Freud2004

50 %
50 %
Information about Freud2004
Others-Misc

Published on August 4, 2007

Author: Malbern

Source: authorstream.com

Freud: The Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality:  Freud: The Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality Dr. Kelley Kline FSU-Panama City I. Freud—1856-1939:  I. Freud—1856-1939 An Austrian Neurologist who became fascinated with studying hysteria. His clinical observations led him to form his controversial, but famous theory. Freud’s lectures in US (Clark U.) had a huge impact on field of psychology. II. Basic concepts of Psychoanalytic approach::  II. Basic concepts of Psychoanalytic approach: 1. We are motivated to satisfy instinctual needs (sexual)—libidinous energy. 2. Unconscious conflicts are forcibly kept from awareness; this influences our behavior. 3. Past events shape subsequent behavior. 4. Is a stage theory -Assumes one must pass each stage successfully to move on. III. Levels of Consciousness: Iceberg theory:  III. Levels of Consciousness: Iceberg theory 1. Conscious mind – like the top of the iceberg, only a small portion of our mind is accessible to us. 2. Preconscious mind – material that is unconscious, but can be easily brought into awareness. Moves back andamp; forth easily between conscious andamp; unconscious. 3. Unconscious mind – is completely outside of our awareness (could produce anxiety if made conscious). IV. Structures of Personality:  IV. Structures of Personality 1. Id – unconscious impulses that want to be gratified, without regard to potential punishment. Is source of psychic energy (libido). 2. Ego (primarily conscious) – tries to satisfy id impulses while minimizing punishment andamp; guilt. 3. Superego – the 'moral' center of our personality which tells us right from wrong (somewhat conscious). Life & Death Instincts::  Life andamp; Death Instincts: 1. Eros – the 'life' instinct. Motivates us to survive. 2. Thanatos- Death wish. From moment of birth we are striving towards our death. To release this tension, we externalize our aggression (act out toward others). Personality Development:  Personality Development Freud argued that personality development- is result of conflicts we resolve in childhood. We learn to satisfy id impulses while handling societal pressures. V. Psychosexual Stages of development::  V. Psychosexual Stages of development: 1. Oral (birth to 1 yr)- needs to be gratified orally (sucking, chewing, biting). 2. Anal (2yr)-needs met- through elimination of waste. Either retaining or expelling feces. 3. Phallic (3-5 yrs)-needs met through genital stimulation (self-stimulation). 4. Latency (6-12 yrs)-impulses dormant. 5. Genital (13+)-needs met through intercourse. During Phallic stage-2 complexes develop::  During Phallic stage-2 complexes develop: A. Oedipus complex: Male child wants to kill father andamp; replace him as mother’s sexual partner. Boy fears father will castrate him (castration anxiety), so he rejects his mother andamp; identifies with his father. B. Electra complex:  B. Electra complex Freud argued that females believe they’ve been castrated because they lack a penis. Girls interpret the clitoris as inferior to a penis (penis envy). Girls transform desire from mother to father andamp; become angry at mother for not protecting them from being castrated. Girls ultimately reject father andamp; identify with mother in healthy development. What happens if stages aren’t resolved?:  What happens if stages aren’t resolved? We become fixated at that stage andamp; don’t move on to the next stage. The concerns of that stage continue to dominate adult personality. Handling Anxiety:  Handling Anxiety Freud argued we need to reduce the anxiety associated with unpleasant thoughts. To do this, we reject unpleasant thoughts from the conscious mind andamp; force them into the unconscious mind. The 'ego' employs 'defense mechanisms' to regulate anxieties. VI. Defense mechanisms:  VI. Defense mechanisms 1. Repression: the suppression of unpleasant thoughts. We push unpleasant thoughts into unconscious so that we can’t access them. E.g., a child who is molested, may suppress the traumatic event so that he/she has no memory for the event. 2. Denial- refusing to believe something unpleasant has occurred.:  2. Denial- refusing to believe something unpleasant has occurred. We refuse to accept horrible news, even with evidence to the contrary. E.g., you hear a friend has died andamp; can’t believe it’s true. 3. Rationalization – we justify the actions or events that have happened.:  3. Rationalization – we justify the actions or events that have happened. E.g., A student who decides to forgo studying for an exam the night before andamp; goes out with friends. 4. Displacement- you take out your anger & frustration on a person or object not the actual target of your anger.:  4. Displacement- you take out your anger andamp; frustration on a person or object not the actual target of your anger. E.g., After being grilled by your boss, you go home andamp; yell at your partner or the dog/cat. 5. Projection – You attribute your negative characteristics to another person.:  5. Projection – You attribute your negative characteristics to another person. When people project their own faults onto others, they generally do not deny that they themselves possess those faults. E.g., Your partner tells you how selfish you are, when they are in fact selfish. 6. Reaction Formation – acting the opposite of how you feel. :  6. Reaction Formation – acting the opposite of how you feel. You do the opposite of how you feel to defend your own doubts. E.g., A person who doubts his faith may act like a religious zealot to defend his religion. 7. Sublimation – the transformation of an unacceptable impulse into an acceptable behavior.:  7. Sublimation – the transformation of an unacceptable impulse into an acceptable behavior. E.g., Aggressive impulses are transformed into the urge to engage in competitive sports. Most desirable way of dealing with unacceptable id impulses. VII. Psychoanalysis (psychodynamic)::  VII. Psychoanalysis (psychodynamic): Unconscious thoughts andamp; emotions are brought into awareness to be dealt with. Psychological problems – the result of unconscious processes. Bringing unpleasant unconscious thoughts into to consciousness, produces catharsis. A. Psychoanalytic methods::  A. Psychoanalytic methods: 1. Free Association – patient reports anything that comes to his/her mind. The psychoanalyst listens for links andamp; themes that might tie the patient’s fragmentary thoughts or remarks together. B. Dream analysis::  B. Dream analysis: Dreams have two types of content: Manifest content- actual events in dream. Latent content – hidden message in dream. Freud thought that each dream represents a form of wish fulfillment. The wish may be disguised, but it is always there. C. Transference:  C. Transference Feelings of love or other emotions (hatred) are expressed toward the therapist. These feelings are actually unconsciously felt toward others; the patient is projecting these feelings onto the therapist. This provides clues about the clients feelings about these other people. Criticisms of Freud’s theory::  Criticisms of Freud’s theory: 1.   Freud had no scientific data to support his theories. 2.   Freud’s theories (unconscious, libido, etc.) cannot be observed. 3.   Theory explains behavior (post-hoc) after the fact. 4.    Observations not representative of population. Pros of Freud’s theory:  Pros of Freud’s theory 1. Argued that childhood experiences are important in personality development. 2. Information outside of awareness does influence us. 3. Defense mechanisms—good descriptions of some of our behaviors.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

freud2004 - blogspot.com

Gender: male Industry: Student Occupation: student Location: North Hollywood : California : United States Disheveled, delighted, discouraged, diligent, and ...
Read more

O Mundo do Freud2004

Disk fragmentation leads to system slowdowns, PC crashes, slow startup and shutdown and sometimes to system failures. Auslogics Disk Defrag® is designed ...
Read more

Goodbye, Dr. Freud ™ (2004) Full. Movie - YouTube

Goodbye, Dr. Freud (2004) ™ Full Movie [HQ] HD QUALITY - Duration: 1:27:16. by Aucaman 301 views. 1:27:16 Sarah Brightman VS Amelia Brightman ...
Read more

Full Movie Marie und Freud Streaming Online

Marie und Freud (2004) Drama. Sie glänzte als Großnichte Napoleons und Prinzessin von Griechenland und Dänemark. Privat war Marie Bonaparte eine ...
Read more

Marie und Freud (2004) | Schauspieler, Cast & Crew

Besetzung und Cast & Crew von MARIE UND FREUD (2004) – Schauspieler: Catherine Deneuve, Heinz Bennent, Anne Bennent; Regie: Benoît Jacquot; Drehbuch ...
Read more

O Mundo do Freud2004: Emulator PS1 Emurayden 2.2

PSX Emulator allows you to play many popular Sony PlayStation games on your PC. You can run very fast & easy ps1 game on the Emurayden PSX .
Read more

Marie und Freud Filme Online Gucken Kostenlos - Film en ...

Marie und Freud (2004) Drama. Sie glänzte als Großnichte Napoleons und Prinzessin von Griechenland und Dänemark. Privat war Marie Bonaparte eine ...
Read more

Sigmund Freud - Alemannische Wikipedia

... Sigmund Freud. [2004], Rowohlt TB, Reinbek ²2006. ISBN 3-499-50693-9; Charles Rojzman: Freud, the Humanist. Open gate, London 1999 ISBN 1-871871-46-8 ...
Read more

Goodbye, Dr. Freud (2004) Film Anschauen & Downloaden ...

Goodbye, Dr. Freud (2004) Film Anschauen & Downloaden stream film kostenlos online anschauen und downloaden auf legal Deutsch
Read more

"Das Unheimliche" nach Sigmund Freud in Edgar Allan Poes ...

Freud 2004, S. 41). Alles dazwischen ist uns unbekannt, eine direkte Beziehung zwischen beiden Endpunkten unseres Wissens ist nicht gegeben."
Read more