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Information about Forklift

Published on July 24, 2009

Author: helenacec


Forklift Safety : Forklift Safety Ensuring Safety : Ensuring Safety Only the Operator can ensure the forklift is operated safely Conduct Pre-use inspection Don’t use unsafe equipment Authorized Operator : Authorized Operator Only trained and authorized personnel are permitted to operate a forklift Keep unauthorized employees off of forklifts Keep pedestrians away from the operating zone of a forklift Lock out unsafe lifts as determined in a pre-operation inspection Parts : Parts Know your equipment Controls Adjustments Load Rating Overhead clearance Side Clearance Pre-Check : Pre-Check Conduct safety check at start of each day or the first time you use the equipment for the day Normal, Non-Hazardous Areas : Normal, Non-Hazardous Areas Most forklifts are meant for use only in non-hazardous locations. These forklifts are not suitable for use inside hazardous areas like spray booths because they have minimal safeguards against fire hazards. Non-Hazardous Types : Non-Hazardous Types Type D Forklifts are diesel-powered units that have minimum acceptable safeguards against inherent fire hazards. Type E Forklifts are electrically powered units that have minimum acceptable safeguards against inherent fire and electrical spark hazards. Type G Forklifts are gasoline-powered units that have minimum acceptable safeguards against inherent fire hazards. Non-Hazardous : Non-Hazardous Type G/LP Forklifts operate on either gasoline or liquified petroleum gas and have minimum acceptable safeguards against inherent fire hazards. Type LP Forklifts are liquified petroleum gas-powered units that have minimum acceptable safeguards against inherent fire hazards. Seat Belts : Seat Belts No forklift operator has ever been killed while wearing a seat belt. About 80 people a year are killed while NOT wearing them. Refueling : Refueling Fuel gasoline, diesel, and propane fork trucks outdoors only Close the valve for the propane tank while the engine is running to consume gas in the line. Propane is flammable and can freeze skin: goggles and gloves are minimum when changing tanks. Frozen propane fittings indicates leakage. Recharging : Recharging Batteries release flammable hydrogen sulfide gas... Eliminate ignition hazards from area. Eye and face protection for adding water to batteries: goggles, chemical resistant gloves and apron at minimum. Restricted View : Restricted View Your view is restricted by the cage and the mast Drive slowly and watch for: Pedestrians Other equipment Dropoffs Pedestrians : Pedestrians Few people are actually looking out for forklifts Always maintain view of where you are going Use horn at intersections, corners, blind areas Control speed Ramps - Loaded : Ramps - Loaded Load should be against back rest Drive UP the ramp with the load uphill Back DOWN ramps with load uphill Ramps – Unloaded : Ramps – Unloaded When Unloaded Drive forward down ramps Drive Backwards up the ramp Ramp Hazards : Ramp Hazards Never turn sideways on a ramp or inclined area Parking : Parking Forks fully lowered Engine Off Parking Brake Set Park on level area Don’t Block Exits Doorways : Doorways When Entering a doorway: Watch Overhead & Side Clearance Use Horn to Warn others GO SLOW Entering Trucks : Entering Trucks Before Entering a Truck Check Dockplates Check interior of truck if possible Ensure trailer wheels are chocked Check Tractor not attached or Keys are controlled Drive slowly over dockplates Safety Rules : Safety Rules Operate fork trucks only in designated areas with adequate ventilation. Do not exceed the floor load rating. Secure unstable loads before starting the vehicle, even if only going a short distance. Keep arms and legs inside the fork truck structure, except when signaling for turns or stops. Safety Rules : Safety Rules Do not jump from a moving fork truck. Make sure that there is adequate clearance before passing under or between structures. Indoor speed should be walking speed – 3 mph Watch for, signal, and yield to pedestrians. Do not carry passengers. Safety Rules : Safety Rules Tilt the mast back before traveling Stay at least three vehicle lengths back when following another fork truck. Maintain forks about 4 to 6 in. (10 to 15 cm) off the driving surface when traveling. Do not attach slings, cables, or chains to the forks to lift materials or objects from underneath them. Safety Rules : Safety Rules When forward vision is obscured, drive in reverse. Do not leave a fork truck parked with an elevated load. Do not park a fork truck without turning off the power, placing all the controls in the neutral position, and setting the brake. A fork truck is considered unattended if the operator is out of sight of the truck or more than 25 ft (8 m) away. Safety Rules : Safety Rules Observe all traffic signals. Do not use a fork truck to tow or push other fork trucks, another vehicle, or other equipment. Use pneumatic-wheel fork trucks for irregular terrain and when traveling on streets. Use hard-wheel fork trucks indoors only. Safety Rules : Safety Rules Place forks as wide as possible for the load and lock in place. Never add makeshift counterweights. Know the weight of loads. Do not exceed the rated capacity, even by a few pounds. Do not lift unstable loads. Never lift a person without a safety platform. Safety Rules : Safety Rules Maintain at least a 10-ft separation from overhead power lines. Final Note : Final Note Safe Operation depends on YOU! Know your equipment Follow the Safety Rules Know your load Quiz : Quiz 1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not necessary. True or False 2. Name two of the three ways to detect a propane leak: _______________, _______________ 3. Describe the four items that must be completed prior to driving your forklift into a trailer. 4. If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise the load while moving to see under it. True or False 5. Preoperation inspections are done only because OSHA says we have to do them. True or False Quiz (cont.) : Quiz (cont.) 6. Attachments reduce capacity by increasing the load center and adding weight. True or False 7. Minimum PPE items required when refueling a propane tank are ___________, ____________. 8. The most important differences between a forklift and a car are weight and steering. True or False 9. Name at least one condition that when combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover. 10. Pedestrians have the right-of-way only while in designated pedestrian lanes. True or False Quiz Answers : Quiz Answers 1. False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2. Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings. 3. Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer, inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor. 4. False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse when the load obstructs forward vision. 5. False. Inspections are also done so that the operator can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because the company needs to prove compliance with OSHA’s requirement. Quiz Answers (cont.) : Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load center to move away from the forklift. 7. Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE required. 8. True. There are many differences, but the most significant are weight and steering. 9. Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load, getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back load, or being on a ramp. 10. False. Pedestrians always have the right of way.

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