Published on February 26, 2014
Financing strategies for integrated landscape management Seth Shames EcoAgriculture Partners International Forum on Landscape restoration, governance and climate change San Salvador, El Salvador February 17-18, 2014
Elements of integrated landscape management 1. Shared or agreed management objectives encompass multiple benefits (the full range of goods and services needed) from the landscape. 2. Field, farm and forest practices are designed to contribute to multiple objectives including human wellbeing, food and fiber production, climate change mitigation, and conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. 3. Ecological, social, and economic interactions among different parts of the landscape are managed to realize positive synergies among interests and actors or to mitigate negative trade-offs. 4. Collaborative, community-engaged processes for dialogue, planning, negotiating and monitoring decisions are in place. 5. Markets and public policies are shaped to achieve the diverse set of landscape objectives and institutional requirements.
Climate-smart agricultural landscapes: Food, livelihoods, mitigation, resilience, ecosystems
Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative
Value of ILM vs non-integrated alternatives Public and private benefits ● Efficiencies in public sector planning , inter-agency and spatial ● Diversified revenue streams provide economic resilience in the landscape ● Reducing supply chain risk ● Access to new markets including certified commodities and PES
ILM finance study objectives ● Identify mechanisms and strategies used by ILIs to access finance ● Identify mechanisms and strategies of financial institutions to finance and benefit from ILM ● Provide recommendations and mobilize dialogue with financing institutions to improve ILM finance
Asset investment and enabling investment Asset Investments Enabling Investments Finance for an activity that creates tangible value. Funding the generation of the incentive to invest. Mostly through loans and equity investments. Often by FIs with no expectation of financial reward.
Motivations of finance institutions
Scoping Finance Institutions and Financing Mechanisms for ILM > 200 Institutions; > 250 Mechanisms; Wide range of ILM investment
Finance institution case studies Investment fund managers Althelia, Moringa, Ecoenterprise fund, Commercial bank Rabobank National Bank Brazil Rural Credit Institutional investor TIAA CREF Company Bunge Environmental Markets, Nestle Multilateral public sector Global Environment Facility, WB BioCarbon Fund Bilateral public sector NORAD NICFI, USAID
Types of ILIs by dominant actor National government-led, large multi-lateral donors •Examples: Mt. Kenya East Pilot Project (now Upper Tana), Kenya; Gishwati watershed, Rwanda; Loess Plateau, China •Types of finance: Multi-lateral and bi-lateral funds, DFIs, domestic funds Regional initiatives and platforms •Examples: Lombok/British American Tobacco, Indonesia; Atlantic Forest Restoration PACT, Brazil •Types of finance: Multi-lateral, bi-lateral, banks, commodity roundtable investments, private foundations, labour and in-kind contributions, PES Traditional, local or community-led • Example: ASPROINCA, Colombia • Types of finance: Labour and in-kind, private foundation, PES, government (national, regional or local) NGO-led, civil society organizations Private sector-led (smallscale farmers to agribusiness, forestry, mining) •Eamples: Namaqualand, South Africa; Bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão do Boi, Brazil •Types of finance: Private foundation, Multi-lateral, domestic development banks, government, community contributions, PES, labour and in-kind • Examples: Guyaki Yerba Mate; Sustainable Cattle in Practice - pilot phase, Brazilian Round Table on Sustainable Livestock • Types of finance: Supply chain investments, private foundations, in-kind, PES
Landscape initiative case studies ● Atlantic Rainforest, Brazil, Espírito Santo Regional platform: Atlantic Forest PACT ● Lake Naivasha, Kenya Government-led: Imarisha Naivasha ● Namaqualand, South Africa Conservation International
Scoping results: Mapping the flow of ILM finance
Examples of public and private finance mechanisms for ILM
Challenges of scale: time horizon, investment size, risk appetite
ILM enabling investment challenges and innovations ● Public sector institutions are siloed ● ILI start-up and coordination is underfunded ● Enabling investment is not sufficiently reducing risk for private investors
Recommendations ● Increase investment in enabling conditions for ILM ● Continue to clarify and communicate the ILM business case ● Reduce risk for private sector investment with public policy ● Reduce risk for private sector investment with innovative financial mechanisms ● Develop partnerships between financial institutions and landscape stakeholder groups ● Integrate sectoral planning at the landscape scale for green growth and climate change investments
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