Forklift Safety - Battery Charging

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Information about Forklift Safety - Battery Charging
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Published on March 1, 2014

Author: toyotaequipment

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Electric or battery powered forklift trucks are used in many industries for a variety of applications. Due to increasing technological advancements, battery powered industrial trucks are becoming more and more prevalent. With longer run times, shorter recharging times and reduced emissions, this type of truck is going to become even more popular. Currently, there are numerous styles of battery operated trucks that range from small, motorized pallet trucks to much larger high lift trucks. No matter what kind of truck you have, there are similar hazards associated with their batteries and their maintenance.

Battery Charging Select the proper location Charging operations should be conducted in an area with good natural ventilation and should be at least five feet from all combustible materials. Chargers for three or more trucks should be located in a separate room or area designated for this purpose. Provide ventilation Charging of three or more trucks in a single area requires an exhaust system ventilation to the outdoors to dissipate explosive gases. Utilize proper electrical equipment All such equipment in charging areas should be certified for such use by a recognized testing lab. (i.e. UL) and installed by a licensed electrician. Protect personnel Only trained personnel should perform battery charging. Eye protection and an eyewash/emergency shower are essential requirements. Avert strains by provision of appropriate equipment for handling batteries. Prevent falls by maintaining floors in dry condition at all times. Additional safety measures include the following • Keep battery vent caps in place when charging to prevent electrolyte spray. • Assure that vent caps are unobstructed and operable • Vehicle battery compartments should be kept open when charging to dissipate heat. • Keep tools and conductive material away from battery tops • Acid should be added to the water. Water should never be added to the acid. This will prevent violent reactions • Charging areas should be free of combustibles • Smoking, open flame, sparks, and electric arcs should be strictly prohibited in charging areas • Provide a means to promptly flush and neutralize spilled electrolyte. • Properly secure batteries on trucks to prevent damage • Provide a UL listed portable fire extinguisher close to the charging area • Use carboy tilters for pouring concentrated acid. • Provide barriers to protect chargers from damage Powered industrial trucks are used in many industries for a variety of applications. Due to increasing technological advancements, battery powered industrial trucks are becoming more and more prevalent. With longer run times, shorter recharging times and reduced emissions, this type of truck is going to become even more popular. Currently, there are numerous styles of battery operated trucks that range from small, motorized pallet trucks to much larger high lift trucks. No matter what kind of truck you have, there are similar hazards associated with their batteries and their maintenance. Battery changing stations and the employees that work around them must be properly equipped with personal protective equipment in addition to having certain safety procedures implemented. www.ToyotaEquipment.com

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