Flood Men v Women ppt

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Published on October 10, 2007

Author: Aric85

Source: authorstream.com

The Debate Over Men’s Versus Women’s Family Violence:  The Debate Over Men’s Versus Women’s Family Violence Dr Michael Flood Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society La Trobe University michael.flood@latrobe.edu.au Interpersonal violence:  Interpersonal violence Both men and women are capable of violence, and both are the victims of violence. Family violence: A problem largely of violence by men, against women and children Terms and concepts:  Terms and concepts ‘Family violence’ / ‘Domestic violence’: interpersonal violence in domestic settings, family relationships, and intimate relationships Which ‘family’? Including to children, and by other family members? Violence between intimates but outside family or domestic settings? Include sexual violence? Degendering violence? The claim of ‘gender symmetry’:  The claim of ‘gender symmetry’ The claim that men and women assault each other at equal rates and with equal effects. Rates of DV have been measured using two bodies of data; Crime victimisation studies (based on large-scale data e.g. from household and crime surveys and police statistics). These find gender assymmetry. ‘Family conflict’ studies measuring aggressive behaviour in married and cohabiting couples. These find gender symmetry. Gender symmetry – based on the ‘Conflict Tactics Scale’:  Gender symmetry – based on the ‘Conflict Tactics Scale’ Men’s rights and fathers’ rights advocates draw (only) on studies based on the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS). “Have you or your spouse, in the last year, ever committed… [a range of acts].” Three problems with the claim:  Three problems with the claim CTS authors themselves reject this claim, emphasising e.g. that women experience greater fear and injury and more severe violence. Methodological problems with the CTS. The CTS; Asks only about acts, and ignores their impact, meaning, and history (who initiated it, who got hurt, what has happened before, etc.) Leaves out sexual abuse, etc. Relies only on one partner’s reports Draws only on married and intact couples The CTS thus produces the very claim it is meant to test. Other data finds strong gender asymmetries. Different kinds of violence :  Different kinds of violence ‘Common couple violence’: Minor violence, by both partners, which is expressive (emotional) rather than instrumental. Does not escalate over time, and injuries are rare. ‘Patriarchal terrorism’: More severe violence, used by one partner (I.e., asymmetrical), plus other controlling tactics, to assert or restore power and authority (I.e., instrumental). Tends to escalate, and injuries are more likely Typical patterns of male-to-female domestic violence:  Typical patterns of male-to-female domestic violence Physical violence is accompanied by other forms of abusive and oppressive behaviour. Such as; Threats, intimidation, sexual assault, coercion, emotional abuse, insults and mind-games, control and isolation. And minimising or denying the violence, refusing to accept responsibility, and blaming the victim. I.e., DV is chronic behaviour characterised by a variety of forms of power and control and by systematic abuse. Contrasts in women’s and men’s experience of FV/DV:  Contrasts in women’s and men’s experience of FV/DV Women are far more likely than men to Be subjected to frequent, prolonged, and extreme violence Sustain injuries Fear for their lives Experience a range of controlling tactics Be sexually assaulted Experience violence after separation. More contrasts:  More contrasts Women’s perpetration of violence is much more often in self-defence. Women are more likely to perpetrate partner violence out of emotional expression, self-defence, or retaliation. Men are more likely to perpetrate… for instrumental reasons. Although women also may use violence to gain or maintain power. Men do underreport their violence… But so do women, at a greater rate. Crocodile tears:  Crocodile tears Fathers’ rights groups are not motivated by a genuine concern for male victims of violence; They focus on violence to men by women, while men are most at risk from other men. E.g., of 8,000 men admitted to hospital because of assault and injuries, 45 (0.55%) were injured by their female partners. They undermine the protections available to victims of family violence and the sanctions applied to perpetrators, thus harming female and male victims alike. (And they condone and excuse men’s violence, use it as evidence of men’s victimhood, and attack community and media efforts to respond to and prevent violence against women.) Conclusion:  Conclusion All victims of family violence deserve sympathy, support, and services. We do not have to assume that men are 50% of victims in order to recognise and respond to male victimisation. There are other male responses to violence which are positive: E.g., the White Ribbon Campaign. Strategies:  Strategies Respond to the claim of gender symmetry; Yes, men are often the victims of violence. All forms of violence are unacceptable. Yes, some men are assaulted by female partners. And, there is a contrast between women’s and men’s typical experiences of FV. Men are most at risk of harm from other men. Continue to do the work of violence prevention Contact: Dr Michael Flood michael.flood@latrobe.edu.au

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