Freshman Engineering 2007

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Information about Freshman Engineering 2007

Published on January 14, 2008

Author: Sever


Building Career Readiness from the Freshman Year— What You’d Better Know Right from the Start!:  Building Career Readiness from the Freshman Year— What You’d Better Know Right from the Start! Donald Asher Asher Associates (415) 543-7130 Why go to college?:  Why go to college? What is the purpose of going to college? What do you want out of it? Why do other people go to college? If you don’t know where you’re going, how will you know when you arrive? Why go to college… (UCLA study):  Why go to college… (UCLA study) A few big surprises…:  A few big surprises… Your undergraduate major is not a big factor Undergrad today = high school 1967 Grad school degree choice does matter The Ivy League is not a big factor Many flawed studies Admitted but didn’t go = same income Internships and co-op often matter more than your major A Major Decision:  A Major Decision Choosing a major is a major decision It is the second large decision a young adult makes (after choosing a college) However, contrary to what many think, it is not a decision with huge, irreversible, life-long consequences What It Is NOT:  What It Is NOT Choosing a major is NOT choosing a career Choosing a major is NOT choosing your future income Choosing a major is NOT choosing a graduate school, or what to study in graduate school Choosing a major does NOT determine your minor, or keep you from studying something totally unrelated on the side Here’s What Your Major Determines:  Here’s What Your Major Determines Choosing a major determines what you will study the most in college That’s it That’s all But, You May Need to Declare:  But, You May Need to Declare Some majors require early declaration, if you want to graduate on time: Engineering Nursing Architecture Music (sometimes) Take your gen ed early, so if you discover you want to change your major, you can, but… Changing your major later can delay graduation It Does Influence Career Options:  It Does Influence Career Options Choice of major does influence career options, but it does not determine them TRUTH You can get all kinds of jobs with any major… Q: What do these five people have in common? :  Q: What do these five people have in common?             Bank Officer                    Stock Market Analyst             Music Therapist             Director of Senior Citizens’ Center             Field Archeologist A: They were all French lit majors at the same college People I’ve Interviewed…:  People I’ve Interviewed… Engineering majors who went to law school or med Accounting major who became a nightclub manager … because he didn’t want to get up before noon Biology major who became a CPA (yes, he had to take some night classes) Art major who became CEO of a bank Education major and certified teacher who became children’s book department manager … because she discovered she didn’t like kids at all Psychology major who became a business consultant English major who went to medical school … with a full scholarship Career Prep vs. Education:  Career Prep vs. Education Undergraduate degree – education Graduate degree – specialization Your undergrad major may help you get a job one time, but your education is what will get you promoted again and again … and allow you to switch careers when that inevitably becomes necessary Cost of the Wrong Major:  Cost of the Wrong Major You might not be enthusiastic about your classes You might not reach your full potential What if Einstein had become a medical doctor? What if Picasso had become a civil engineer? Clueless?:  Clueless? Get career counseling Talk to your academic advisor Take career aptitude testing Go to Look at College Majors Handbook (JIST) Do exercises in How to Get Any Job with Any Major Don’t wait! Work on this now! Your Big Goal:  Your Big Goal Study something that you love to study, that gets you excited, that is fascinating to you Major? Minor?:  Major? Minor? Discuss… Why Art & Culture Matter:  Why Art & Culture Matter What is an educated person? Why Art & Culture Matter:  Why Art & Culture Matter Improves all your writing & speaking… The “Airport Delay” hiring test… You are invited to a business dinner… You are a guest at a top executive’s home… You are doing business in Europe or Latin America… (as opposed to Asia or the U.S.) Your hot new S.O. has a family very different from the one you grew up in… Prof. Janet Goebel: “Streetability” Think about Languages:  Think about Languages All careers are going global Requirement for some graduate schools Improve cultural understanding Improve your understanding of English To improve thinking Sample “Market” Languages:  Sample “Market” Languages Spanish Chinese (1 in 4) Japanese Arabic Indonesian Russian Korean French Best Languages for Thinking:  Best Languages for Thinking Greek Latin Lifetime Learning:  Lifetime Learning Once the province of medical doctors—Now required for long-term success in any field Your greatest asset over time is to be able to keep learning, to keep up with rapidly changing world, to evolve, and to stay competitive The Role of Activities:  The Role of Activities Fun Stress Relief Part of College Experience Meet People Gain Skills Employers Want Activities:  Activities Sports – Intercollegiate Sports - Intramural Newspaper Government – Elected and Appointed Speaker’s & Entertainment Committees Theatre Music Community Service Political Activism Residence Hall Advisor Research Assistant to Prof Admissions Guide Ethnic Affinity Club or Activist Group Professional/Career Affinity Club Academic Honor Society Informal (e.g., poetry readings, engineering competitions, etc.) What Recruiters Say:  What Recruiters Say “Students without activities may have poor social skills” Activities?:  Activities? Discuss… Skills valued by organizations that students often don’t have:  Skills valued by organizations that students often don’t have Sales, or at least the ability to persuade Excel (read and use a financial spreadsheet) Budgeting (plan and administer) Office equipment Formal business letter protocol Telephone etiquette Professional appearance (a must for 1st job) Where can you get these skills?:  Where can you get these skills? Student activities Campus Jobs Internships As a natural part of career exploration! Internships Are WAY More Important Than Your Major (SFSU study):  Internships Are WAY More Important Than Your Major (SFSU study) Documented Benefits of Internships: More likely to land job in industry of choice More job offers at graduation Higher starting salary Greater satisfaction with first job Extended exposure to a potential employer Twice as likely to land job requiring college Improve knowledge of industry, function, job titles, career paths (“editorial assistant” vs. “assistant editor”) More Benefits of Internships:  More Benefits of Internships More rapid advancement than non-interns Gain something substantive to put on resume Gain a job reference and hopefully letter of recommendation Solid lead with at least one potential future employer College credit (maybe) Salary (maybe) You learn what you don’t like Myths about Internships:  Myths about Internships Myths: Internships are hard to get, happen in the summer, never pay, etc. Fact: Internships can be full-time, part-time, even just a couple of hours a week, and happen in the summer, fall, winter, spring, and can be gotten at the last minute, and some even pay $$. Freshman should apply. Fact: It is true that the most competitive, summer internships take applications in the winter and early spring, i.e., starting right now Many industries prefer to hire from the internship pool :  Many industries prefer to hire from the internship pool Engineering / High Tech Politics Publishing (basically, all print media) Radio, Television, Film Advertising Arts Administration Nonprofits, NGOs, Philanthropical Orgs International Relations Tight labor market  everybody What Recruiters Say:  What Recruiters Say “If I see a student with a 4.0 and no internship, I wonder what’s wrong with them. If I have another student with worse grades but an internship and a good letter of recommendation, I’ll take the intern almost every time.” What Are Your Internship Plans?:  What Are Your Internship Plans? Discuss… Possibly the Biggest Influence on $:  Possibly the Biggest Influence on $ Graduate Education Relationship between Education and Lifetime Income:  Relationship between Education and Lifetime Income Bachelor’s degree is entry-level credential Add a master’s, earn $400,000 more (on average, way more for engineers) Add a doctorate, earn $1.3 million more Add a J.D. or M.D., earn $2.3 million more CAUTION: J.D. should come w/ warning label Unemployment rate for Ph.D.s: < 2 % Graduate School Facts:  Graduate School Facts You can major in engineering and go to medical school Many graduate schools of business prefer you not major in business You can major in anything and go to law school Almost half the people in graduate school are studying something they did not major in as an undergraduate Your Grad School Plans?:  Your Grad School Plans? Discuss… The Four Sources of Career Planning Trouble:  The Four Sources of Career Planning Trouble “Good at” vs. “Like to do” Vocation vs. Avocation Aspect of Job vs. the Whole Job Journey vs. Destination What about Recruiters?:  What about Recruiters? The number one recruiting category in the United States is … “Any Major”* Here’s a weird fact: One quarter of executives in high tech companies have liberal arts degrees, and liberal arts majors are overrepresented among CEOs, so don’t be one of those engineers who can’t talk about anything but techno *National Association of Colleges and Employers Recruiting Criteria:  Recruiting Criteria Top Ten Characteristics NACE Recruiters Seek, in order of importance… Communication skills Honesty/integrity Teamwork skills Interpersonal skills Motivation/initiative Strong work ethic Analytical skills Flexibility/adaptability Computer skills Self confidence Any Major Can Prepare You for Career Success:  Any Major Can Prepare You for Career Success If you can prove you have the skills listed above, you are “career ready” Don’t overestimate the desirability of your engineering or technical skills Employers are looking for a “total package” and that includes soft skills How Do You Prove Skills?:  How Do You Prove Skills? With your major or minor With your on-campus activities and leadership opportunities With internships With your work experience With volunteer and service experiences What about Family Pressures?:  What about Family Pressures? And, just because it matters, what majors are your family encouraging you to pursue? Do you have the disposition, interest, and talent for such majors? (e.g., for economics and engineering, you have to have some talent for math; for medicine, you have to get past organic chem) Of those, which are you even remotely interested in???? College career planning…:  College career planning… Career ideation is the responsibility of the student Should start in the first year Need time to be mistaken! Don’t ask, “What can I do with a degree in ____________.” Ask, “What do I want to do????” Three Steps to Success:  Three Steps to Success Career Ideation Career Exploration Career Search Three to Five Goals:  Three to Five Goals “Something to do with the environment” vs. “Industrial level recycling of post-consumer electronics, as in container loads or larger, and global trade in such materials” Do and discuss… Your Goals for This Semester:  Your Goals for This Semester Identify a job target of interest Find someone doing that job right now Talk to them That’s it. This simple process can change your life… Repeat until retired… Why Do You Do this Now?:  Why Do You Do this Now? College students are like puppies and kittens Investigate & Test Career Ideas:  Investigate & Test Career Ideas Talk to career center about career ideas Write a paper about a career choice Shadow someone for a day who has that career Ask family/friends/connections about their careers Call up alumni and interview them Get an internship Take a class on the topic Reality vs. Popular Culture:  Reality vs. Popular Culture Reality: 5% of a litigator’s time in court; 70% of attorneys want out Reality: Law school loans force idealistic (but not wealthy) young lawyers into corporate law or major firm Reality: The real CSI is about laboratory sciences, not chasing bad guys Get the real story, not a naïve idea from TV Three summers…:  Three summers… First summer: Adventure? Ca$h? Test a career idea? Second summer: Career exploration Third summer: Career or grad school prep Most important summer of your life: Summer between junior and senior year Your Plan?:  Your Plan? What are your plans for next summer? Discuss… NOTE: If you have to earn money for school, why not earn it in a job that advances your career readiness?? The role of vocational testing…:  The role of vocational testing… Great for a splash of ideas Bad for a road map Gives you something humorous to talk about later Young people’s interests often change and evolve, and testing sometimes conveys too much import More ideation ideation…:  More ideation ideation… Ask yourself, “What problem or issue in this world would I like to address? What do I care deeply about?” Then, make a list of jobs that would allow you to address that social issue/problem. America, land of 2nd chances…:  America, land of 2nd chances… You can make a mistake -- be brave ! You learn from every job It’s never too late to pursue a career with meaning, to earn a decent living, to find an opportunity to contribute to a cause It is too late to think someone else will do this for you It’s Never Too Late to Get an Internship:  It’s Never Too Late to Get an Internship Post-baccalaureate internships are the latest thing In general: Start now to look for an internship that supports your career ideas or career exploration interests What Is Your Plan?:  What Is Your Plan? Choose major(s) and minor(s) Get on track to graduate on time! Develop plan to get the skills employers want, and be able to prove it through student activities, internships, jobs, volunteer experiences, and so on Get exposure to the career you want Plan now if you want to go to graduate school Decide to get the most out of college Conclusion:  Conclusion You can major in anything you want, so pick something you’ll enjoy, and that will support your overall goals Tell your parents that Cindy Crawford was a chemical engineering major, and Alan Greenspan majored in music Take advantage of all that college has to offer, including skills and leadership development from student activities Explore your career ideas before you graduate Your Job Now:  Your Job Now Make an appointment this week with your academic advisor, to discuss your choice of major! Declare a major and get on track to graduate! Plan now to get the internships and extra-curricular experiences to support your career plans!

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