Freight Trends

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Information about Freight Trends
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Published on February 26, 2008

Author: BeatRoot

Source: authorstream.com

Freight Trends/Issues, Multimodal System Flows and Forecasts, and Policy Implications :  Freight Trends/Issues, Multimodal System Flows and Forecasts, and Policy Implications EU/US Forum April 2001 Gary Maring, USDOT Objectives…:  Objectives… Highlight emerging freight and logistics trends/issues Present first approximation of current US domestic and international freight flows Discuss preliminary trade forecasts to 2020 (including US/European trade) and analysis of potential constraints in the intermodal system Identify some of the emerging policy issues toward transportation reauthorization in 2002-2003 Freight Trends and Issues :  Freight Trends and Issues Markets/Logistics (demand) From national markets to global markets From a manufacturing to a service economy Carriers/Transportation Systems (supply) From modal fragmentation to cross-modal coordination From system construction to system optimization Public Policy From economic deregulation to safety regulation From modal to multi-modal surface transportation policy Increased environmental accountability Implications of Changing Demand for Transportation Services:  Implications of Changing Demand for Transportation Services Increasing demand for reliable, flexible, cost-effective, timely, and visible door-to-door freight services Lower inventory levels and less slack production capacity, creates greater dependence on transportation services Simultaneous increase in robustness and fragility of logistics and transportation systems Increasing freight traffic and congestion along trade corridors, metropolitan areas particularly in/around terminals, and border crossings. National Highway System Intermodal Connectors - Infrastructure Constraints:  National Highway System Intermodal Connectors - Infrastructure Constraints NHS Connectors Poor physical condition Poor geometrics “orphan status” inadequate coordination of investment strategies Public Policy Implications for Freight:  Public Policy Implications for Freight Diminishing productivity returns from deregulation Pressure for improved safety More complex planning and investment environment; evolving public/private partnerships Use of highway trust funds for non-highway freight projects Increased local community and environmental concerns New multi-juristictional institutional arrangements may be needed Greater reliance upon technology for monitoring cargo/fleets and for system management Freight Transportation Perspectives State and MPO focus is regional and local; private sector focus is increasingly national and global:  Public Sector (States, MPOs) Private Sector (Shippers, Carriers) Global National Regional Local Freight Transportation Perspectives State and MPO focus is regional and local; private sector focus is increasingly national and global Multimodal Freight Data and Policy Analysis Framework:  Multimodal Freight Data and Policy Analysis Framework Approximation of current national flows by mode, including domestic leg of international moves Economic trade forecasts to 2020 (domestic and international) and estimated modal components Assessment of capacity and investment implications Policy development tool for future legislation First Approximation of U.S. Freight Flows:  First Approximation of U.S. Freight Flows 1998 Annual Volumes County-level flows International and domestic flows STCC commodity groupings Modal components (truck, rail, air, water) Sources (Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Rail Waybill, PIERS, Reebie Transearch Database, Army Corps of Engr., other private data sources) Total Domestic Freight Tons and Value Freight traffic moving into, out of, and within the U.S. totaled 9.8 billion tons and $9.1 trillion in 1998- 1st approximation:  Total Domestic Freight Tons and Value Freight traffic moving into, out of, and within the U.S. totaled 9.8 billion tons and $9.1 trillion in 1998- 1st approximation Truck Freight Flows, All Commodities All truck types; highway freight density in tons:  Truck Freight Flows, All Commodities All truck types; highway freight density in tons Truck Freight Flows, High-Service Commodities High-value and time-sensitive products, highway freight density in tons:  Truck Freight Flows, High-Service Commodities High-value and time-sensitive products, highway freight density in tons Rail Freight Flows, All Commodities Rail freight density in tons:  Rail Freight Flows, All Commodities Rail freight density in tons Rail Intermodal Flows, All Commodities Rail freight density in tons:  Rail Intermodal Flows, All Commodities Rail freight density in tons Inland Waterway Freight Flows, All Commodities Waterway freight density in tons:  Inland Waterway Freight Flows, All Commodities Waterway freight density in tons Air-Freight Origins and Destinations All commodities, domestic airport-to-airport traffic, in tons:  Air-Freight Origins and Destinations All commodities, domestic airport-to-airport traffic, in tons Origins Destinations Top Gateways for International Freight Exports and imports in tons:  Top Gateways for International Freight Exports and imports in tons Port Example- Charleston:  Port Example- Charleston Highway Flows of International Freight Moving into and From the Port of Charleston:  Highway Flows of International Freight Moving into and From the Port of Charleston Railway Flows of International Freight Moving into and From the Port of Charleston:  Railway Flows of International Freight Moving into and From the Port of Charleston Analyze Economic Trade Forecasts and System Implications:  Analyze Economic Trade Forecasts and System Implications WEFA provided economic forecasts of International, National, and Regional Activity Assigned 2010 and 2020 modal freight flows Conduct systems analysis (e.g. capacity, investment implications) during coming year Support policy analysis toward reauthorization Case Studies with regional coalitions and industry to improve understanding of transport system implications WEFA Economic Assumptions:  WEFA Economic Assumptions Assumes that level of economic output will approach potential GDP, the level of output that could be achieved if resources were fully utilized Assumes no exogenous shocks The long range outlook relies on supply factors such as: population growth, labor force, captial stock, productivity growth, fiscal policy, foreign developments, etc. A base trend forecast assumption was produced; also a high and low assumption Freight Forecast Growth Rates-Trend :  Freight Forecast Growth Rates-Trend US Domestic: 1998-2020: 2.9% (Cumulative: 87%) 1998-2010: 3.4% 2010-2020: 2.4% US International: 1998-2020: 3.4% (Cumulative: 107%) 1998-2010: 4.0% 2010-2020: 2.9% International Sectors: US/Canada 1998-2020: 3.1% US/Mexico 1998-2020: 3.5% US/Europe 1998-2020: 3.1% (US export 2.7%, US import 3.4%) US/ROW 1998-2020: 3.4% Growth by Region: US Inter & Intra-Regional Tonnage by 2020:  Growth by Region: US Inter & Intra-Regional Tonnage by 2020 Modal Growth Rates to 2010 :  Compound Annual Growth, 1998 to 2010, US Tons Modal Growth Rates to 2010 Higher Lower Modal Share of Growth to 2020 US Traffic, Constant Dollar Value Basis:  Modal Share of Growth to 2020 US Traffic, Constant Dollar Value Basis Distribution of Value by Major Mode Distribution of Tonnage by Major Mode Modal Share of Growth to 2020 US Traffic, Ton Mile Basis:  Modal Share of Growth to 2020 US Traffic, Ton Mile Basis Distribution of Ton Miles by Major Mode (Miles: County to County Highway) Commodity Share of Growth to 2020 US Tonnage:  Commodity Share of Growth to 2020 US Tonnage Truck Traffic Growth on Highways, 2020 Density of Incremental US Truck Tons:  Truck Traffic Growth on Highways, 2020 Density of Incremental US Truck Tons Highways 2020: Focus of Growth Rate of US Truck Growth on Top Tonnage Links:  Highways 2020: Focus of Growth Rate of US Truck Growth on Top Tonnage Links NAFTA--US/Canada Truck Traffic on US Highway Network, 2020 (Tons):  NAFTA--US/Canada Truck Traffic on US Highway Network, 2020 (Tons) NAFTA--US/Mexico Truck Traffic on US Highway Network, 2020 (Tons):  NAFTA--US/Mexico Truck Traffic on US Highway Network, 2020 (Tons) Overseas Inland Trade Growth by Sector and Mode:  Overseas Inland Trade Growth by Sector and Mode Overseas Inland Trade: Truck Traffic on U.S. Highway Network, 2020 (Tons):  Overseas Inland Trade: Truck Traffic on U.S. Highway Network, 2020 (Tons) Inland Truck Flows - 2020 US-European Trade Network Freight Density for All Commodities, in Tons:  Inland Truck Flows - 2020 US-European Trade Network Freight Density for All Commodities, in Tons 2020 US-European Trade by Commodity US Imports versus Exports, Tonnage Basis:  2020 US-European Trade by Commodity US Imports versus Exports, Tonnage Basis 2020 US-European Trade by State All Commodities, Tonnage Basis:  2020 US-European Trade by State All Commodities, Tonnage Basis Origins (Export) Destinations (Import) Low 3rd Middle 3rd High 3rd Next Steps--Capacity and Investment Analysis:  Next Steps--Capacity and Investment Analysis Assign future freight flows to modal networks Conduct highway system capacity analysis to understand the nature of emerging constraints, e.g. nodes, corridors, gateways, metropolitan congestion Develop illustrative multimodal case studies in selected regions of the country; e.g. Alameda, Chicago rail and intermodal access, Mid Atlantic rail, SE States Latin American Trade Study Conduct what-if analyses; e.g. intermodal, coastal shipping Assess future investment requirements for Biennial Report to Congress Conduct regional case studies, e.g. Southeastern States analysis of Latin American trade implications:  Conduct regional case studies, e.g. Southeastern States analysis of Latin American trade implications The Policy Challenge :  The Policy Challenge Both passenger and freight demand upon the nation’s infrastructure will increase significantly Freight volumes will nearly double to 2020; with higher growth in some corridors and nodes Current planning and financing methods do not adequately address freight’s unique concerns Intermodal linkages not seamless; inefficient operational practices Increased focus on safety and environmental issues Economic competiveness issues U.S. National Outreach/Policy analysis:  U.S. National Outreach/Policy analysis Share freight analysis findings, forecasts, and system impacts with stakeholders and assess policy implications Hold a series of outreach forums on multimodal freight finance, planning and environment, operations & safety to assess current practice and formulate future policy options Develop a ‘Freight Story’ and conduct national freight summit Dec. 2001 to lay groundwork for policy initiatives Report to Congress on system condition, performance, and future investment requirements in 2002 Develop surface, marine, air transportation reauthorization legislative strategies in 2002 that fully reflect the needs of freight and passenger considerations Freight National Policy Development and Outreach Workplan - 2001:  Freight National Policy Development and Outreach Workplan - 2001 Toward Surface Transportation Reauthorization- Freight elements? :  Efficiency Equity Effectiveness 1991 - 97 1998 - 03 2004 - ?? Toward Surface Transportation Reauthorization- Freight elements? FHWA Office of Freight Management and Operations, USDOT:  FHWA Office of Freight Management and Operations, USDOT www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight Gary Maring gary.maring@fhwa.dot.gov

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