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Finding And Generating News

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Information about Finding And Generating News

Published on September 22, 2007

Author: Brett509

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This lecture focuses on how PR practitioners can better understand the role and paradigm of the journalists they pitch.
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Finding and Generating News PR 313

Dealing with Gatekeepers You may control the presentation of your press campaign, but you can’t control how it is used by journalists

You may control the presentation of your press campaign, but you can’t control how it is used by journalists

Media Gatekeepers Journalists are flooding by PR reps How do you break through the clutter?

Journalists are flooding by PR reps

How do you break through the clutter?

Trading Spaces Put yourself in the position of the journalist What will you respond to? What are the challenges you face?

Put yourself in the position of the journalist

What will you respond to?

What are the challenges you face?

Some challenges Limited space Limited time Pressure to be correct Pressure to be “fair and balanced” Desire to tell the “truth” Information overload Competitive pressure

Limited space

Limited time

Pressure to be correct

Pressure to be “fair and balanced”

Desire to tell the “truth”

Information overload

Competitive pressure

What can you do? Target your campaigns intelligently Shape your pitch so that it conforms with what the public and media will respond well to Be a student of psychology and human behavior

Target your campaigns intelligently

Shape your pitch so that it conforms with what the public and media will respond well to

Be a student of psychology and human behavior

Helping the Writer By helping the writer/editor acquire the information, the PR person is directly involved in the research for the story In some cases, this can help “spin” the story in a direction desired by the PR company

By helping the writer/editor acquire the information, the PR person is directly involved in the research for the story

In some cases, this can help “spin” the story in a direction desired by the PR company

Inside the Mind of the Journalist Journalists look for the following criteria when determining “what is news”

Journalists look for the following criteria when determining “what is news”

What is Newsworthy? Timeliness Prominence Proximity Significance Unusualness Human Interest Conflict Newness

Timeliness

Prominence

Proximity

Significance

Unusualness

Human Interest

Conflict

Newness

Timeliness How recently did (or will) the event happen? Live event? The more time that passes, the less newsworthy a story is

How recently did (or will) the event happen?

Live event?

The more time that passes, the less newsworthy a story is

Timeliness When your client makes an announcement, you must make sure that the information reaches the media immediately Sometimes, you can give the press information early so that they can prepare the news story in advance “ Press Embargo” “ Non-disclosure”

When your client makes an announcement, you must make sure that the information reaches the media immediately

Sometimes, you can give the press information early so that they can prepare the news story in advance

“ Press Embargo”

“ Non-disclosure”

Timeliness Tap into current events and holidays for possible news coverage Find a hook that links your campaign to the news Example: Movie download service Movielink gets publicity due to the media’s interest in the timely topic of movie piracy

Tap into current events and holidays for possible news coverage

Find a hook that links your campaign to the news

Example:

Movie download service Movielink gets publicity due to the media’s interest in the timely topic of movie piracy

Prominence Celebrity adds credibility and news value to a campaign A marginal pitch might get coverage when you add a well-known spokesperson

Celebrity adds credibility and news value to a campaign

A marginal pitch might get coverage when you add a well-known spokesperson

Prominence “ One” Campaign Enlisted celebrities to call attention to the cause

“ One” Campaign

Enlisted celebrities to call attention to the cause

Example Katie Couric went on a media tour to discuss the importance of getting colonoscopy cancer-screening tests 20% increase in the procedure in the following months after the campaign

Katie Couric went on a media tour to discuss the importance of getting colonoscopy cancer-screening tests

20% increase in the procedure in the following months after the campaign

Proximity Does your pitch have a local angle?

Does your pitch have a local angle?

Proximity Statistic: About 70% of all news coverage in business/financial sections focuses on LOCAL businesses If you are doing a national campaign, customize a local pitch for each regional media outlet

Statistic: About 70% of all news coverage in business/financial sections focuses on LOCAL businesses

If you are doing a national campaign, customize a local pitch for each regional media outlet

Significance How does the information impact the audience? Create a pitch that addresses a concern or need of the audience

How does the information impact the audience?

Create a pitch that addresses a concern or need of the audience

Significance Example: After 9/11 attacks, there was public concern about safety in high-rise buildings “ High-rise Office Parachute” product got tons of publicity

Example:

After 9/11 attacks, there was public concern about safety in high-rise buildings

“ High-rise Office Parachute” product got tons of publicity

Unusualness An unusual event or PR campaign might generate some news interest Example: “ World’s largest sandwich” event sponsored by Bimbo Bakery (Mexico City)

An unusual event or PR campaign might generate some news interest

Example:

“ World’s largest sandwich” event sponsored by Bimbo Bakery (Mexico City)

Unusualness Example: Amazon.com issues a press release that promotes the site’s “number one” reviewer Harriet Klausner has written over 12,000 reviews without pay for the site

Example:

Amazon.com issues a press release that promotes the site’s “number one” reviewer

Harriet Klausner has written over 12,000 reviews without pay for the site

Human Interest Is there an emotional component to the campaign? If it is “interesting,” then it may be newsworthy

Is there an emotional component to the campaign?

If it is “interesting,” then it may be newsworthy

Human Interest Example: World AIDS Day is Dec. 1 Campaign to raise awareness might include a personal story of someone impacted by AIDS Media responds to the “human interest” angle

Example:

World AIDS Day is Dec. 1

Campaign to raise awareness might include a personal story of someone impacted by AIDS

Media responds to the “human interest” angle

Conflict Conflict and tension tends to get news coverage A PR campaign can jump into the discussion/debate Use caution in these situations

Conflict and tension tends to get news coverage

A PR campaign can jump into the discussion/debate

Use caution in these situations

Conflict Example: Political PR campaign for pro-life vs. pro-choice Your candidate can gain publicity by aligning with a particular side in the debate

Example:

Political PR campaign for pro-life vs. pro-choice

Your candidate can gain publicity by aligning with a particular side in the debate

Newness If it is perceived as “new,” then it is elevated in news importance Many PR campaigns repackage or reinvent something old into something “new” to gain publicity

If it is perceived as “new,” then it is elevated in news importance

Many PR campaigns repackage or reinvent something old into something “new” to gain publicity

Newness Example: Tide detergent has been “new and improved” each year for decades

Example:

Tide detergent has been “new and improved” each year for decades

Applying the News Criteria As you strategize your PR campaign, you should look internally and externally to determine possible news angles to pitch

As you strategize your PR campaign, you should look internally and externally to determine possible news angles to pitch

Internal Conduct a needs assessment with your client What activities/initiatives/products/services might be considered relevant to the media

Conduct a needs assessment with your client

What activities/initiatives/products/services might be considered relevant to the media

Some Things to Consider Is there anything new happening? Is there a high-profile personality involved with a project? Is there anything unusual happening? Is there anything with human interest?

Is there anything new happening?

Is there a high-profile personality involved with a project?

Is there anything unusual happening?

Is there anything with human interest?

External Look outside the organization for events or trends that you can tap into Be pro-active in pitching the media about your initiative – within the framework of the larger news/event phenomena

Look outside the organization for events or trends that you can tap into

Be pro-active in pitching the media about your initiative – within the framework of the larger news/event phenomena

Example As a reporter, I often needed a legal perspective for some of my stories One very media-savvy lawyer made a point to “reach out” to me Gave me her cell number Willing to help me research legal info Willing to give a quote Her career benefited from the exposure I got my quote/credibility

As a reporter, I often needed a legal perspective for some of my stories

One very media-savvy lawyer made a point to “reach out” to me

Gave me her cell number

Willing to help me research legal info

Willing to give a quote

Her career benefited from the exposure

I got my quote/credibility

Creating News A PR person can help to “create news” by understanding what journalists respond to “ Pseudoevents” Contests Polls and Surveys

A PR person can help to “create news” by understanding what journalists respond to

“ Pseudoevents”

Contests

Polls and Surveys

Develop a Media Campaign Strategy On the following slides, you will see several scenarios that require you to develop a media campaign strategy Using the “news criteria” cited in the previous slides, develop your thoughts on how you would deal with the media on behalf of your client in each scenario

On the following slides, you will see several scenarios that require you to develop a media campaign strategy

Using the “news criteria” cited in the previous slides, develop your thoughts on how you would deal with the media on behalf of your client in each scenario

Media Campaign Strategy Your findings should include: Who is/are the public(s) you are trying to reach? How will you reach them? Develop specific strategies Include a local angle, if possible What is your message? Include key “talking points”

Your findings should include:

Who is/are the public(s) you are trying to reach?

How will you reach them?

Develop specific strategies

Include a local angle, if possible

What is your message?

Include key “talking points”

Scenario No. 1 Lavoris Mouthwash is a 100-year-old brand It was the first consumer mouthwash However, it is perceived as stodgy and old-fashioned Sales are down and the product is no longer carried by most retailers Develop a strategy that can begin to revive this brand and change public perception

Lavoris Mouthwash is a 100-year-old brand

It was the first consumer mouthwash

However, it is perceived as stodgy and old-fashioned

Sales are down and the product is no longer carried by most retailers

Develop a strategy that can begin to revive this brand and change public perception

Scenario No. 2 Actor Tom Cruise is having a career crisis He is getting negative press due to his strange public behavior and some bias toward his religious beliefs Develop a strategy to help him turn the public perception around!

Actor Tom Cruise is having a career crisis

He is getting negative press due to his strange public behavior and some bias toward his religious beliefs

Develop a strategy to help him turn the public perception around!

Scenario No. 3 Motorola was recently given an “F” grade by Greenpeace due to its poor support of recycling Develop a strategy to help Motorola reverse the public perception that it is not eco-friendly

Motorola was recently given an “F” grade by Greenpeace due to its poor support of recycling

Develop a strategy to help Motorola reverse the public perception that it is not eco-friendly

Scenario No. 4 FIFA (the organization behind the World Cup) is trying to take the sport to the “next level” in the U.S. Despite massive global popularity, professional soccer is not too popular in the U.S. Develop a strategy to increase awareness and enthusiasm for the sport

FIFA (the organization behind the World Cup) is trying to take the sport to the “next level” in the U.S.

Despite massive global popularity, professional soccer is not too popular in the U.S.

Develop a strategy to increase awareness and enthusiasm for the sport

Scenario No. 5 Computer company Dell recently recalled several million laptop batteries due to concerns that they might catch fire Consumer confidence is shaken in the company Develop a strategy to win back the trust of consumers

Computer company Dell recently recalled several million laptop batteries due to concerns that they might catch fire

Consumer confidence is shaken in the company

Develop a strategy to win back the trust of consumers

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