French & Indian War

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Information about French & Indian War

Published on February 12, 2014

Author: mcaggia



Brief Presentation about the Gains and Loses from the French and Indian War, part of the Seven Years War.

The French & Indian War Section 3.4

Motivations 1. Why did France and Britain fight in the war?  to gain control of the Ohio Valley  to expand their empires The “French and Indian War” was a smaller part of a world-wide war between England and France that took place on 4 continents (The Seven Years War)

Motivations 2. Why did the British colonies fight?  A desire to expand the colonies westward to the Ohio Valley to expand their empires  Some felt loyalty to Great Britain Westward expansion meant new land, more resources, which would become more wealth

Motivation Key Ohio Valley

Motivations 3. Why did the Native Americans fight?  To honor military alliances  to gain the benefits of supporting the victor in a war Since the war was fought over the land they lived on, the Native Americans had a vested interest in the outcome of the war Most sided with the French because they had far fewer settlers (~70,000 French vs. ~1,000,000 British)

Winners & Losers 4. What did Britain gain as a result of the war?  Canada  virtually all of North America east of the Mississippi River Spain, as an ally to France, lost lands to the British as well – especially parts of Florida

Winners & Losers

Winners & Losers 5. What did Britain lose?  Lives  the colonists’ respect  a good deal of money

Winners & Losers 6. What did the colonies gain as a result of the war?  Access to what had been French territories

Winners & Losers 7. What did the colonies lose?  Lives  profits from trade (due to increased taxation to pay off Britain’s war debt)  some rights commonly held by British subjects

Winners & Losers 8. What did France lose as a result of the war?  Lives  all of their American territories other than a few small islands

Winners & Losers 9. What did war cost Native Americans?  Lives  the aid and friendship of the French  protection from the British

George Washington  Unsuccessful military commander (Colonel) – lost attack on Fort Duquesne, and forfeited Fort Necessity  Lost Fort Ticonderoga, but his courage and bravery gained him fame

George Grenville  British Finance minister who imposed many of the taxes the colonists hated  Reviled (hated) by the colonists  King liked his mercantilist policies because it helped England recover financially from the Seven Years War

William Pitt


Proclamation of 1763

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