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fsa

Published on December 27, 2007

Author: Barbara

Source: authorstream.com

FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH (FSA):  FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH (FSA) DEFINITION :  DEFINITION Farming system is a complex inter-related matrix of soils, plants, animals, implements, labour and capital, inter-dependent farming enterprises. The farm is viewed in a holistic manner (multi-disciplinary approach) CONCEPT :  CONCEPT Simmonds (1984) clarified the FSA as follows: It is an academic activity comprising of theory, concepts, principles and approaches It creates an opportunity for developing diversified models for different types and categories of farmers New farming system models can be developed by means of on-farm research and extension Slide4:  Biggs (1985) explained the concept of FSA as follows: FSA requires commonly homogenous type of farmers It is an inter-disciplinary approach It is a participatory and bottom-up planning It is an approach to developing farm household systems It is built on the principles of productivity, profitability, stability and sustainability Complements component oriented approach to development OBJECTIVES OF FSA :  OBJECTIVES OF FSA To develop farm - household systems of rural communities on a sustainable basis To improve efficiency in farm production To raise farm and family income To increase welfare of farm families and satisfy basic needs DIFFERENT FARMING SYSTEMS :  DIFFERENT FARMING SYSTEMS The following farm enterprises could be promoted Agri+ Livestock Agri + Livestock + Poultry Agri + Horticulture Agri + Horticulture + Sericulture Agri + Fisheries + Duckery + Poultry etc., METHODOLOGY :  METHODOLOGY Analysis of existing farming system Identification of major socio-economic situations Understanding dominant enterprises and most common farming systems Analysis of economic viability of existing farming systems Understanding relationship between different enterprises within the system Analysis of linkages between different farming systems Slide8:  II. Understanding the modifications made in existing farming system by innovative farmers Understanding the changing scenario in rural areas and its impact on existing farming system Identification of new market opportunities and its impact and relevance to socio-economic situation Suitable modification made by innovative farm families in existing farming system Type of modification made ( diversification or intensification of the enterprises) Slide9:  New options recommended by the researchers Identification of new suggested options by researchers around each dominant enterprise Understanding the technological details about new options Slide10:  Economic analysis of recommended options : Analysis of relative profitability of recommended options as compared to existing farming system Understanding of implications of each options with regard to reallocation of resource Slide11:  Testing of recommended options Selecting representative village / farm families Training about technical skills Testing the effectiveness of recommended options

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