Published on November 5, 2007
‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Bangers at breakfast A presentation to the Bristol Respect Academy in Sept 2006 by: Mark Harrison – Chief Inspector, Kent Police Home Office, Respect Squad Expert Practitioner Trevor Kennett – London Borough of Newham Home Office, Respect Squad Expert Practitioner Andy Kerrigan – Senior Policy Advisor Home Office, Anti-Social Behaviour Unit Tim Clarke – Bristol City Council Environmental Health Slide2: Tackling fireworks-related anti-social behaviour Bangers at breakfast Slide3: Key points Behaviour intervention model Firework categories Impact of misuse & gathering intelligence Firework offences Tools and powers Engaging the community, partnership working & case study Slide4: Did you know? Fireworks were first made in China in the 800s by exploding bamboo shoots filled with gunpowder. A ‘sparkler’ burns at temperatures of up to 2,000c. A ‘rocket’ travels at speeds of up to 150 mph. Fireworks can reach heights of 200 metres. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Key Messages PEOPLE THAT MISUSE FIREWORKS NEED TO BE STOPPED. FIREWORKS ARE SEEN AS DANGEROUS AND NEED TO BE HANDLED WITH CARE AND RESPONSIBILITY. IT IS VITAL THAT THIS MESSAGE IS PROMOTED IN COMMUNITIES TO PREVENT THEIR MISUSE. Slide6: Behaviour Intervention Model Information Intelligence Assessment Powers Options Resources Action Structure your action – Behaviour Intervention Model ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Classification of fireworks . Fireworks are classified under British Standard 7114 into the following 4 categories or ‘Adult fireworks’ Category 1 - fireworks suitable for use inside domestic buildings - indoor fireworks Category 2 - fireworks suitable for outdoor use in relatively confined area - garden fireworks Category 3 - fireworks suitable for outdoor use in large open spaces - private display fireworks Category 4 - fireworks which are incomplete or which are not intended for sale to the general public - professional display fireworks The Fireworks Regulations 2004 refer to 'adult fireworks', which are all fireworks with the exception of category 1 fireworks and category 2 sparklers. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Firework categories Category 1 - indoors Category 2 – garden display Category 3 – private display Category 4 – professional display ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ What is ASB involving fireworks? Fireworks being set off late at night with no regard for the noise nuisance this causes, Deliberate physical harm, or threat of harm, caused to people, animals and property. This sort of behaviour can cause communities to live in fear. Any action where fireworks are used to harass, intimidate or cause damage to others is criminal and anti-social. Slide10: Impact of fireworks misuse At one end of the scale Fireworks let off late at night may prevent sleep and cause distress, scaring people and pets. At the other end, fireworks are deliberately used to damage property, or in extreme cases to intentionally injure and harm others. Slide11: The impact of fireworks misuse Bristol 2002, gangs took to the streets and fired fireworks at each other & the police ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Impact of fireworks misuse Firework control is about striking a balance between The responsible enjoyment by the majority and the irresponsible use by a minority. Their use can have a range of impacts on the Community In the wrong hands fireworks can be damaging and dangerous. Slide13: Most Common Nuisance –what did you say? ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Slide19: Every year hundreds of adults and children require hospital treatment from firework injuries, either through accidents or intentional attacks. It is therefore very important that we make people aware of the law and intervene when individuals choose to ignore it. Impact of fireworks misuse ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Slide21: Resources There is a robust package of legislation in place to protect communities from the misuse of fireworks, which enables the; Police Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) Trading Standards and Customs Officers and Other partners agencies The Community – the largest partner you have! working together, to tackle these problems in our neighbourhoods and communities. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Tools and powers Tools and powers can be put to use where fireworks misuse is part of a wider anti-social behaviour problem, and could include the use of – Acceptable Behaviour Contracts/Agreements (ABCs & ABAs) Anti-social Behaviour Injunctions (ASBIs) Dispersal Orders and Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs). Noise nuisance legislation ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Curfew on fireworks use It is also important to balance the use of fireworks with the community’s right to peaceful enjoyment of their lives. That is why legislation places requirements on when fireworks can be used, and, should individuals break the law, the police have powers to take action. Regulation 7 of the Fireworks Regulations 2004 makes it an offence for any person to use ‘adult fireworks’ between the hours of 11pm and 7am – except for ‘permitted’ fireworks nights.These exceptions, where the curfew start time is later, are as follows - ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ ‘permitted’ fireworks nights These exceptions, where the curfew start time is later, are as follows - • 5 November – 12 midnight • Diwali – 1am - 21st -25th October • New Year’s Eve – 1am • Chinese New Year – 1am - February 18th 2007 The penalty for this offence is a maximum fine of £5,000, six months imprisonment, or both. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Penalty notices for disorder - PND Police and Accredited Persons can issue PNDs. They are a quick and effective way of tackling fireworks misuse. This power allows agencies to punish offenders immediately with £80 fines. PNDs are part of the wider drive to crackdown on anti-social behaviour involving fireworks and offer a quick method of dealing with firework offences. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Who can issue PNDs? PNDs can only be issued by certain individuals - • uniformed police officers; • police community support officers (PCSOs) who have been designated with this power by the chief of police; and • persons who work in a community safety role, including neighbourhood wardens, park rangers, etc. who have been ‘accredited’ with this power by the chief of police. For further information on ‘accredited officers’ visit www.respect.gov.uk ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Penalty notices for disorder – age limits Penalty notices for disorder can be issued to those aged 16 and over. However, seven police force areas are currently piloting the issuing of PNDs to 10-15 year olds. Include West Midlands Police, including British Transport Police, Essex Police, Lancashire Police, Nottinghamshire Police, Merseyside Police and Metropolitan Police - Kingston division who have already used these PNDs to good effect. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Police power to stop & search Police Officers have the power to stop and search if they suspect an individual of being in possession or that a vehicle contains prohibited fireworks Introduced by section 115 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005. Guidance can be found in the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 “PACE Code A” http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crimpol/ police/system/pacecodes.html. © City of London Police Slide29: Sanctions to tackle the problem - dispersal ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Working together If there is a fireworks problem within a community then local people and local organisations need to work together to tackle the problem. The most effective fireworks safety campaigns around the country are a result of partnerships between different local organisations. It is important that local businesses, community groups and others such as schools and youth groups are involved. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Trading Standards teams across the country regularly uses volunteer children to carry out test purchases from retailers of age-restricted products to ensure the law is being complied with. Test purchasing is carried out in accordance with government guidelines. Volunteers will not lie about their age, so the diligent retailer who complies with the law has nothing to worry about. In addition to this type of enforcement, provide information and advice for businesses about the sale of age-restricted products. Test Purchase – Under age sales Slide32: Keeping your community informed Communities need to be informed of the responsible use of fireworks. Made aware of the penalties for committing a firework offence. Leaflets, posters and briefings at community meetings are a good way of informing people of what constitutes a firework offence and what the penalties are for breaking law. These could be merged with safety campaigns. ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Halloween & fireworks season now blend into one period of high demand. Consider joint messages. Work with retail sector and partner agencies. 5,000 posters placed in shops across Kent. Getting the message across ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Develop a strong partnership brand 80,0000 safety leaflets issued to school pupils across Kent ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Keeping your communities informed Local newspaper ASBO leaflet ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Tell your staff what you want them to do Kent Police Intranet wallpaper reaching 6,500 staff across the organisation Strong brand – ‘Excalibur’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Average fines 2003 - £322.14 per person Average fines 2004 - £291.67 per person Average fines 2005 - £400.00 per person Newham - ‘No Go Zone’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ 2003 firework season – 82.4% illegal sales 28/34 attempts No notice to traders 2004 firework season – 43.9% illegal sales 18/41 attempts ‘No Go Zone’ information packs multi-lingual 2005 firework season – 7.3% illegal sales 4/55 attempts As 2004 but ‘NGZ’ pack included media clips highlighting prosecutions Newham - ‘No Go Zone’ ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ • Use ASBOs and ABC/ABAs to tackle fireworks misuse, especially when it is only one aspect of a perpetrator’s anti-social behaviour. • Work closely with the Fire Service. • Provide an all night noise service during the peak periods. • The police have the power to stop and search anyone they suspect of carrying illegal fireworks. • Work with trading standards to tackle illegal sales. • Use PNDs for a fast, effective alternative to prosecution. Don’t forget ‘Bangers at breakfast’: ‘Bangers at breakfast’ Finally Domestic burglaries and theft AND of vehicles increase by around 5% during November as people take less care of home and car security, often whilst out enjoying fireworks displays or welcoming friends for fireworks in gardens. 25% of all domestic burglaries are committed by opportunists taking advantage of a door or window left unlocked. Important to include advice as part of your firework communication strategy Slide41: Need help? ActionLine 0870 220 2000 www.respect.gov.uk Slide42: And finally… Fireworks are seen as dangerous and need to be handled with care and responsibility. It is vital that a similar message is promoted in communities to prevent and stop their misuse. Not many people misuse fireworks, but those who do need to be stopped.