Formatting And Styling

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Information about Formatting And Styling

Published on September 25, 2007

Author: dcskatershane

Source: slideshare.net

Formatting and Styling

Formatting 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Radio Visuals are absent music, sound, and microphone positions are essential Single-column format (normally) Two-column format Left side: production information Right side: directions and dialogue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Visuals are absent

music, sound, and microphone positions are essential

Single-column format (normally)

Two-column format

Left side: production information

Right side: directions and dialogue

Television Single-column Used for screenplays, single-camera, and TV shows Formatted like a stage play Essential character movements added to dialogue No video/audio technology inserted 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Single-column

Used for screenplays, single-camera, and TV shows

Formatted like a stage play

Essential character movements added to dialogue

No video/audio technology inserted

… Two-column format (multi-camera norm) Left side: video directions/director’s cues Right side: audio information/dialogue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Two-column format (multi-camera norm)

Left side: video directions/director’s cues

Right side: audio information/dialogue

Film/Screenplay Sequences are consecutively numbered Video column contains all video directions Writer fuses visuals instead of dialogue to tell story 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Sequences are consecutively numbered

Video column contains all video directions

Writer fuses visuals instead of dialogue to tell story

… Films are shot out of sequence the numbering of the sequences is optional: - it can take away from the flow of the story + can organize story better 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Films are shot out of sequence

the numbering of the sequences is optional:

- it can take away from the flow of the story

+ can organize story better

Writing a Screenplay 1 st : write a summary/outline 2 nd : treatment/scenario: more detailed rundown of plot info of setting, plot, characters and sometimes bits of dialogue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

1 st : write a summary/outline

2 nd : treatment/scenario: more detailed rundown of plot

info of setting, plot, characters and sometimes bits of dialogue

Audio Formats of a Screenplay Left side: technical instructions and sources for each channel and sound Right side: description of actual audio content, narrative or dialogue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Left side: technical instructions and sources for each channel and sound

Right side: description of actual audio content, narrative or dialogue

Writers and Directors The writers in the film must: Describe his/her mental pictures in his/her script The directors in the film must: Decide how to use the actors, cameras and shots in order to portray the images the writer has created 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

The writers in the film must:

Describe his/her mental pictures in his/her script

The directors in the film must:

Decide how to use the actors, cameras and shots in order to portray the images the writer has created

05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com Style: Writing for the eye

Be Brief Writing for print: can make the presentation as long or short as needed for maximum effectiveness The same presentation for radio/TV: must fit into a :30 sec. spot no more than 100 hundred words. 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Writing for print:

can make the presentation as long or short as needed for maximum effectiveness

The same presentation for radio/TV:

must fit into a :30 sec. spot

no more than 100 hundred words.

Retain an Informal Tone Get the point across in an understandable way: You have one chance Formal language may be used only for: news documentaries But Keep It Simple 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Get the point across in an understandable way:

You have one chance

Formal language may be used only for:

news

documentaries

But Keep It Simple

Be Specific Vague and general information tends to confuse audience members Keep it Simple, Specific and Clear Content can be significant and sophisticated Write it in a way that audiences can relate to 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Vague and general information tends to confuse audience members

Keep it Simple, Specific and Clear

Content can be significant and sophisticated

Write it in a way that audiences can relate to

Personalize Demographics: critical to understanding critical to reaching a specific audience Relate content and style to the audience: try to relate to each individual audience member 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Demographics:

critical to understanding

critical to reaching a specific audience

Relate content and style to the audience:

try to relate to each individual audience member

Be Natural Don’t: use flowery language with high style use simple uncluttered sentences with low style 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Don’t:

use flowery language with high style

use simple uncluttered sentences with low style

Accuracy and Research Do thorough research beforehand Check credibility of internet sources before using KNOW THE FACTS BEFORE WRITING 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Do thorough research beforehand

Check credibility of internet sources before using

KNOW THE FACTS BEFORE WRITING

The Computer Aside from using a computer there are various writing methods, such as a word processor, hand writing, and a typewriter To be a successful writer, you will need to be able to use all of the skills 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Aside from using a computer there are various writing methods, such as a word processor, hand writing, and a typewriter

To be a successful writer, you will need to be able to use all of the skills

Software Types Three main types of software used: Database: files and retrieves information in any format needed to design Spreadsheet: keeps track of financial information and budgets Communications: releases script from confines of the desk (ability to share files) 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Three main types of software used:

Database: files and retrieves information in any format needed to design

Spreadsheet: keeps track of financial information and budgets

Communications: releases script from confines of the desk (ability to share files)

Computers and the Screenplay Most screenwriters in recent years have used “story development software” such as: Scriptzone: analyzes screenplay to determine weather comparable elements in screenplay need similar revisions Scriptdude: software to virtually develop the storyline, characters and dialogue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Most screenwriters in recent years have used “story development software” such as:

Scriptzone: analyzes screenplay to determine weather comparable elements in screenplay need similar revisions

Scriptdude: software to virtually develop the storyline, characters and dialogue

… Write a Blockbuster: takes you step by step through the process of writing screen plays that are similar to the ones that have been most successful in Hollywood Final Draft: provides writers format for the screenplay 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Write a Blockbuster: takes you step by step through the process of writing screen plays that are similar to the ones that have been most successful in Hollywood

Final Draft: provides writers format for the screenplay

Computers and the News Used in several ways for newspaper and broadcast news: The actual writing and editing of a story Creating graphics, including charts, graphs, maps, and other visuals Accessing information, obtaining databases Laying out the pages and designing format for the issue 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Used in several ways for newspaper and broadcast news:

The actual writing and editing of a story

Creating graphics, including charts, graphs, maps, and other visuals

Accessing information, obtaining databases

Laying out the pages and designing format for the issue

Computers in Production Writer-producer or writer-director can use the computer to break down every production item required by the script including: Costume needs Every special effect All audio effects Number of extras required and their costumes All props 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Writer-producer or writer-director can use the computer to break down every production item required by the script including:

Costume needs

Every special effect

All audio effects

Number of extras required and their costumes

All props

… Software can also provide a production board: Lists every element in any scene, which includes boxes to be checked as each item is accounted for 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Software can also provide a production board:

Lists every element in any scene, which includes boxes to be checked as each item is accounted for

Internet Format and Style Guidelines to create ‘reader friendly’ web sites: Don’t use fonts smaller then 12 point in size At large sizes, any font is ok, smaller sizes use sans-serif font Avoid tight spacing Space between lines of text should be set one or 2 points higher then the actual font size 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

Guidelines to create ‘reader friendly’ web sites:

Don’t use fonts smaller then 12 point in size

At large sizes, any font is ok, smaller sizes use sans-serif font

Avoid tight spacing

Space between lines of text should be set one or 2 points higher then the actual font size

… 5. Keep text organized in small, digestible, bulleted “textbites” and avoid wide columns and long paragraphs 6. Restrict text color to those hues that allow the text the be as readable as possible against the background color (or image) of the page 7. Try to limit the amount of text on any single page 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com

5. Keep text organized in small, digestible, bulleted “textbites” and avoid wide columns and long paragraphs

6. Restrict text color to those hues that allow the text the be as readable as possible against the background color (or image) of the page

7. Try to limit the amount of text on any single page

Shane Hannah Leonard Created by:

Shane Hannah Leonard

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