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Information about firesafety

Published on February 7, 2008

Author: Susann


Fire Prevention and Use of Fire Extinguishers: Fire Preventionand Use of Fire Extinguishers U.S. Fire Statistics – 2004 NFPA: U.S. Fire Statistics – 2004 NFPA A Fire Department Responds to a Fire in the U.S. Every 20 Seconds 3900 Fatalities (One Every 135 Minutes) 17,785 Injuries (One Every 30 Minutes) Home Fires Account for 82% of the Fatalities 911 Calls (>2 Million Calls) 62% Request for Aid (EMS) 9% False Alarms 7% Fire-Related U.S. Fire Statistics – 2004 NFPA: U.S. Fire Statistics – 2004 NFPA Leading Cause of Non-Home Structured Fires Intentional Fire Setting Leading Cause of Fires in Mercantile Properties or Office Buildings: Lighting or Electrical Distribution Equipment Potential Fire Hazards at Work : Potential Fire Hazards at Work Electrical Wiring/Heat Generating Appliances Kitchen Area Storage and Handling of Flammable/Combustible Materials Open Flames Vehicle Fires Electrical/Heat Generating Equipment: Electrical/Heat Generating Equipment Computers/Printers Office Equipment Lights Appliances Coffee Makers Toasters Microwave Ovens Mug Warmers Heaters - Not Allowed For Prevention of Electrical/Heat Generating Fires: For Prevention of Electrical/Heat Generating Fires Equipment UL Listed Plug Directly into Outlet Do Not Overload Outlets, Power Strips, or Surge Protectors One Power Strip/Surge Protector Should Not Plug into Another Power Strip Only One Power Strip or Surge Protector Per Duplex Outlet Maximum Cord Length for Surge Protectors and Power Strips – 6 Feet For Prevention of Electrical/Heat Generating Fires: For Prevention of Electrical/Heat Generating Fires Shut Off Appliances/Equipment Periodically Inspect Wiring for Wear Care in Using Microwave Especially Popcorn How a Fire Starts: How a Fire Starts Three Components Fuel Heat Oxygen Need All Three to Start a Fire Fire Extinguishers Remove One or More of the Components Types of Fire Extinguishers: Types of Fire Extinguishers Most Common Extinguishers: Water Carbon Dioxide Multi-Purpose Dry Chemical Each Extinguisher has Specific Use(s) Common Types of Fires: Common Types of Fires Class A - Wood, Paper, Cloth, Plastic, Rubber Class B - Flammable Liquids, Oil, Gasoline, Grease Class C - Electrical, Energized Electrical Equipment Use of Fire Extinguishers: Use of Fire Extinguishers Water Extinguisher Class A (Wood, Paper, Cloth, Plastics, Rubber) Carbon Dioxide Class B (Flammable Liquids) and Class C (Electrical) Multiple Purpose Dry Chemical Class A, B, & C, or Class B & C Only Numbers on Fire Extinguisher: Numbers on Fire Extinguisher Front of the Letter “A” Equals to the Equivalent Number of Units for 1.25 Gallons of Water 2A Equals 2.5 Gallons of Water (2 X 1.25) Front of the Letter “B” Area in Square Feet That a Non-Expert is Able to Extinguish a Class B Fire 10B Equals 10 Square Feet How to Use A Fire Extinguisher: How to Use A Fire Extinguisher Sound Fire Alarm/Contact Fire Dept. Identify Safe Evacuation Path Before Approaching the Fire Do Not Allow Fire/Smoke to Come Between You & Evacuation Exit Select Proper Type Fire Extinguisher Discharge Extinguisher Using P.A.S.S. Back Away From a Fire (May Flare Up) How to Use A Fire Extinguisher (Continued): How to Use A Fire Extinguisher(Continued) Evacuate Immediately If: Extinguisher is Empty & Fire Is Not Out; or Fire is Beyond Incipient Stage P.A.S.S. : P.A.S.S. 1. PULL - Pull the Pin (Breaks the Seal) 2. AIM – Aim Low, Pointing the Nozzle at the Base of the Flame 3. SQUEEZE – Squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent 4. SWEEP – Sweep from Side to Side at Base of Fire Until It Appears to Be Out Decision to Use Extinguisher: Decision to Use Extinguisher Feel Comfortable? Small Contained (Such as a Waste Basket) Do Not Use Extinguisher Flames Have Spread Solvents Smoke, Products of Combustion Uncontained, Fire and/or Heat/Smoke Block Evacuation Path Fire Emergency Procedures: Fire Emergency Procedures Fire Alarm Pull Stations, Typically Located: Elevator Lobby Area; and/or Near the Emergency Exit Doors Leading to the Stairwells Call 9-911, Then Contact Security 79790 ( for 1111 Franklin Street) Warn Others in Immediate Area Use Fire Extinguisher Only if It’s a Small Fire and Safe to Do So Fire Emergency Building Evacuation: Fire Emergency Building Evacuation Will Cover at Future Safety Meeting Evacuation Plans: Building Specific Need Floor Warden Participation Typical Extinguisher/Fire Pull Station Locations: Typical Extinguisher/Fire Pull Station Locations Fire Extinguisher Fire Alarm Pull Station Fire Prevention Trips: Fire Prevention Trips Minimize Paper Accumulation in Offices, Storage Areas Electrical Cords in Good Condition Use Surge Protectors Electrical Circuits Not Overloaded Turn Off Coffee Pots, Cup Warmers, Computers, Copiers, and Printers at End of Day Care in Using Microwave Ovens Fire Extinguishers at Home: Fire Extinguishers at Home Same Principles in the Use Select ABC Type Location of Home Fire Extinguishers Kitchen (Not Right Next to Stove) Rating 1A10BC Garage/Workshop Rating 2A10BC Think Fire Safety: Think Fire Safety Be About Fire Safety Smart

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