Published on March 10, 2014
Lesson 1: Exploring the Interface Apple Pro Training Series 2nd Edition Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
Using the DVD Files from the Book • Insert the DVD from the book • Open Finder and make a folder in Documents for the APTS FCP X.sparseimage file currently on the DVD • Copy the APTS FCP X.sparseimage file from the DVD to the Documents folder on your Mac • Do not try to run the files straight off the DVD Copy the book files from the DVD to your computer
Using the DVD Files from the Book • Acts as an external drive APTS FCP X.sparseimage • Double-click the file • Drive appears on your desktop when started Turn on • Eject or drag to trashcan when done • Original file is not trashed; just ejecting the external drive Turn off
Apple Pro Certification • Complete the course material from the book • 1st half in BC 142, 2nd half in BC 361 • Take the certification exam online • More info on the DVD and in the text Become an Apple Certified Pro
How to Use These Lessons • These boxes contain information about a certain topic Information boxes Action boxes: If you see a yellow border box, you will need to do something in Final Cut Pro. Follow every step to keep up in the lesson. Homework assignments are normally based on the lesson. The illustration area showing what the function or action looks like in Final Cut.
How to Use These Lessons • Page 68 • Create a new sequence • Mark all the clips listed on the page • Drop them onto the timeline in that order • Export your sequence • Export using QuickTime Conversion • Format - iPod • Save as (your name) Week 1.m4v • Post in Homework folder on iTunes U Mark and Drop into a Sequence • Each lesson has a homework assignment • Assignments are posted on iTunes U as your name • Sam Week 1.m4v Homework with each lesson Example of homework assignment for each lesson at the end of the slideshow.
Starting up Final Cut Pro • From the Application folder • Double-click a Library from the Movies >Final Cut Libraries folder • Select the app from the Launchpad 3 ways
Load the Lesson Content Double-click on the APTS FCPX disk in your Documents folder to start up the external drive. The drive should appear on your desktop.
Starting up Final Cut Pro If it isn‟t there already, drag the Final Cut Pro icon to your dock. In the dock, click the Final Cut Pro icon and start up FCPX. -- the program will load and also load the content from the lessons drive
Workflow Import your media into Final Cut Pro Organize Your Media Create a Project & Add Clips Rearrange & Edit your Clips Add Effects & Transitions Share your Movie
Workflow Import your media into Final Cut Pro • Transfer your media (video, audio, and still images) from your recording device to your computer or an external disk. • You can import media from cameras, SD cards, and other applications such as iMovie.
Workflow Organize your media • Reorganize your clips by creating Events and moving clips between Events. • Rate clips as Favorite or Rejected. • Makes it easier to focus on your best footage. • Other useful organizing tools, such as Keyword Collections and Smart Collections.
Workflow Create a project and add clips to it • Your project is the movie you create using clips from your Events • Start creating your movie by adding clips to the Timeline.
Workflow Arrange and edit your clips • The Rough cut - Rearrange and trim clips in the Timeline. • Try out different clips using audition. • Use connected clips and storylines to add cutaway shots, titles, background music, and sound effects to your project.
Workflow Add effects and transitions • Add special effects from the media browsers. • Give your movie titles and credits • Add video or audio transitions. • Adjust clip speed settings • Keyframe video and audio effects, correct color, and composite motion graphics.
Workflow Share your movie • Publish your movie right from Final Cut Pro to the web, or send it to iTunes, iPhone, iPad, iPod, or Apple TV. • You can also burn a disc to give to others.
The Elements of Final Cut Pro • Media that is captured from your camera to the hard drive • Imported from internal or external drive • Non-volatile Media Files • Objects that reference to the media file • Sort, trim, arrange on your timeline • Video, audio, graphics Clips
The Elements of Final Cut Pro • Series of clips arranged together • Forms a storyline Timeline • What you are working on • Contains all the elements you use: • QuickTime clips, music, sound effects, narration, graphics Project
Timeline Viewer Understanding the Final Cut Pro Interface Toolbar Library
Browser Window Inspector Understanding the Final Cut Pro Interface
The Library Libraries holding Events Event Project Event Clips
• Organizes your source media files. • Projects and the clips you use for your project are saved in an Event Library • Holds your project, clips, and special folders to help organize your clips • Smart collections and keyword collections Event The Event Library
Event Library Icons Click on the icon to reveal the Event Library if necessary • Allows you to see all the events saved • You can hide this column once you have selected the event you are using Show/Hide
Select an Event Select the Delicious Peace Event under LESSON 1 -- Selecting an Event displays the project and its clips to the right of the Library Close the Library by clicking on the open/close icon on the bottom.
Event Browser • Screen clips • Select which chip or portions of clips to use or not use for your project • Set start and end points (in & out point) • Favorite or reject • Sort clips Event Browser
Content-Sensitive Pointer • Final Cut Pro also has a context-sensitive pointer. • As you move the pointer over the interface, it may change to allow you to perform a specific function The Pointer
Content-Sensitive Pointer Position the pointer over the border between the Event Browser and Viewer. When the pointer changes to the vertical resize pointer, drag right to increase the size of the Event Browser window.
Tooltip • Placing your pointer over an icon will reveal what the tool does • The letter following the description is the shortcut to use this function Tooltip
Try out the Tooltip Click on a clip in the Event Browser. Position the pointer over the green star icon at the left end of the toolbar. -- A tooltip explains that this tool marks a clip as one of your favorites. The keyboard shortcut to access this function is F.
Pop-up Menus • Allows you to access more than one option • Click on the pop-up menu to see the options available Pop-up Menus
Try out a Pop-up Menu In the toolbar, click the Tools pop-up menu. Move the pointer over the first tool in the Tool palette. -- Select tool A If it‟s not already the active tool, click to select it.
Menus • The Final Cut Pro menu bar organizes topics by categories such as View, Mark, Modify, Sha re, and so on. • Within each menu, specific functions that share a similar purpose are grouped together. Menus
Menu Keyboard Shortcuts • Many menu items can be chosen by pressing a keyboard shortcut • Single letter or combination of letter and Shift, Control, Option or Command • These keyboard shortcuts are often displayed next to the item in its menu. Menu Shortcuts
Menu Keyboard Shortcuts Choose Window > Media Browser. Move the pointer into the submenu and choose Effects. -- Notice that the keyboard shortcut for this option is Command-5
Menu Keyboard Shortcuts • In the lower right of the Timeline, the Media Browser window displays Final Cut Pro effects. • In the toolbar above the Browser, the Effects icon is highlighted in blue. 2 Things Happen
Control-Clicking • Brings up a shortcut list of things that can be done to the selected item CTRL Click • CTRL Click • Right click • Two-finger click with track pad on your laptop Three ways
Control-Clicking Click the close button (X) in the upper left corner to close the Effects Browser -- or click the highlighted media icon. Move the pointer into the Event Browser and Control- click (or right-click) any thumbnail image.
Viewing & Sorting Clips In the Final Cut Pro workflow, you import media files into Events, which are displayed in the Event Browser You can organize your clips by name, duration, or in the order the clips were shot
Viewing & Sorting Events Open the Library In the Library, select LESSON 1 Select the Delicious Peace Event,
Viewing & Sorting Events From the Action pop-up menu, choose Group Clips By > Duration -- Event Browser now groups the clips by duration.
Viewing & Sorting Events From the Action pop-up menu, choose Group Clips By > None Now try Sort by > Duration -- Clips are sorted by duration, but not grouped together.
Viewing & Sorting Events From the Action pop-up menu, choose Sort By > Name -- Clips are sorted by their name.
Viewing Clips in the Event Browser • Often it‟s more productive to quickly skim through clips to search for a particular person or action. • Other times, you may want to play the clip in real time to get a sense of timing or content in a scene. To Skim or to Play?
Viewing Clips in the Event Browser Make sure the Delicious Peace Event is selected in the Library To see all the clips in this event, choose „All Clips‟ in the Browser Filter Pop-up menu.
Event Browser Duration Slider • Adjusts how much of the clip is shown as a filmstrip • The shorter the duration, the longer the filmstrip • Can be set to „All‟ so each clip is only a thumbnail Duration Slider
Viewing Clips in the Event Browser Beneath the Event Browser in the lower-right corner, drag the Duration slider to 5s and notice how the clips look. Drag the slider all the way to the left to All so each clip is only a thumbnail.
Viewing Clips in the Event Browser Click the first clip, beans being hulled. To skim its content, move your pointer (now a Hand icon) from one side of the clip thumbnail to the other. -- notice that the skimmer (thin pink vertical line) travels with you as you skim through the thumbnail, and a large view of the clip appears in the Viewer.
Skimmer vs. Play head • Pink line that travels along as you move your pointer Skimmer • A white vertical line that appears when you click in a clip. • Stays in place when you click, like placing a bookmark at a specific frame or action to which you may want to return. Play head
Skimmer vs. Play head In the beans being hulled clip, click a frame in which a bean is coming out of the chute in mid-flight. Now move the pointer to another frame to find a different flying bean, and then skim back to the play head.
Change the Duration Slider Drag the Duration slider until the duration reads 2s, representing two seconds. Now scroll up and down to see the new display of clip thumbnails. -- one thumbnail appears for every two seconds of media in each clip
Selecting & Playing a Clip Select the grind stone clip Press the Spacebar to play the clip then press it again to stop playing the clip. As you start and stop, watch the toolbar above the Timeline to see the numbers change in the Dashboard.
Playing a Clip • L – Play forward • K – Pause • J – Play backwards Play Shortcuts • LL – Shuttle forward • JJ – Shuttle backwards • KL – Slow motion forward • KJ – Slow motion backward Fast & Slow
Using J, K, L Press „L‟ to play the clip forward. Listen to find the point at which the woman says, “It has a nice smell.” Then press K to stop playback. Press the J key twice to shuttle backward to a point before the woman‟s statement Press L to play through the clip again.
Clip Appearance Options • If you prefer to see more clips in the Event Browser, you can reduce the size of the clip thumbnails. • You can also choose whether or not to display an audio waveform on the clip. Clip Appearance Button
Clip Appearance Options Click the Clip Appearance button. From the Clip Appearance pop-up menu, deselect Show Waveforms. Then drag the Clip Height slider to the left to reduce the size of the thumbnails and display more clips in the Event Browser.
Event Browser Options To the right of the Action pop- up menu, click the List View button. In the Event Browser, click the Name column to sort the clips by name. Then scroll through the list and click the map of Africa clip. Skim through the filmstrip at the top of the window.
Clip Cues in the Viewer • Let‟s you know when you are at the very beginning or end of a clip • Seen in the Viewer Sprocket Holes Skim though the Map of Africa clip to see the overlays in the Viewer.
Building a Project • Combine selected video and audio clips, or portions of clips, into a project that tells your story. • You add music and sometimes narration, photos, titles, and anything else that brings your story to life. The Editing Process
Working in the Project Library Open the Delicious Peace project in the Timeline - -- Double-click its project icon -- Select it then press Return • Video = blue tracks • Audio = green tracks Track Colors
Viewing Projects in the Library • You view projects as a list in the Project Library, but play and edit those projects in the Timeline. • In the Timeline window, you can view and edit one project at a time. • View a project in the Timeline using the same navigation techniques used to preview a clip in the Event Browser. Getting Around
Viewing Projects in the Library Play the project in the Timeline by pressing the Spacebar. As you play to the end of the project, the white play head moves through the clips. Pause the play head and try skimming though the project
Viewing Projects in the Library • Home & End key • Go to start, go to end of project • Laptops = fn & fn • JKL • Backwards, pause, forwar ds • JJ, LL = shuttle backwards, shuttle forwards • KJ & KL = slow motion Getting Around
Viewing Projects in the Library • & keys • Move backward or forward one frame • Shift & Shift keys • Move backward or forward 10 frames at a time • Up & Down arrow keys • Previous & next edit point Getting Around
Viewing Projects in the Library Press fn to move the play head to the beginning of the project. Press the Down Arrow a few times until you see the brown close-up Uganda map in the Viewer.
Viewer Overlays • An L-shaped symbol in the lower-left corner of the Viewer indicates that the play head is positioned on the first frame of the edited clip. L Overlay Press the once to move the play head to the last frame of the previous clip to see the „end of clip‟ overlay in the viewer.
Getting Around Try out some keyboard shortcuts to move around in your project: - Spacebar - J, K, L keys - combining J & K, K & L together - JJ & LL - up and down arrow keys - and arrow keys
Viewer Transport Controls • Transform/Crop/Distort tool • Previous edit • Play/Pause • Next edit • Full Screen Getting Around
Getting Around Try out the Viewer controls to move around in your project. Try out the full screen playback. -- press Esc key when done
Zooming in & Out of your Project • Zoom into an area for a closer look to see a clip name or view more thumbnails representing the clip. • Shortcuts: • Command = (+) zoom in • Command – zoom out • Shift Z to see whole project A Better Look
Zooming in & Out of your Project Click the Timeline to make it the active window, and press Command = (equals) two times to zoom into the skimmer or play head location. To scroll forward through the project, use the scroll feature on your mouse or track pad. -- 2 fingers left and right
Zooming in & Out of your Project • You can also zoom in and out by dragging the Zoom control in the lower right of the Timeline. A Better Look
Changing Clip Appearance • Thumbnail size • Clip height • Show connected clips • Show pop-up menu Clip Appearance • When sweetening audio • When you have several tracks Handy
Changing Clip Appearance Click on the Clip Appearance button and change the thumbnail size of your clips. Change the track height. Notice the change to the connected audio clips when you turn „Show Connections‟ on and off.
Saving, Duplicating, Hid ing, Closing • FCP saves your project automatically in the background Saving • You can duplicate a project to save a version of your work before you make more changes • Select your project in the Project Library and File > Duplicate (Command D) Duplicating
Saving, Duplicating, Hid ing, Closing • You can hide FCP to work on other things like any other Mac program • FCP > Hide FCP or Command H • Click on the icon in the dock to bring it back Hiding • If you are finished working, quit the program by choosing Final Cut Pro > Quit Final Cut Pro, or by pressing Command-Q Closing
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 • Clip selection becomes a favoriteF • Choose the Select toolA • Turn skimming on/offS • Turn audio skimming on/offShift S • Play/pause a clip in event browser or in the timeline Spacebar
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 • Play backwards, pause, play forwardsJ K L • Slomo backwards & slowmo forwardsJK & KL • Move play head back 1 frame & move play head forward 1 frame K tap J & K tap L • Play clip or project in reverseShift Spacebar • Position play head to beginning or end of project Home/End or fn
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 • Event Browser – select previous or next clip • Timeline – go to previous or next edit Up & Down Arrow • Move the play head backward or forward 1 frame Left & Right Arrow • Move the play head backward or forward 10 frames Shift Left & Right Arrow • Hide FCPCommand H • Quit FCPCommand Q
Homework This Week No homework this week! Well, be sure to practice those shortcuts and learn what the buttons do in the Event Browser, Viewer and Timeline.
Lesson 1: Exploring the Interface Apple Pro Training Series 2nd Edition Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
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