Published on February 20, 2014
From Ausvet Plan to Implementation Implementation of the National Preparedness plan and the use of Guidelines and Standard Operational Procedures Presented by Harm Kiezebrink Project manager Anoxia project N2GF © 1
OVERVIEW • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Emergency Response Management structure The Ausvet plan The National Emergency Operations Center Transforming guidelines into operations Functions on local response level Preparedness planning The 80 – 20 rule Pre-contracting non- Governmental professionals Culling techniques instead of untrained staff Job description for responders SOP’s for field operations Bringing outbreaks under control within 48 hours Anoxia: the principle of total lack of oxygen Matching Culling & Disposal N2GF © 2
The Ausvet Plan • • • • • It describes the guidelines that need to be followed during outbreak response activities It specifies the command structure Describes the directions for the response organization how to act during a crises It gives an overview of the tasks, roles and responsibilities of the responders, without going into details It does not describe in detail how the the activities need to be carried out N2GF © 3
Emergency Response Management structure • National: Policy, strategic planning and decision making • Regional: transforming strategic planning into tactical operational management: • coordination, inspection, public information • logistics, capacity management • veterinary, human health • Finance, registration & administration, contracting, information management • • Public safety, zoning & traffic control Local: Operational management N2GF © 4
Functions of the National Emergency Operations Center • Communication management – between involved ministries and advisory boards – Veterinary/human health departments, services & industry – National media • National coordination of regional operations – Logistics – Planning – Administration and finance N2GF © 5
Functions Regional Emergency Operations Center Transforming guidelines into operations Managing the Regional Command & Control operations •Coordination of all regional and local veterinary activities •Planning local culling & disposal capacity •Coordination of logistics, culling, disposal, cleaning & disinfection, waste management, pest control, HRM, etc. •Inspection & reporting on local operations •Financial management on regional/local response activities •Providing the infrastructure for administration •Briefing & debriefing governmental response members N2GF ©
Functions of a Local Response Center Operational management • Depopulation & Cleaning & Disinfection activities • Virus containment within the infected area • Human health of the responders • Human Resource Management • Management of equipment and materials • Personal protection and the safety of the responders • Transportation • Financial support • Registration and administration • Lodging, food & beverages • Traffic management N2GF © 7
Preparedness planning is essential • • Professionals – Job descriptions – Training – Simulation – Budgeting Field workers – Very strict management by professionals on the basis of Standard Operating Procedures – Training and simulation during response activities is not an option N2GF © 8
The 80 – 20 rule is valid A minority of 20% of all responders are well-trained Governmental and veterinary professionals •Veterinary staff •Governmental Advisors •Experts on culling & disposal •Human health specialists •Non- Governmental professionals (logistic, finance etc.) The majority 80% of the responders are untrained and unprepared fieldworkers N2GF © 9
Pre-contracting non- Governmental professionals is essential • Suppliers of logistic services • Suppliers of human resources • Suppliers of transport materials • Suppliers of technical equipment and materials • Suppliers of IT services and equipment N2GF © 10
Culling techniques instead of untrained staff • Reduce the number of responders • Reduce training efforts using trained emergency responders to carry out activities on the farm • Use simple and effective culling techniques that fit into existing response structures • Use disposable containers • Use tracking & tracing techniques N2GF © 11
Job description for each responder They describe the specific tasks, roles and responsibilities of the responders in details – Determine the position of the responder – Determine the role of the responder within the response organization – Describe responsibilities of the responder – Describe tasks of the of the responder – Qualifications of the responder N2GF © 12
Standard Operational Procedures for each field operation – The job titles, describing who is involved in carrying out the procedure, tasks & responsibilities, command structure, etc. – The preparation for the procedure, including description of the different phases – The sequent of events – Description of the materials and equipment needed and how to apply them to carry out the procedure – How to react in case of exceptional situations – Who needs to be briefed and debriefed N2GF © 13
Example: Planning of a culling operation As part of preparedness planning: pre-assessment of each farm • Using decision trees helps to get a better understanding of the kind of culling technique is the most appropriate • Culling can only start at the moment that the disposal/transportation of carcasses is arranged! • What are the critical processes that result in the success or failure of the culling operation? • What is plan B? N2GF © 14
Breaking up farms into standard approaches to bring outbreaks under control within 48 hours Not one farm is the same • Many small farms and backyard farming, demanding a standardized administrative-based approach, applying local authorities to control and incentives for farmers being actively involved in the operational processers (see the CORT handout for more info) • The focus of controlling outbreaks on large farms is on using techniques instead of human labor, following a wellprepared depopulation plan designed for the specific large farm (see the Important culling decision points handout) N2GF © 15
Standard culling techniques based on the principle of total lack of oxygen To be used to cull both small and large numbers • Disposable containers in combination with the Anoxia technique with the capacity to cull 100 – 6.000 birds within 6 hours (using a crew of 2 to 5 responders) • Using the Anoxia tunnel system (layers) with a capacity to cull 8.000 to 16.000 animals per hour, applying regular farm staff (mobile Anoxia nozzle cluster on top of cages or drivable for floor bred poultry) • Using Anoxia stable foaming system (floor bred animals) applying well-trained emergency responders and the standard generator- and compressor equipment of the local fire brigade N2GF © 16
Culling & disposal numbers of birds have to be a match What is the consequence of culling 16.000 birds per hour (348.000 per 24 hours)? • • • • • • • Each hour you create approx. 30 tons of carcasses that need to be processed At least 2 trucks with empty containers with a capacity of 20 tones need to be present on the infected premises IP at all time Every hour, 2 full trucks need to be completely cleaned and disinfected on the IP, taking at least 30 minutes per truck The total time involved per truck used is at least 4 hours before it can return to the IP, in case the trucks with carcasses have to drive over 30 km through local traffic to a disposal site, they have to be completely cleaned and disinfected at the disposal location before they return to the IP: The minimum transportation capacity is 12 to 16 trucks to match the capacity of 16.000 birds per hour (efficiency rate 75%) You have to hire 36 to 48 truck drivers, trained in the very basics of bio security and personal protection per 24 hours You need a disposal capacity of 720 tons per 24 hours, excluding disposal techniques like rendering N2GF © 17
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