Floriculture and Floral Design

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Information about Floriculture and Floral Design
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Published on December 11, 2007

Author: Yuan

Source: authorstream.com

Floriculture and Floral Design:  Floriculture and Floral Design By Tiffany Laufer An introduction to making floral arrangements Pre-Design treatment:  Pre-Design treatment scrub plastic buckets and vases with detergent and rinse thoroughly. Rinse again with a mild solution of bleach; one cap full per gallon of water. Fill a clean, plastic storage bucket half full of bottled or purified water and the proper amount of preservatives Allow the water to sit for a half hour so trapped air can be released, and so the water can reach room temperature. Pre-Design treatment cont.:  Pre-Design treatment cont. Trim off all broken, dying, diseased, wilted or damaged flowers and leaves. This is preparation for arranging as well as for cleaning off bacteria producing plant material. Remove the lower leaves from the stems. Make the stem ends even, then hold them several inches underwater. Cut 1" from the bottom of the stems. Pre-Design treatment cont.:  Pre-Design treatment cont. Flowers need to hydrate in a preservative solution to replace moisture lost during cutting and handling. Keep them in a cool, well-ventilated place (never in direct sun) while they drink up the preservative through freshly cut stems. Allow to sit for six hours or so (or overnight) before placing them in their “designer home”. The 8 basic arrangements ~Horizontal~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~Horizontal~ Using a relatively shallow container, anchor foam with a lot of glue or use anchor pins, and position sprays of line flowers to establish the shape of the design. Insert focal flowers in the middle so they gently droop over the lip of the container on both sides, reach towards the line material and extend on either side of the middle. Leave room for filler flowers. Fill in and around focal area with filler flowers and foliage The 8 basic arrangements ~Vertical~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~Vertical~ Wedge or secure foam in a vase with hot glue. Cut the stems of the tallest flowers or leaves to reach three or four times the height of the vase. Place the focal flowers vertically within the diameter of the vase. Fill in the areas as needed with filler flowers. The 8 basic arrangements ~Triangular Arrangements~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~Triangular Arrangements~ Secure floral foam. Determine the vertical height and horizontal width with the smallest line flowers and/or leaves. Make the height higher than the width. Position the largest focal flowers in the heart of the arrangement and slightly lower to give weight and balance. Position the largest focal flowers in the heart of the arrangement and slightly lower to give weight and balance. Fill in with the filler flowers and foliage keeping within the triangular shape. The 8 basic arrangements ~Crescent Arrangements~ :  The 8 basic arrangements ~Crescent Arrangements~ Secure foam in container. Determine length of crescent and insert curved line flowers or leaves to follow the crescent form. Angle the shape to balance in the container.  Insert the focal flowers fairly low in the bowl to achieve balance, stability and depth.  Fill in around the focal flowers with smaller flowers and foliage. Place wisps of filler flowers that gracefully taper off the ends. The 8 basic arrangements ~Oval arrangements~ :  The 8 basic arrangements ~Oval arrangements~ Secure the floral foam. Determine the height with line flowers, then frame in the outer edges of the oval shape with light colored flowers and foliage.  Place the largest, strongest or brightest flowers in the focal area.  Fill in around the larger flowers and leaves with the filler flowers.   The 8 basic arrangements ~Minimal Arrangements ~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~Minimal Arrangements ~ Adhere foam to container. Insert vertical line flowers to determine the height, and secure the horizontal line flowers to give the basic outline of the arrangement. Place the focal flowers Fill in with filler flowers as needed The 8 basic arrangements ~The lazy "S" or "Hogarth's Curve”~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~The lazy "S" or "Hogarth's Curve”~ Anchor the foam securely. Bend the stems gently into graceful curves and insert them in place so they balance. Add the focal flowers following the lines of the upper and lower curves.  Cluster filler blossoms and foliage around the central flowers maintaining the rhythm of the ‘S’.   The 8 basic arrangements ~Free Standing Arrangements~:  The 8 basic arrangements ~Free Standing Arrangements~ Fill a shallow container with foam that extends one inch over the top. Secure the foam with hot glue, floral clay or floral tape. Define the shape of the design with the line flowers and leaves Place the focal flowers and leaves, turning the vase as you go so all the sides are even. Add filler flowers to integrate the design. How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet  :  How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet  For fresh flowers the first thing to do is to soak the flowers in a preservative solution for several hours so the bouquet will last a long time.   Loosely wrap the wire around the full length of the stems in a spiral.  Cut the stems across the bottom before wrapping in floral tape. How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet ~Taping wired stems:  How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet ~Taping wired stems Wrap a piece of floral tape around the top of the wire and press in place. Turn the stems and stretching and pulling the tape in a downward angle. The tape should be tightly wrapped around the wire stems without any buckles or gaps.  How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet ~Wrapping stems with ribbon:  How to make a Fresh Floral Bouquet ~Wrapping stems with ribbon Wrapping Stems with Ribbon  1. Hot glue the end of the ribbon 1" from the bottom of the stems.  Pull the ribbon around the bottom of the stems and wrap carefully up the length of the stems. Hot glue at the top to secure and trim off any extra ribbon.  To add tails to wrapped stems hot glue ends of ribbon to ends of stems before wrapping the stems with ribbons. Slide16:  REMEMBER… BE CREATIVE!!

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