advertisement

FYN Principle #2 - Water Efficiently

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about FYN Principle #2 - Water Efficiently

Published on May 7, 2009

Author: CCextension

Source: slideshare.net

Description

FYN Principle #2:
Right Plant, Right Place

Rebecca McNair & Allison Steele
Florida Yards & Neighborhoods Program
http://charlotte.ifas.ufl.edu
advertisement

Watering Efficiently Author: Rebecca McNair Edited by: Allison Steele Domestic Water Use Sources Depletion Conservation Efficient Water Use Plant Selection Turfgrass Areas Selecting Drought Tolerant Species Landscaped Beds Plant Maintenance How to Water Rain Catching Devices

Water Use In Florida Despite our location in the rainy southeast, Florida ranks high in several categories of water use Domestic-1st Mining-2nd Public-4th Irrigation-11th USGS, 1998

Despite our location in the rainy southeast, Florida ranks high in several categories of water use

Domestic-1st

Mining-2nd

Public-4th

Irrigation-11th

Plants Need Water… For cell growth and expansion For plant metabolism Transporting soil minerals to roots Physical support through turgor pressure Transporting sugars within the plant Cooling through transpiration

For cell growth and expansion

For plant metabolism

Transporting soil minerals to roots

Physical support through turgor pressure

Transporting sugars within the plant

Cooling through transpiration

What Can I Do? Right plant, right place Choose low maintenance plants and natives Group plants according to their water needs Use mulch Design a water efficient landscape:

Right plant, right place

Choose low maintenance plants and natives

Group plants according to their water needs

Use mulch

Water Use Efficiency Uncontrollable Factors Temperature Precipitation Sunlight Wind Soil texture Drainage Water quality Local water restrictions Controllable Factors Plant selection Plant placement Soil structure Mulching Irrigation Maintenance practices Human Tolerance Education

Uncontrollable Factors

Temperature

Precipitation

Sunlight

Wind

Soil texture

Drainage

Water quality

Local water restrictions

Controllable Factors

Plant selection

Plant placement

Soil structure

Mulching

Irrigation

Maintenance practices

Human Tolerance

Education

Based on research, 1,000 ft 2 of: requires 12,480 – 21,840 gallons of irrigation water/year require 6,240 gallons irrigation water/year Woody landscapes can conserve up to 15,600 gallons of irrigation water/year. Grass Woody plants in a mulched area

Functional Turf Areas Berms and Swales Excellent filter, and diminishes pollutants and stormwater run-off Recreational areas Resistant to foot traffic, produces oxygen and reduces temperature, glare, noise, and dust Pet areas

Berms and Swales

Excellent filter, and diminishes pollutants and stormwater run-off

Recreational areas

Resistant to foot traffic, produces oxygen and reduces temperature, glare, noise, and dust

Pet areas

Functional Landscaped Beds Screen a view Cover oddly-shaped areas difficult to mow or irrigate Plant a shady area where turf won’t grow Group plants for easy maintenance Provide color, shade, or windbreak Periwinkle Annuals, perennials, ground covers, shrubs or trees in a mulched area, to:

Screen a view

Cover oddly-shaped areas difficult to mow or irrigate

Plant a shady area where turf won’t grow

Group plants for easy maintenance

Provide color, shade, or windbreak

Drought Tolerant Turf Select drought tolerant turf varieties When establishing a new lawn, sod requires less water than seeding Follow maintenance guidelines to promote drought tolerance During extreme drought, slower growth and browning are normal! Very little water is required to keep the turf alive and turf recovers quickly once irrigation is resumed.

Select drought tolerant turf varieties

When establishing a new lawn, sod requires less water than seeding

Follow maintenance guidelines to promote drought tolerance

During extreme drought, slower growth and browning are normal! Very little water is required to keep the turf alive and turf recovers quickly once irrigation is resumed.

Selecting Drought Tolerant Turf Seashore Paspalum ‘SeaIsle Excellent drought tolerance Excellent salt tolerance Disease and pest resistant Tolerates flooding and some shade Mow at 1.5 – 2 inches in height Does require lot of mowing and fertilizing Seashore paspalum Paspalum vaginatum (Swartz)

Seashore Paspalum ‘SeaIsle

Excellent drought tolerance

Excellent salt tolerance

Disease and pest resistant

Tolerates flooding and some shade

Mow at 1.5 – 2 inches in height

Does require lot of mowing and fertilizing

Selecting Drought Tolerant Turf Bahiagrass Paspalum notatum Bahiagrass Argentine Good cold and drought tolerance Coarse, dense growth Wear tolerant Dormant in winter Poor salt and shade tolerance Mow at 3-4 inches

Bahiagrass Argentine

Good cold and drought tolerance

Coarse, dense growth

Wear tolerant

Dormant in winter

Poor salt and shade tolerance

Mow at 3-4 inches

Maintenance Guidelines for Drought Tolerant Turfgrass Never mow grass that needs water Never mow wet grass Keep blade sharp Clean cuts heal quickly and reduce water loss Mow lawn at the highest setting Taller grass has deeper, more extensive roots

Never mow grass that needs water

Never mow wet grass

Keep blade sharp

Clean cuts heal quickly and reduce water loss

Mow lawn at the

highest setting

Taller grass has deeper, more extensive roots

Turfgrass Maintenance Fertilize conservatively Rapid growth promotes thatch build-up Refer to UF/IFAS guidelines Remove thatch Thatch restricts water movement Use a stiff rake or coring tool to aerate the soil Thatch

Fertilize conservatively

Rapid growth promotes thatch build-up

Refer to UF/IFAS guidelines

Remove thatch

Thatch restricts water movement

Use a stiff rake or coring tool to aerate the soil

Thatch

Landscape Maintenance 2-3 inches of mulch in plant beds Improves water infiltration Reduces storm water runoff Reduces evaporation Prevents erosion Controls weeds Minimize pruning

2-3 inches of mulch in plant beds

Improves water infiltration

Reduces storm water runoff

Reduces evaporation

Prevents erosion

Controls weeds

Minimize pruning

When Do I Water? Early morning or evening Temperature is cool and wind is calm 40% - 60% of water applied evaporates in the afternoon sun! SWFWMD mandates: No watering between 10 AM and 4 PM Year - round!

Early morning or evening

Temperature is cool and wind is calm

40% - 60% of water applied evaporates in the afternoon sun!

SWFWMD mandates:

How Much? Apply ½ to ¾ inch water per application Soak soil thoroughly to promote a deeper, more drought tolerant root system Efficient watering wets only the root zone.

Apply ½ to ¾ inch water per application

Soak soil thoroughly to promote a deeper, more drought tolerant root system

Measure It Use a rain gauge, or… Place cans of equal diameter in random places underneath the sprinkler’s spray pattern Measure the depth of water in each can Add depth measurements & divide by the number of cans Determine the length of time it takes for your sprinkler system to deliver ¾ inch water.

Use a rain gauge, or…

Place cans of equal diameter in random places underneath the sprinkler’s spray pattern

Measure the depth of water in each can

Add depth measurements & divide by the number of cans

How Often? Water “as needed,” not routinely! Less frequently in the fall and winter Check with CCU or SWFWMD about water restrictions during drought Typically, Florida’s rainy season is June - September.

Water “as needed,” not routinely!

Less frequently in the fall and winter

Check with CCU or SWFWMD about water restrictions during drought

Watering Tips Learn to recognize when plants need water In the heat of midday, some plants wilt. No amount of water will change this. If the plant is still wilted by evening, water it then. Wilting azalea

Learn to recognize when plants need water

In the heat of midday, some plants wilt. No amount of water will change this. If the plant is still wilted by evening, water it then.

Water “As Needed” Folded leaflets, a blue color, and footprints that remain on the lawn are indications of a lawn that needs water.

Too much of a good thing? Over watering occurs when water is applied too frequently or in excessive amounts Encourages growth of fungi and bacteria Promotes a shallow root system Reduces oxygen to the roots, causing stress Encourages weed growth Pennywort is a good indication of an over watered lawn.

Over watering occurs when water is applied too frequently or in excessive amounts

Encourages growth of fungi and bacteria

Promotes a shallow root system

Reduces oxygen to the roots, causing stress

Encourages weed growth

Irrigation Systems Calibrate the sprinkler system Install a rain shut-off device** Have your sprinkler system “tuned up” yearly Replace worn hose and faucet washers Rain Shut-off Device

Calibrate the sprinkler system

Install a rain shut-off device**

Have your sprinkler system “tuned up” yearly

Replace worn hose and faucet washers

Efficient Irrigation Separate lawn zones from landscape zones Convert landscape beds to drip or low volume irrigation Divert sprinklers to avoid spraying water on sidewalks and streets

Separate lawn zones from landscape zones

Convert landscape beds to drip or low volume irrigation

Divert sprinklers to avoid spraying water on sidewalks and streets

Low Volume Sprinklers Micro-jet sprinkler Drip emitters Micro-irrigation can improve watering efficiency.

Tips on Conserving Water Use recycled or gray water to irrigate From showers or washing machines, but not toilets Direct downspouts toward beds or lawn Cover pools and hot tubs to prevent evaporation

Use recycled or gray water to irrigate

From showers or washing machines, but not toilets

Direct downspouts toward beds or lawn

Cover pools and hot tubs to prevent evaporation

Rain Barrels Collect and harvest rain water for irrigation purposes Rainwater runs off roof into the barrel from the downspout A screen fastened over the inlet prevents leaves or insects from entering

Collect and harvest rain water for irrigation purposes

Rainwater runs off roof into the barrel from the downspout

A screen fastened over the inlet prevents leaves or insects from entering

Cisterns Imply greater storage capacity and a bit more engineering Water travels by gravity or pump action Diagram after Ray Bucklin

Imply greater storage capacity and a bit more engineering

Water travels by gravity or pump action

Diagram after Ray Bucklin

Further Reading http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu Fact Sheet WRC-11: Conserving Water in the Home Landscape ENH-70: Coping with Drought in the Landscape Circular 807: Drought Tolerant Plants for North and Central Florida ENH-860: Fertilization and Irrigation Needs for Florida Lawns and Landscapes ENH-72: Landscape Design for Water Conservation

Fact Sheet WRC-11: Conserving Water in the Home Landscape

ENH-70: Coping with Drought in the Landscape

Circular 807: Drought Tolerant Plants for North and Central Florida

ENH-860: Fertilization and Irrigation Needs for Florida Lawns and Landscapes

ENH-72: Landscape Design for Water Conservation

Add a comment

Related pages

FYN Principle #2 - Water Efficiently

FYN Principle #2 - Water Efficiently. Homeowners in some parts of Florida are becoming accustomed to restrictions that limit irrigation to certain days and ...
Read more

FYN Principle #2: Water Efficiently - University of Florida

FYN Principle #2: Water Efficiently ... Neighborhoods principle number two: water efficiently. By choosing and operating a watering system correctly,
Read more

Principle #2 - Charlotte County Extension Service

FYN Principle #2 - Water Efficiently Approximately 40% to 60% of residential water use goes to outdoor water needs. You can make a huge impact in ...
Read more

#2: Water Efficiently

THE FLORIDA YARDS & NEIGHBORHOODS HANDBOOK • 2009 • Always follow any water restrictions in your area. • Water early in the morning. • Irrigate ...
Read more

Water Efficiently - Florida Friendly Living

Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Principle # 2: Water Efficiently "Living green" means we are seeking ways to live wisely and pass on Florida intact or even ...
Read more

FFL Principle #2: Water Efficiently - University of Florida

FFL Principle #2: Water Efficiently . ... FFL Principle 2: Water Effeciently ... FYN, water, irrigation, conservation, ...
Read more

Handbook - University of Florida

LANDSCAPING PRINCIPLES FOR ... YARDS EFFICIENTLY WATER EFFICIENTLY 66 39. ... directly delivery small volumes of water. Photo by: Jim Phillips FYN Glossary ...
Read more

FFL Home Landscape Recognition Checklist - Florida ...

FFL Home Landscape Recognition Checklist ... (FYN) branch of ... FFL Principle #2: Water Efficiently
Read more

Florida-Friendly Lanscaping Principles - Florida Yards ...

Florida Yards & Neighborhoods ... Water Efficiently. ... FYN: Lynn Barber; Calendar. Lawn & Garden Calendar; Florida Yards.
Read more