Published on February 12, 2014
The French & Indian War Section 3.4
Motivations 1. Why did France and Britain fight in the war? to gain control of the Ohio Valley to expand their empires The “French and Indian War” was a smaller part of a world-wide war between England and France that took place on 4 continents (The Seven Years War)
Motivations 2. Why did the British colonies fight? A desire to expand the colonies westward to the Ohio Valley to expand their empires Some felt loyalty to Great Britain Westward expansion meant new land, more resources, which would become more wealth
Motivation Key Ohio Valley
Motivations 3. Why did the Native Americans fight? To honor military alliances to gain the benefits of supporting the victor in a war Since the war was fought over the land they lived on, the Native Americans had a vested interest in the outcome of the war Most sided with the French because they had far fewer settlers (~70,000 French vs. ~1,000,000 British)
Winners & Losers 4. What did Britain gain as a result of the war? Canada virtually all of North America east of the Mississippi River Spain, as an ally to France, lost lands to the British as well – especially parts of Florida
Winners & Losers
Winners & Losers 5. What did Britain lose? Lives the colonists’ respect a good deal of money
Winners & Losers 6. What did the colonies gain as a result of the war? Access to what had been French territories
Winners & Losers 7. What did the colonies lose? Lives profits from trade (due to increased taxation to pay off Britain’s war debt) some rights commonly held by British subjects
Winners & Losers 8. What did France lose as a result of the war? Lives all of their American territories other than a few small islands
Winners & Losers 9. What did war cost Native Americans? Lives the aid and friendship of the French protection from the British
George Washington Unsuccessful military commander (Colonel) – lost attack on Fort Duquesne, and forfeited Fort Necessity Lost Fort Ticonderoga, but his courage and bravery gained him fame
George Grenville British Finance minister who imposed many of the taxes the colonists hated Reviled (hated) by the colonists King liked his mercantilist policies because it helped England recover financially from the Seven Years War
Proclamation of 1763
French and Indian War; Part of the Seven Years' War: Date: 1754–1763: Location: North America: Result: British victory; Treaty of Paris
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