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Information about fingerprint101

Published on January 9, 2008

Author: Soffia


Slide1:  8th Grade Forensic Science T. Trimpe 2006 Fingerprint Principles:  Fingerprint Principles According to criminal investigators, fingerprints follow 3 fundamental principles: A fingerprint is an individual characteristic; no two people have been found with the exact same fingerprint pattern. A fingerprint pattern will remain unchanged for the life of an individual. Fingerprints have general characteristic ridge patterns that allow them to be systematically identified. Fingerprint Classes:  Fingerprint Classes There are 3 specific classes for all fingerprints based upon their visual pattern: arches, loops, and whorls. Each group is divided into smaller groups as seen in the list below. Interesting Info:  Interesting Info Fingerprint Fact: 60% of people have loops, 35% have whorls, and 5% have arches Did you know? Police investigators are experts in collecting “dactylograms”, otherwise known as fingerprints. Arches:  Arches Arches are the simplest type of fingerprints that are formed by ridges that enter on one side of the print and exit on the other. No deltas are present. Loops:  Loops Loops must have one delta and one or more ridges that enter and leave on the same side. These patterns are named for their positions related to the radius and ulna bones. Whorls:  Whorls Whorls have at least one ridge that makes (or tends to make) a complete circuit. They also have at least two deltas. If a print has more than two deltas, it is most likely an accidental. Draw a line between the two deltas in the plain and central pocket whorls. If some of the curved ridges touch the line, it is a plain whorl. If none of the center core touches the line, it is a central pocket whorl. Whorls – Part 2:  Whorls – Part 2 Quick Tips:  Quick Tips If a fingerprint has no deltas, it is an arch. If a fingerprint has one delta, it is a loop. If a fingerprint has two or more deltas, it is a whorl.

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