Focus Group Introduction to

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Information about Focus Group Introduction to
Education

Published on October 22, 2007

Author: liamgr

Source: authorstream.com

NEW COMMUNITIES PROJECT:  NEW COMMUNITIES PROJECT Focus Groups: A Beginner’s Guide What is a focus group?:  What is a focus group? GROUP OF INTERACTING INDIVIDUALS HAVING COMMON INTEREST OR CHARACTERISTICS ORGANISED BY A MODERATOR TO GAIN INFORMATION USED TO UNDERSTAND HOW, WHY OR WHAT BELIEFS PEOPLE HOLD ABOUT TOPICS, PRODUCTS OR POLICIES What is a focus group? :  What is a focus group? TYPICALLY 7-10 PEOPLE UNFAMILIAR WITH EACH OTHER IN AN ENVIRONMENT WHICH ENCOURAGES DIFFERENT PERCEPTIONS. SEVERAL GROUPS USED TO IDENTIFY TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN BELIEFS AND PERCEPTIONS SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF DISCUSSIONS TO GAIN INSIGHT INTO HOW PEOPLE FEEL ABOUT A PRODUCT ISSUE OR POLICY/PROGRAMME Slide4:  Focus groups are best used to explain "why" the public feels the way it does. A properly constructed and administered focus group will draw out the "motivational factors" behind the "top of mind" opinions -- which is critical to understanding what is driving public opinion. WHO USES FOCUS GROUPS? :  WHO USES FOCUS GROUPS? POLITICAL ANALYSTS/POLLSTERS ORGANIZATIONAL RESEARCHERS STATUTORY AGENCIES SURVEY DESIGNERS Origins of focus groups:  Origins of focus groups DEVELOPED IN US IN 1930s DUE TO CONCERNS OVER DATA DERIVED FROM INTERVIEWER LED RESEARCH RK MERTON: EVALUATION RADIO BROADCASTS AND US PROPAGANDA FILMS IN 1940s AND 1950s What focus groups can tell you:  What focus groups can tell you HOW PEOPLE THINK OR FEEL GREATER INSIGHT INTO WHY CERTAIN OPINIONS ARE HELD ASSIST PLANNING AND DESIGN OF PROGRAMMES EVALUATE EXISTING POLICY DEVELOP STRATEGY WHAT FOCUS GROUPS CANNOT TELL YOU :  WHAT FOCUS GROUPS CANNOT TELL YOU VALID INFORMATION ABOUT INDIVIDUALS VALID BEFORE AND AFTER INFORMATION WIDELY GENERALISABLE INFORMATION Advantages of Focus Groups:  Advantages of Focus Groups HIGH FACE VALIDITY (NATURAL INTERACTION AND SOCIAL INFLUENCE) USEFUL IN OBTAINING INFORMATION FROM GROUPS SUCH AS CHILDREN OR NON-LITERATE LOWER COSTS AND SPEED OF DATA GATHERING EASY TO CONDUCT Advantages of Focus Groups:  Advantages of Focus Groups CAN USE BOTH VERBAL AND NON-VERBAL DATA CAN OBTAIN DEEPER LEVELS OF MEANING HIGHLY FLEXIBLE/ADAPTABLE ACCESSABLE RESULTS Disadvantages of Focus Groups:  Disadvantages of Focus Groups SAMPLE NOT RANDOM NOR NECESSARILY REPRESENTATIVE QUALITY OF DATA HIGHLY INFLUENCED BY ABILITY OF MODERATOR TO EVOKE RESPONSES RESULTS SUBJECT TO MULTIPLE INTERPRETATIONS TRANSITORY EFFECTS The Making of a Good Focus Group:  The Making of a Good Focus Group ….the single greatest component of a successful focus group is the moderator Frank I. Luntz Voices of Victory

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