Futures on India VIX - NVIX

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Information about Futures on India VIX - NVIX

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: nseonline

Source: slideshare.net


The global financial crisis has re-emphasised the impact of volatility on portfolios. Post the financial
crisis investors started exploring various options to hedge their portfolios against changing
volatility. Focus to index exposure, diversifying across asset-classes and volatility as one of the
asset classes have emerged. Exchange traded products on volatility have picked up.
Volatility can be measured through volatility indices. The first volatility index was VIX introduced at
CBOE. The volatility index is also introduced in several developed and emerging markets. These
volatility indices are measure of market expectation of volatility over a short-term period.
In India, National Stock Exchange of India Ltd has constructed a volatility index called India VIX*

Derivatives on Volatility Indices
Globally exchanges are offering derivative products based on the volatility index. These products
have become quite popular among the participants as it expands the opportunities available to
participants and provide efficient means to hedge against volatility. Some studies have also shown
that derivatives on volatility indices can be useful for portfolio diversification and hedging.
Volatility indices enable market participants to trade expected changes in market volatility in a
single transaction. Investors expecting rising volatility levels will go long, whereas investors
expecting decline in volatility will be short.
Trading Volatility with India VIX Futures
India VIX Futures enables participants to more easily hedge, trade and arbitrage the expected
volatility. Benefits of India VIX futures are as under:
 India VIX futures can be used to hedge equity portfolios
 Investors can diversify the portfolio by adding India VIX futures
 Option traders can hedge Vega risk in their option portfolios
 Investors will be able to take directional views on volatility
 Calendar spread trading can be explored across weekly contracts.

1 NVIX Futures

2 India VIX: Volatility Index • India VIX* is India’s first volatility index • Based on the methodology used by CBOE for VIX index • Indicates investor’s perception of volatility in near term • Represents expected volatility of Nifty over 30 calendar days • India VIX historical data available from Mar 02, 2009 • India VIX is calculated up to 4 decimals with a tick size of 0.0025 (for e.g. 18.1075) * “VIX” is a trademark of Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated ("CBOE") and Standard & Poor’s has granted a license to NSE, with permission from CBOE, to use such mark in the name of the India VIX and for purposes relating to the India VIX.

3 India VIX Computation • India VIX based best bid-ask quotes of OTM strikes • Nifty near and mid option contract used • Mid and Far option contract quotes used with 3 days to expiry • Variance (volatility squared) computed separately for near and mid month expiry • Interpolated to get a single variance with a constant maturity of 30 days • Square root of variance is India VIX value

4 Relationship between India VIX and Nifty • Negative correlation observed between India VIX and Nifty • India VIX at high levels implies a market expectation of higher volatility and vice versa

5 NVIX Futures – Contract Specifications Underlying India VIX Index Symbol INDIAVIX Instrument Type FUTIVX Lot Size 750 Quotation Price India VIX Index *100 Contract Value No. of contracts * Lot Size * NVIX Futures price Tick Size Rs. 0.25 Trading Hours 9:15 AM to 03:30 PM Expiry Day Tuesday Contract Cycle 3 Weekly contracts Daily Settlement Price Last half hour's weighted average price of futures Final Settlement Price Closing price of the underlying index Final Settlement Procedure Cash Settlement Final Settlement day All open positions on expiry date shall be settled on the next working day of the expiry date (T+1)

6 Contract Price of NVIX Futures • India VIX index values are calculated in 4 decimals. Example 14.1325 • A trader wants to buy 1 futures contract of volatility index at 14.1475 • Price to be quoted: 1414.75 (14.1475 * 100) • Contract Value = No of contracts * lot size * Quoted price Rs.10,61,062.50 = 1 * 750 * 1414.75 India VIX Value India VIX Futures Price Contract Value Current Price 14.1325 1414.75 Rs.10,61,062.50 1 tick change 14.1350 1415.00 Rs.10,61,250.00 Impact 0.0025 0.25 Rs.187.50 Impact of 1 tick change

7 Clearing, Settlement and Risk Management • Clearing and Settlement – Daily mark-to-market and settlement on T+1 day – Final settlement on expiry + 1 day – Pay-in obligation to be netted with other contracts in F&O • Risk Management – Margins computed using SPAN – Minimum initial margin of 9%, Exposure margin of 5%


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