.
Read more

G.O.N.D. - Den Onkelz sei ein Fest!

G.O.N.D. – diese 4 Buchstaben stehen wie in Stein gemeißelt für das größte Festival im Bereich „Onkelz-Cover & Deutschrock“. Nach der Verkündung ...
Read more

dirty dolan boy | g.d - Ch. 14 - Wattpad

dirty dolan boy | g.d ... Ch. 14 Add. New Reading List. Vote. Ch. 14 732 ...
Read more

If Only |G.D| - Ch 14. Goodnight grayson pt. 2 - Wattpad

New Reading List. Vote. Ch 14. Goodnight grayson pt. 2
Read more

Human G & D - Ch 14 Flashcards | Quizlet

Start studying Human G & D - Ch 14. Learn vocabularly, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Read more

wetter.com: Wetter, Wettervorhersage, Wetterbericht, Reise

Aktuelles Wetter und 16-Tages Wettervorhersage für Ihren Ort. Mit Niederschlagsradar, Wetterwarnungen, Satellitenbildern und Spezialinformationen wie ...
Read more

G Hard 14 - Microsoft Store

G Hard 14 The Coredinator. 2014 • 14 Musiktitel • Electronic / Dance • Techno • G Hard Recordings (Club G ... D-Charged. G Hard 14. 3:52 Fr. 12.99
Read more

Google

Schweiz : Erweiterte Suche Sprachoptionen: Google.ch angeboten auf: English Français Italiano Rumantsch
Read more

G-14 Classified - Microsoft Store

G-14 Classified. E. 3:50 Fr. 1.60. 13. E Money World (Feat ... Young Dre D & Ba) Keak Da Sneak. G-14 Classified. E. 3:45 Fr. 1.60 Zusätzliche ...
Read more

Deutsche Bahn: bahn.de - Ihr Mobilitätsportal für Reisen ...

Deutschlands beliebtestes Reise- und Mobilitätsportal: Auskunft, Bahnfahrkarten, Online-Tickets, Länder-Tickets, günstige Angebote rund um Urlaub und ...
Read more