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Fluid and crystallized intelligence

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Information about Fluid and crystallized intelligence
Education

Published on January 27, 2014

Author: janettecbalagot

Source: slideshare.net

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FLUID AND CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE By: Raymond Cattell and John Horn

What is the “fluid and crystallized intelligence”?  In the 1960s American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn applied new methods of factor analysis and concluded there are two kinds of general intelligence: fluid intelligence (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc).

What is the “fluid and crystallized intelligence”?  Raymond Cattell first proposed the concepts of fluid and crystallized intelligence and further developed the theory with John Horn. The Cattell-Horn theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence suggests that intelligence is composed of a number of different abilities that interact and work together to produce overall individual intelligence.

(gf) FLUID INTELLIGENCE

Fluid intelligence  represents the biological basis of intelligence. Measures of fluid intelligence, such as speed of reasoning and memory, increase into adulthood and then decline due to the aging process.

Fluid intelligence  involves being able to think and reason abstractly and solve problems  considered independent of learning, experience, and education. Examples of the use of fluid intelligence: solving puzzles and coming up with problem solving strategies.

Fluid intelligence Examples of the use of fluid intelligence: solving puzzles coming up with problem solving strategies.

(gc) CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE

Crystallized intelligence  the knowledge and skills obtained through learning and experience.

Crystallized intelligence As long as opportunities for learning are available, crystallized intelligence can increase indefinitely during a person’s life. For example, vocabulary knowledge is known to increase in college professors throughout their life span.

Crystallized intelligence involves knowledge that comes from prior learning and past experiences

Crystallized intelligence Situations that require crystallized intelligence include reading comprehension and vocabulary exams.

Crystallized intelligence  This type of intelligence is based upon facts and rooted in experiences. As we age and accumulate new knowledge and understanding, crystallized intelligence becomes stronger.

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