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FireWatchTraining

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Published on January 20, 2008

Author: Tutu1

Source: authorstream.com

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Fire Guard/Fire Watch Training :  Fire Guard/Fire Watch Training JFH-MS-ARF-FM What is a Fire Watch?:  What is a Fire Watch? Fire Watches are designated personnel for armory rental purposes that have the responsibility to prevent and/or react to emergency situations in event of a fire. Their sole duties are to observe for emergency situation and to prevent unsafe acts. Duties and Responsibilities:  Duties and Responsibilities Be familiar with the facility and the emergency exits. Know the location of all handicapped personnel in your area of responsibility. Know the primary and secondary evacuation routes. Check & Ensure that all exits are open and operational. Know the location of any hazardous materials or situations in your area (remove if possible). Know the location of pull stations and how to turn in an alarm. Know how the alarm system responds. Know how to use the fire extinguisher equipment, where it is located & ensure it is operational prior to the event. Fire Facts:  Fire Facts The United States has one of the highest fire death rates in the industrialized world. Between 1994 and 1998, an average of 4,400 Americans lost their lives and 25,100 were injured annually. 100 firefighters are killed annually. 2 million fires reported each year. Many others go unreported. Direct property loss is estimated to be $8.6 billion annually. Each year fires kill more Americans than all natural disasters combined. Fire:  Fire IN CASE OF FIRE Evacuate the building Call the fire department from outside the building. Do not fight the fire unless: it is small (waste basket size). you have a clear way out Smoke:  Smoke Most people killed in fires actually die from inhalation of smoke and/or toxic fumes long before the fire reaches them. Modern fabrics and materials are composites with hazardous fumes when ignited. A small trash can fire can become a room engulfing inferno within 3 minutes. Most smoke alarms do not activate until between 1.5 and 3 minutes after a fire starts. Get low, get out! Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers When faced with a fire, you must make some split second decisions: Do I want to put out this fire? How do you operate this thing, anyway? Do I need help? Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Time is critical in any first-aid fire situation…. The employee must be able to make split-second decisions with confidence. Are the capabilities of this extinguisher sufficient for the size of the fire? Does the fuel source make the fire too hazardous for this extinguisher? Is the extinguisher the proper type for this type of fire? Is there a safe way to turn off or remove the fuel source? Do environmental conditions indicate that fighting this type of fire would endanger others or me? Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers When seconds count…… Even a willing operator cannot successfully extinguish a fire unless they know how to actuate the available equipment. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers TYPES OF FIRE There are three common types or classes of fire: Class A - Combustible material Class B - Flammable liquid Class C – Electrical and Class D - Combustible metals (not as well known) Fire Extinguisher Labeling:  Fire Extinguisher Labeling Letter symbols and picture symbols make it easy to select the proper extinguisher for the type of fire. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Stored pressure In stored pressure models the expellent gas and extinguishing agent are stored in a single chamber and discharge is directly controlled by the valve Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Stored pressure These units have the advantage of being easily inspected since most are equipped with a pressure gauge indicating that the unit is ready for use. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Extinguisher Placement (Travel Distance) The following chart contains OSHA requirements for classes of fires and travel distance to an extinguisher. Some local requirements may be stricter, so you should always check with your local fire marshal /fire prevention office. Fire Class Travel Distance Class A *75 ft. (22.9m) or less Class B 50 ft. (15.2m) Class C Based on appropriate A or B Hazard Class. Class D 75 ft Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Safety Tips: Portable Fire Extinguishers This is a brief overview of the important points of using a portable fire extinguisher. Fire can be devastating, but when used properly, a fire extinguisher can save lives and property. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Maintenance The best piece of equipment will not operate if it is not recharged and maintained properly. History has proven that nearly every fire extinguisher failure can be traced back to human negligence. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers USING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER The P.A.S.S. word is a method for operating most common fire extinguishers. It is a four step method. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Utilize the P.A.S.S method. {P} Pull, remove the pull pin. {A} Aim, point the nozzle at the base of the fire. {S} Squeeze, depress the lever to start the discharging of the chemical. {S} Sweep, move the extinguisher with a sweeping motion at the base of the fire until the fire is out. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers Remember………. The average hand portable extinguisher will only operate for 30 seconds ----- There is NO TIME to learn during an actual emergency. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers IN CASE OF FIRE Make sure the fire extinguisher is rated for the type of fire and that you know how to use the extinguisher. (All MSARNG fire extinguishers are ABC rated). Start as far away from the fire as possible Always back away from the fire even if it appears to be out. Slide21:  Fire Extinguishers Fight the fire only if: It is small. (Waste basket size or smaller) It is contained to one area. You know how to use the fire fighting equipment. The extinguisher is capable of containing the fire. You can extinguish the fire or remove the fuel source. No one else is in danger. Fire Extinguishers:  Fire Extinguishers It is reckless to fight the fire if ALL of these conditions do not exist. Instead leave the building, closing the doors behind you to slow the spreading of the fire and smoke. Evacuation:  Evacuation Evacuation is always the best option! If there is any doubt about completely putting out the fire, not controlling it, get out! Ensure all personnel in your area of responsibility are out. Keep stairwells open and keep people moving. Disabled Employees or Visitors:  Disabled Employees or Visitors Move disabled personnel who cannot reasonably evacuate the building/floor to an area of refuge. An area of refuge is a location away from the fire, behind doors and with expectations of safety until rescue is effected by trained fire fighters. Notify fire fighting personnel immediately upon arrival of exact location of all disabled persons. Doors and Exits:  Doors and Exits Doors, even non fire rated doors, slow the movement of fire and are especially helpful in slowing toxic smoke fumes. Ensure all doors are closed as personnel exit the room or area. Close hallway doors if you know all personnel have evacuated the immediate area. Close stairwell doors to prevent smoke from traveling upward. Once Evacuation is Complete:  Once Evacuation is Complete Once evacuation is complete, ensure personnel do not reenter the building. Account for all personnel in your area through coordination with the supervisors or organizers. Notify the fire department of any missing personnel and/or exact location of disabled persons. Do Not Renter Building until told it is safe to do so by the Local Fire Department! Summary:  Summary When a fire occurs: Get out! - ensure all personnel get out or move to an area of refuge. Call 911 from outside – give location and name. Stay Out! Do not reenter until told it is safe to do so by Fire Department personnel.

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