Published on October 15, 2007
Editorial Development The Thomson Scientific Database – Building on our Foundation: Editorial Development The Thomson Scientific Database – Building on our Foundation Jeff Clovis Director, Customer Education & Sales Support Americas, Europe, the Middle East & Africa Academic & Government Markets Jeff.Clovis@thomson.com Slide2: The Foundation Quality Diversity Depth Superior Collection Development Unique Data In-house Editorial Development Specialists – ongoing detailed journal evaluation and selection processes. Sciences – to 1900, A Century of Science Social Sciences – to 1956 Arts & Humanities – to 1975 Journal selectivity, Cover-to-Cover Indexing, Diversity, Consistency, Depth. Author Cited References for over 105 years Coverage of over 230 disciplines in the Sciences, Social Sciences, and Arts & Humanities Comprehensive coverage in all disciplines. Slide3: Our Goal Build and maintain a multidisciplinary collection of world’s most important and influential international and regional journals. Professional librarians, information specialists, graduate degrees in science or humanities. When are journals evaluated for coverage? On an ongoing basis throughout the year. Thomson Scientific Editorial Development Journal Selection Process Objective Applied consistently to ALL publishers Credible Comprehensive Coverage and Consistent Indexing: Cover to cover Indexing assures no gaps in the literature All document types applied consistently across all titles to ensure precise searching across disciplines Capture all cited references to articles in covered journals and to articles in journals not covered. ~40 million per year – consistently indexed – standardization What does this mean for the users at your institutions? -- presentation of “the best” body of journal information within their areas of interest. Undergraduates – the vast majority just don’t know enough about individual journals to make these determinations on their own. They may simply take whatever they find -- and in the Web of Science they find quality by default. Graduates/PhDs – Require a focus on what is most influential as their own academic intensity increases dramatically. They must quickly become familiar with the top publications of relevance to their studies. Faculty – A multitude of benefits. Efficient, Quality Current Awareness within their fields. Citation-tracking capabilities across decades. Where should I publish? – Web of Science journals are in fact the journals included within the Journal Citation Reports. Research Administrators What is the Impact of Funded Research and Where should I continue to Invest Comprehensive Coverage and Consistent Indexing Global acceptance of Web of Science as the premium Cited Reference Resources: North America 667 WoS customers in 2 countries Asia-Pacific 297 WoS customers in 25 countries Latin America 229 WoS customers in 11 countries Europe, Africa & Middle East 1,550 WoS customers in 47 countries Worldwide 2,858 WoS customers in 85 out of 134 targeted countries Global acceptance of Web of Science as the premium Cited Reference Resources Slide6: The ISI Web of Knowledge is anchored by Thomson Scientific premium core content, complemented by carefully selected partner content, and supported by powerful tools Thomson Scientific Premium Content Advantage -- powerful search options: Simple Quick Search - Easy General Search - Flexible Advanced Search Valuable Cited Reference Index and Search for Full Citation Tracking Citation-based Related Records Reveal Research Pathways Robust Navigation - Currency and Depth! Integrated Citation Pathways for Richer Discovery Across Databases: e.g. BIOSIS Previews “Times Cited” link to Web of Science Article-level Citation info to Journal Impact: Web of Science to Journal Citation Reports Institutional Impact to Article Citation: Essential Science Indicators to Web of Science Advantage -- powerful search options Depth, Breadth, & Quality—January 2006: Journals & Serials Technical Reports Conference Proceedings Books Dissertations Patents 1969 Life Sciences 1910 Agriculture & Applied Life Sciences 1969 Food Science & Technology 1900 ALL DISCIPLINES -- Science, Social Science, Arts & Humanities 1966 12 Million+ Inventions – Chem-Biochem, Engineering, Electronics 1990 ALL DISCIPLINES -- Science, Social Science, Arts & Humanities 1950 Clinical Medicine 1978 Zoology – Taxonomy, Biodiversity Physics, Electr Eng, Computing 1898 Depth, Breadth, & Quality—January 2006 Web of Science -- Citation Navigation: 2004 Cited References 2000 1998 2001 1993 2003 Times Cited Related Records 2003 2004 1999 2002 1994 2004 Citing From just a single record within the Web of Science, expand your search by simply following the links designed to drive discovery. … moving Backward in time via Cited References, Forward in time via Times Cited, and expand your search with Related Records. Web of Science -- Citation Navigation Slide10: Enhance your digital library in the Multidisciplinary Sciences, Social Sciences and Arts & Humanities Web of Science back files enable researchers to discover and link to electronic full-text archives, helping to complete the path of research in over 230 disciplines. Researchers, administrators and students will be able to access their institution’s historic papers, discovering which peers have common interests and potential areas for collaboration. The value of Web of Science Backfiles… Web of Science serves the entire research community at all institutions. Covering all subject areas: 230 disciplines of the sciences, social sciences and arts & humanities. The Century of ScienceExtending Web of Science Retrospective Data to create a Century of Science: The Century of Science Extending Web of Science Retrospective Data to create a Century of Science The world’s richest retrospective archive of science data – 1900-1944. Editorial Selection Examination of citation patterns within the Web of Science 1945 - present, to identify influential sources. Assessment of multidisciplinary representation within the core group of high-impact journals of this era. Multidisciplinary Coverage The result is coverage of most influential scholarly journals from 1900 – 1944, with broad and even coverage of all scientific disciplines and geographic regions. Language of articles 1900-1944 English - 67% German - 22% French - 11% Disciplines covered 1900 -1944 Physical-Chemical-Mathematical Sciences & Engineering - 35% Biology & Life Sciences - 30% Medicine - 30% Multidisciplinary Sciences - 5% Slide12: 1900 2000 Web of Science 1900 -2000 The Foundations of Today’s Research – Covering the most important research of the 20th Century Innovative and continually refined…: Innovative and continually refined… The Web of Science - the Trusted Resource for revealing the World’s Archive of Science The Web of Science s the ideal platform for searching this authoritative historical archive and instantly accessing the publishers full text. As you increase your investment in full text resources, Web of Science helps identify and access the most important full text papers of the 20th Century as well as re-discover fundamental papers that were previously overlooked. “ Open Archive Journals Leading STM Publisher Archives Springer, Wiley, Elsevier Not for Profit, Scholarly and Academic Press Publications Full Text Aggregators JSTOR Slide14: Managing Science with the Web of Science Created for bibliographic purposes Also provides a view of the activities of science and scientists. Evaluate research role of Journals Scientists Organizations Communities Slide15: Total papers – Czech Republic – 1981-2005 Slide16: Total Citations – Czech Republic – 1981-2005 Slide17: Citation Impact – Czech Republic – 1981-2005 Slide18: Impact Relative to World Impact Managing Science…Web of Science: Managing Science…Web of Science Define Relationships between Individual Journals Journals and fields of study Measure impact of current research Spot trends in scholarship Measure citation rates and citation links Managing Science…Web of Science: Managing Science…Web of Science Provide measures useful in Managing Science: Quantitative Objective Fundamental Allocate resources – Measure Progress Slide21: What is our Purpose? Build and maintain a multidisciplinary collection of world’s most important and influential international and regional journals. Who are we? Professional librarians, information specialists, graduate degrees in science or humanities. When are journals evaluated for coverage? On an ongoing basis throughout the year. Editorial Development - Background Journal Selection Process: Journal Selection Process Objective Applied consistently to ALL publishers Credible Search >>> Measure >>> Evaluate Slide23: Web of Science - Journal Selection Process Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) Citation analysis Self Citation Rate Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) Journal Selection Process: Journal Selection Process Web of Science is comprehensive but not all inclusive. Small number of journals publish the bulk of significant scientific results. 300 journal produce more than half of what is cited and nearly a third of what is published. 3,000 journals produce 80% of published articles and 95% of cited articles. 2,200 journals evaluated annually 10% accepted Slide25: First – Why is it that ISI performs extensive journal “evaluations” to determine the content of its indexes? Why this approach to journal coverage? From the beginning, it was determined by ISI founder Dr. Eugene Garfield that ISI journal indexes would present a select body of the world’s scholarly journals – those which display a significant level of international influence within their respective disciplines of study. Slide26: Basic Journal Publishing Standards Editorial Content Citation Analysis The Components: Notes: We are “publisher-neutral”, no special consideration is given to a particular publisher. Commercial, academic, open-access, etc. – all publishers are treated the same with regard to individual journal evaluations. Journal evaluations are “discipline-specific”, meaning that we only make comparisons of journals publishing research within the same subject category. In the Social Sciences, ISI utilizes between 50 and 60 subject categories. ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Slide27: Basic Journal Publishing Standards Editorial Content Citation Analysis The Components: Timeliness of Publication – the ability to meet a pre-established publication schedule. This is very important, and is the reason why we typically examine three subsequently published issues at minimum, and often more. International Publishing Conventions – complete bibliographic information for journals, articles, and cited references. Peer Review English language article titles, abstracts, and keywords are highly desirable – in order to reach the widest possible audience. ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Slide28: ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Basic Journal Publishing Standards Editorial Content Citation Analysis The Components: Editorial Scope -- topics covered. Desirable? -- the nature of overall content (original papers, review articles, “methods” papers, etc.) -- appropriate intellectual level International Diversity of Editors and Authors – diversity is a very positive aspect as it serves to globalize the collection. Subjective considerations are important here. Essentially -- “What does this journal bring to the ISI database, to our collection of influential titles?” Slide29: Basic Journal Publishing Standards Editorial Content Citation Analysis The Components: Journal Level – if the journal has been in existence for several years, a citation history will be available. This of course can be extremely valuable to the process. Measure of overall Citations, and approximate Impact Factor and Immediacy Index would be typical statistics utilized. Authors and Editors – an examination of individual citation histories for authors and editors is quite important, and in the case of a new journal is the only indication of the potential citation influence of that publication. ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Slide30: …Journal Selection Citation Analysis Crystallography Fewer Articles, Fewer Citations Biotechnology, Genetics Many Articles, Many Citations Arts & Humanities Slow citation growth Life Sciences Rapid citation growth Slide31: Basic Journal Publishing Standards Editorial Content Citation Analysis The Components: ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Comparing Results and Making Selections Journals under evaluation are compared to journals that are already covered in the ISI database as well as other journals under evaluation – again this is done within the realm of specific subject categories. In consideration of all factors, we look to include journals that display a clear level of influence as well as enhancing the subject coverage of the ISI database. Going Forward... Slide32: ... Journal Selection Citation Analysis - Established Journals Impact Factor: …the average number of times recent articles in a journal were cited in a particular year. Slide33: ... Journal Selection Citation Analysis Emerging Infectious Diseases 2004 Impact factor: 5.643 Slide34: Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Impact Factor Calculation Journal: Emerging Infectious Diseases Impact Factor: 5.643 Cites in 2004 to articles published in : 2003 = 1,577 2002 = 1,572 02 + 03 = 3,149 Number of articles published in: 2003 = 281 2002 = 277 02 + 03 = 558 Calculation: Cites to recent articles 3,149 = 5.643 Number of recent articles 558 Slide35: Journal Citation Reports (JCR) -- Science Edition Journal: Emerging Infectious Diseases Impact Factor: 5.643 Self citation rate: 8.80% 279 self citations / 3,149 Cites (02+03) Journal of Original Research 374 articles published in 2004 371 Original Research Papers 3 Review Articles Open Access Journal Slide36: …Journal Selection Citation Analysis Self Citations: 80% of all journals listed in the JCR Science Edition have self-citation rates of less than 20%. Excessive self-citation weakens the integrity of the journal’s Impact Factor. Building on the foundation of Thomson Citation Indexing: Building on the foundation of Thomson Citation Indexing Find the most important articles / journals of the 20th Century – Web of Science - Century of Science Cited Half Life > 9.5 years: 1,100 Science journals 400 Social Science journals Cited reference searching: Powerful tool in the discovery process Effective measure of author importance/influence. Slide38: Social Sciences Citation Index 1,798 journals – 50 subject categories All journals meet Thomson ISI selection criteria. Evaluation is ongoing. Citation rates and Impact generally lower than for journals in the Natural Sciences due the nature of the subjects covered. Citations rise, peak, and decline. Importance of regional studies. Slide39: ISI Journal Evaluations - Traditional Within the Social Sciences, as of 2005 our journal evaluations are in fact evolving beyond the criteria defined in our “traditional” processes. Why? Slide40: Chile – CONICYT 50+ Institutions Brazil - CAPES 130 Institutions Spain - FECYT 270+ Institutions Australia - AVCC 40+ Institutions Portugal - OCTC 90+ Institutions Sweden - BIBSAM 30+ Institutions South Africa – SASLI 15 Institutions In the past five years the use of the Social Science Citation Index has expanded dramatically through use of the Web of Science database. Just a few examples are listed here. Over 2,700 institutions/universities altogether Slide41: Molecular Biology in Spain = Molecular Biology in the US Organic Chemistry in Germany = Organic Chemistry in the UK In the Natural Sciences... The conditions for research within the “natural sciences” are physically unaffected by country, culture, societal structure, etc. A molecule is a molecule, a chemical reaction a chemical reaction, regardless of “nationality”. In the Social Sciences... Of course we know that for most of the social sciences, outside of fundamental theory, this is not the case – educational, legal, social service systems, policies, etc. vary greatly from country to country, differentiating social science research. Slide42: ISI Journal Evaluations – Moving Forward in the Social Sciences Given the great international expansion of our user base over the past five years, and the fact that much of the world’s Social Science research is “locally influenced” -- we acknowledge that ISI must modify our traditional journal evaluation procedures with regard to Social Sciences. A more “localized” view is necessary in order to better serve this international user base. How will we do this? – through communication with academic institutions in many countries where the Web of Science is widely utilized. Recommendations for key titles in the Social Sciences will be solicited. What does this mean for ISI journal coverage? – over the next year, it most certainly means our expansion of coverage of non-US and non-UK social science publications. Slide43: ISI Journal Evaluations – Moving Forward in the Social Sciences This is a new approach for ISI, and we will proceed carefully. However, the processes of communication have already begun. We are in the process of establishing organized processes for incorporating input from academic institutions into our social science journal evaluation processes. As an example – We have been in communication with FECYT regarding the potential coverage of a set of recommended Social science journals. Slide44: Arts & Humanities Citation Index 1,123 journals All journals meet Thomson ISI selection criteria. Journal Citation metrics not generally relevant in the Arts & Humanities. Citations cyclical varying with scholarly interest in the topic. We do not delete journals from A&HCI once they are selected due to the nature of subject changes. Slide45: Thank you. Visit the ISI Web site at http://www.isinet.com Self Citation Essay: http://www.isinet.com/essays/journalcitationreports/8236411/. Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
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