Published on June 28, 2014
Fishing Grounds of the Gulf 1 02 GULF OF MAINE--Geographic And Historic Title What is apparently the very first reference to this entire body water appears on some aged Icelandic graphs that demonstrate, approximately, Cape Cod Bay within their the southern area of locations as well as the Bay of Fundy within the northern. On these maps the cape alone was demonstrated around the "Promontory of Vinland" and was given the title Kialarnes, or even the Ship's Nose, from the resemblance in type to the high upturned prow of the old Norse vessels. Towards the whole area of the gulf was because of the title Vinland's Haf. Oviedo (Historia Basic de las Indias) occasionally names this gulf the Arcipelago de Los angeles Tramontana, or the Arcipelago Septentrional--the northern archipelago. He gives us to understand thathe and himself, or Chaves, had these details from the Survey and Report of Gomez, who, in his search for a north west passageway to Asian countries in 1525, "identified all these coasts lying between 41? and 41? 30' northern". In fact, his careful explorations certainly covered all of the territory among 40 and 45 degrees. The Spanish navigators who followed Gomez, in explaining these coasts, when implying this gulf, generally known as it in honor of Gomez, the first of their nation to create a careful survey of their shores. As a result it grew to become referred to as Arcipelago de Estevan Gomez, and the mainland right behind it as being La Tierra de Gomez. It was so known as around the map of Ribero in 1529 who therefore acknowledged the source of his details. The Biscayans implemented Gomez but later on gave way to french anglers, who followed along the chain of banks stretching southward from your Lavish Bank and came into these seas by means of Cape Sable. These provided to it the title Gulf of Norumbega or Ocean of Norumbega. The name Norumbega was for some time placed on the coastline areas and to the inland nation stretching out out indefinitely westward and northwestward from your seas from the gulf. Later, with the coming of the English and the establishment of their colony in Massachusetts, the title Massachusetts Bay came into general use, although this name was afterwards restricted to the smaller section of the gulf at present so termed. The charter of Gorges (in April, 1639) designated the territory deeded to him as the Region or Area of Maine, whence, maybe, the modern custom of talking about these waters as the Gulf of Maine may have arisen. This newest title appears particularly suitable, because of the truth that the current Condition of Maine lying immediately opposite its entrance capes, expands across the inner borders of the gulf and with its deeply indented shoreline collection occupies by far the greatest section of its coasts. Thus the name has lastly enter into basic use and acceptance nowadays. Evidently it was initially officially proposed and used from the Edinburgh Encyclopedia in 1832  and later was adopted by the United States Coast Survey. [Footnote 4: "All of that purport, porcion and parte from the Mayne Property of brand new Britain, we doe name, ordeyne and appoynt shall permanently hereafter bee named and called The Province and Countie of Mayne."] [Footnote 5: Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Philadelphia edition, by Thomas Parker, Vol. XVIII, p. 263.]
DESCRIPTION A really striking and peculiar entire body of water is it Gulf of Maine, markedly different in personality from any other from the bays on the coastline type of the eastern United States. Particularly does it differ within the depth of its coastal seas, where in all the others, except the much smaller New York Bay, the shoal drinking water is located extending far right out of the land. Within the Gulf of Maine, nevertheless, with the solitary exception of the locality of Ammens Rock around the eastern part of Cashes Financial institution, the whole central area provides navigable deep water using a mean depth of 100 fathoms, out of which increase the various under water plateaus, in whose depths typical about 50 fathoms and which make up the bigger of the minn kota edge reasons. Along with these, many smaller sized banking institutions and "angling spots" are found nearer the land in which they lie a across the 50-fathom bend. In many instances it approaches much neared to the mainland, although in general this curve lies at a distance of about 16 miles from the coast line. Out of this 50-fathom depth the soundings decrease very gradually towards the 20 and 10 fathom represents. These latter soundings tend to be kept far in towards the coastline collection, even transporting the deep drinking water properly in to the river mouths, so that in deeply indented hays, in lengthy inlets operating significantly into property, in the stream mouths, the deep drinking water right behind the difficult headlands, or in the lee from the thousands of surf-washed isles that collection the coastline, are normally found countless secure anchorages within simple run of the fishing grounds, in which the fleets might take shelter from a sudden blow or wait for the appearance of the "seafood time," when conditions might permit "creating a set" underneath the struggles of winter season minn kota edge. When the marine attributes of this region are significantly different from those of other seaside body from the eastern United too, States and so the shoreline property, battered as it has been by sea and storm or used by glacial action or Arctic currents, is no much less remarkable. No other section of the eastern United States has a similar coastline, so serrated, indented, and rugged, as has this shore type of the Gulf of Maine. Here the battering by the forces of nature has led to making thousands of safe havens and harbors for your navigator. All together shore are strewn hundreds of isles, a feature function of the area and one noted with question by every early explorer. If near the land, are beautiful and smiling; if in the open sea, of rugged grandeur; and mainland and island alike are inhabited by a numerous and hardy race of fisher folk,  These islands. The tides inside the Gulf of Maine possess a great fall and rise compared with other waters in this region. Beginning at once at the north of Cape Cod with a rise of from 7 to 10 feet these increase quite constantly as they go eastward reaching about 28 feet in the neighborhood of Passamaquoddy Bay, to touch their highest point in the Bay of Fundy, where in many places is a rise and fall of 50 feet, and in some few places tides of 70 feet are reported, although at the south of Cape Cod tides are seldom over 4 feet in their range. These Fundy tides most likely are the best in the world. This great flow and ebb water assists to assist shipbuilding and the launching of vessels in addition to have the deep drinking water significantly up in to the inlets of the coastline and into the mouths from the estuaries and rivers, creating these navigable for projects of substantial size well in to the land or as much as the lowest falls of the streams.
The climate here is one of extreme conditions, and, lying down because it does between 42? and 45? northern latitude, the location may be said to be chilly. Evidently the seas from the Gulf of Maine are not affected by any stray current from the Gulf Stream, which goes by at a considerable distance from the mouth area, thus performing small to temper the cold of the area either on property or at sea. Whether these seas are cooled further by any flow from the Labrador Present may be questioned. The winter seasons are long, usually delivering weighty snowfalls; and powerful gales are regular during a lot of the winter and fall season. Perhaps the most dangerous of those "blows" emerge from the mountain to the northwest and north from the gulf. Thus, in addition to the doubt of an opportunity to set gear when as soon as on the fishing grounds, the winter minn kota edge the following is not without having its element of serious threat. Yet, perhaps because of the strong tidal currents of these waters, the principal harbors rarely are closed by ice, or, if closed, for but a few days only, while the ice crop in northern New England never fails. While the summer season are relatively mild and in certain areas of them even very hot, fogs are weighty and virtually constant during the "dog times" (July 20 to September 1). when southerly and southern-westerly breezes bring the warm damp atmosphere from your Gulf Flow into the cooler currents from your land. The fogs of Fundy are specifically noted, even in these waters. Throughout the summer time seasons wind from your east and north deliver the only clear weather conditions experienced in the external chain of fishing grounds. The primary body from the gulf lies approximately between 42? and 45? north latitude. It really is in type just like a strong bowl in whose external edge is made by Georges Browns and Bank Bank, with a slim, deep-drinking water spillway among: its region is half encircled in the hands of the mainland, two conspicuous headlands getting to physical seaward to mark its broad entrance at the opposite sides--Cape Cod, Bulk.  on the western side, and Cape Sable,  Nova Scotia, around the eastern flank, faraway from one another about 230 kilometers. Both of these capes array with each other about ENE. and WSW, therefore matching as well the overall trend from the coast line, from the tropical island chains as well as the offshore ledges within this area. From the base line hooking up these outposts from the gulf the space to the Maine coastline opposite averages about 120 miles. From Cape Sable, at its eastern finish, the coast developments for a few range to the northwest, whence a continuation of the program hits the coast of Maine near West Quoddy Brain at a distance of quite a lot more than 110 kilometers. From West Quoddy visit Cape Elizabeth (in a immediate line about 160 miles) the coastline, in general tough, difficult, along with numerous lofty headlands is incredibly unusual and seriously indented and comes after a general span of WSW. Thence, the coastline, lower and getting more and more sandy, begins to trend much more decidedly southern-west until it reaches Boston, when it turns to the southeast, and to the east toward Cape Cod. But this is not the whole story. There remain outside these stated limitations the Bay of Fundy within the northern, having a feasible section of 3,000 sq . miles; and at the south Cape Cod Bay, whose region, with that of the waters western of the perpendicular driven from the traditional western finish of the foundation collection that hits the land within the vicinity of Portsmouth, N. H. makes an extra area containing near to 1,500 sq . kilometers. Within the limits therefore inclosed there 30, are and roughly000 sq . kilometers of many effective ground most intensively fished through all the calendar year. The Bay of Fundy is split at its brain by Cape Chignecto, making two branches to north and also to east--Chignecto Bay and Minas Basin. With these smaller areas, lying as they do entirely within the
territorial limits of Canada, American fishermen have little to do, although both are valuable and productive fishing grounds. [Footnote 6: William Strachey (1609), speaking especially of Casco Bay, but the words equally applicable to just about any stretch out of the Maine coastline, says "A really excellent bay in http://www.amazon.com/Minn-Kota/pages/2596629011 which there lyeth soe numerous islands and soe thick and neere with each other, that will hardly be discerned the amount, but might any deliver pause betwixt, the best part of them having seldom lesse drinking water than 8 or ten fathoms about them"--Background of Travalle into Virginia Britannica.] [Footnote 7: This, by far the most striking cape of the Atlantic coast line, made a really prominent landmark for all of the early sea voyagers nearing it, and all were significantly astounded by it, whether or not they came from the south and fought their way through its shoals to eastward, or, from the north, found themselves captured in the strong pocket which it can make with Cape Cod Bay. The Spaniard Gomez (1525) provided it the title "Cabo de do Aricifes" cape from the reefs, referring to the dangerous shoals towards the eastward. The Frenchmen Champlain and Du Monts named it "Cape Blanc", as well as the Dutch aircraft pilots, also mentioning its soft sand cliffs, called it Witte Hoeck. The English mariners at first accepted his last name of White Cape, but the English Captain Anthony Gosnold, the first to make a direct passage to the waters of the Gulf of Maine from Europe, although at first he called it "Shoal Hope", soon changed this, because of the success of his minn kota edge, to "Cape Cod", which title, commonplace though it be, has been the name to endure despite Prince Charles's attempt to change it to Cape James in honor of his father.] [Footnote 8: Cape Sable, in the the southern area of end of Nova Scotia, has kept this name from very old times. It really is so indicated on the Portuguese map of the middle of the sixteenth century.] BAY OF FUNDY In the different seasons of the season the whole Bay of Fundy  is a minn kota edge floor for sardines and huge herring; and while these are of somewhat much less importance recently than formerly, the principal fisheries of the area nevertheless center round the herring sectors--the supplying of the canning production facilities with the little herring utilized as sardines and the getting of big herring for food and bait. The sardine business of the State of Maine is largely concentrated in the area about and including Lubec and Eastport, where about 30 of the 59 factories and 16 of the 43 operating companies can be found; to ensure that, as the herring catches of recent times have fallen much short of their former dimensions, they still show imposing figures. Previously a lot of the catch was taken in Saint. Andrews (Passamaquoddy) Bay and along the north shoreline from the Bay of Fundy to Lepreau Bay and Point. Lepreau. Of late years hardly any herring have been consumed in these seas, in which the herring colleges that get to October were accustomed to stay until springtime. Of previous minn kota edge in this area Capt. Sumner Stuart, of Lubec, says:
"The herring left St. Andrews Bay as well as the Northern Shore about 1885. There is no summer time netting there now. These waters and Lepreau Bay had been previously really effective fishing grounds, it being not unusual to take 5,000 (count) large herrings (meals seafood) in one haul. They were mainly spring and winter fishing reasons for large herring. The fish seem to have vanished coming from all these grounds at about the same time. "In past years (25 to thirty years back) little herring were powered ashore in such quantities by their opponents--squid, sterling silver hake and dogfish--that it sometimes grew to become essential for the respective authorities at St. John to use a snowplow to cover them where they set rotting around the seaside." From the data from the sardine and smoked-herring business for your calendar year 1924 (a year, whether it is observed, in which the sardine business almost achieved low--degree tag for the pack) the seas of the Bay of Fundy furnished to American buyers on your own a total of herring for smoking and canning reasons amounting to 76,756,250 pounds highly valued to the anglers at $957,665. This showing, bad as it is in comparison with the numbers of other many years, by no means represents the herring fishery being an unimportant business. There still continues to be to be accounted for the catch of herring of Grand Manan and the nearby Canadian Provinces. A brand new supply of income to the fishermen in this business continues to be developed in purchasing herring scales by companies involved in the creation of synthetic pearls. For this purpose there have been collected at Eastport and Lubec 700,000 lbs of herring scales, valued at $a, ; and 39 additional amount was taken at Grand Manan of 140,000 pounds, valued at $7,000. Along with other entrants already within the field, this branch of the business bids fair to grow to still greater importance.
A quote of the amount of weirs in St. Andrews Bay, by Capt. Guilford Mitchell of Eastport, Me., is as comes after: Canadian: 1921: 126 weirs 1923: 40 weirs Calais to Eastport: 1921: 35 weirs; 1923: 7 weirs Total amount in Canadian, 1923 and operation about 300; American under 130. North Shore and coast of Nova Scotia. Along the Northern Shoreline and from Yarmouth to Cape Sable, spanning a difficult bottom, cod abound. The western shore of Nova Scotia is virtually all fishing ground for cod, haddock and hake and cusk, but trawling is somewhat handicapped here by strong tides and rocky bottom, these combining to destroy much gear. In summer these fish are occasionally found close inshore along the southwest coast, going somewhat beyond Digby to the northward, though halibut are somewhat unusual on this western shore except about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy. Haddocking is very an essential business away Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, during the winter, the sets becoming of rather brief period and created in the slack of the tide at high water. This exercise is created essential from the heavy tidal currents on these reasons. The whole western coastline of Nova Scotia is herring floor at some season of the year. "Drifting" for herring was formerly a considerable industry from Digby to Briers Island, but in these last few years it has not been important, although the year 1927 had a very good run of large food fish. This traditional western coastline can also be an essential minn kota edge region for lobster guys. These fish were never so numerous here as upon the outer shore of Nova Scotia, even though swordfishing in the Bay of Fundy was formerly profitable in September. St. Marys Bay is really a summer herring floor. Good haddocking may be hadalso and here, from Apr 15 to October 15, using the time period from the opening of the minn kota edge in Apr as much as July 15 the best of it. The mackerel fishery from the Bay of Fundy seems of comparatively small importance in these latter years. The local anglers state that the fish are unable to originate minn kota endura 30 the tides of those waters! The large quantity of small herring should be an inducement sufficient to bring them right here. Evidently these seafood pass straight inshore northwesterly and get to the coastline of Maine. A considerable amount of this species is taken by traps and by netting in St. Marys Bay as well as in the overall vicinity of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, as at Cranberry Brain, Burns Point. Beaver
River, Forest Harbour, and at many other factors among Yarmouth and Cape Sable; but the inner seas of the Bay of Fundy display very slim catches when compared with the great amount taken on the outer shores of Nova Scotia in a typical mackerel season. It really has been 32 many years, it is stated, because a variety of mackerel have been "connected" in St. Mary's Bay. Lurcher Shoal. This is situated WSW, from Cape St, Mary 19 kilometers and WNW, from Cape Fourchu, faraway 13 miles, it is an irregularly formed piece of base, a rocky ground, about 5 miles lengthy, south and north, by 3 miles wide, There are a number of "nubbles" arising to5 and 7, and 9 fathom depths--with a place noted as getting only 12 ft water over it-- rising from your typical depths over the remainder of the shoal of from 13 to 15 fathoms. Over this typically rocky bottom are spread areas of pea gravel and of shells, Depths about the shoal come from 30 to 50 fathoms spanning a base consisting mostly of stones, Tide rips are very heavy right here, The months and varieties found listed here are as on Trinity: cod, pollock and haddock and herring, this is a good lobster floor. Trinity Shoal. This shoal, 14 miles N. by W. from Cape Fourchu and 7? kilometers SW. from Cape Saint Mary, having a difficult base upon it and over an indefinite region about it, is probably 3 kilometers lengthy, NE and SW, by some 2 kilometers wide. Over the greater part of the shoal there are depths of from 6 to 10 fathoms, with an average of from 12 to 16 fathoms over the sandy and stony ground about it, though near the center is a rock, uncovered at low water. There exists a powerful tide rip here around the eastern and northeastern component known as Deluge Tide Eddy, in which is good fishing manually line for pollock in September and October. By trawling, Cod and haddock are taken here in small amounts. This is a herring ground also, and there is a lobster floor on the shoal and all about it. A cod ground expands overseas SW from Briers Tropical island, beginning about 5 kilometers right out of the island and stretching to around 18 kilometers from your land. Its width is all about 4 miles. Depths over this area come from 40 to 60 fathoms spanning a hard, shelly bottom. Cod are taken within from 30 to 44 fathoms around the shoal ground running from 5 kilometers from Gull Rock and roll and the Southern-West Ledges down to the Lurcher Shoal, a range of approximately 22 kilometers. Between these factors minn kota edge is done mostly by hand-coating "in a drift." Cod are bought out the ledges in 5 fathoms water and thence to 60 fathoms about them from August to Nov. Pollock are taken by the same method. The best months are August. Sept, and October. This is a good lobster floor. Northwest Ledge. Is situated about 3 3/4 miles northwesterly from Briers Island. This can be a bit of rocky bottom about 2 miles lengthy by something less than 1 mile wide with depths of from 2 to 10 fathoms over the soundings and ledge of 12 to 30 fathoms around the gravelly ground about this. Cod are normally found here in great deal from September to November, inclusive, and are taken manually-coating. Pollock are also taken here in summer, "drailing" manually collection. A narrow bit of rocky floor with relatively greater depths connects this with Batsons Shoal, some 5 miles SW., the 2 thus creating what is practically one piece of floor. The methods of fishing, the species taken, and the seasons of their abundance are the same on both, though depths on Batsons Shoal are rather less than on Northwest Ledge. The bottom all about these two grounds is rocky, with from 20 to 40 fathoms inside of them, but this deepens rapidly to 100 fathoms over rocks and coarse gravel outside of them to W. and NW.
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