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Information about FI110

Published on October 9, 2007

Author: Coralie


Solar Geysers – a CDM perspective :  Solar Geysers – a CDM perspective TATA BP Solar case study The Facts :  The Facts It is estimated that nearly 5 Lakh homes in Bangalore city alone consume 3 million units of power every day between 6 AM & 9AM for water heating alone. 32.8 Million MW of solar energy strikes Indian landscape every second Solar Water Heaters :  Solar Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters:  Solar Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters:  Solar Water Heaters Schematic – Two tank system :  Schematic – Two tank system The panel :  The panel Performance of SWH:  Performance of SWH Weather and Seasonal Changes in the Sun Path Collector Orientation for optimal performance – year round Maintenance (Scaling, Transparency etc.) Solar- Path :  Solar- Path Sectors :  Sectors Industrial Hospitals Domestic Sector Hotels Hostels SWH Global Scenario :  SWH Global Scenario China 4,000,000 India 2,000,000 Japan 1,000,000 Europe 890,000 South Korea 500,000 Turkey 430,000 Israel 400,000 USA 25,000 In square meters of collectors installed Indian Scenario :  Indian Scenario GHG emission reduction :  GHG emission reduction An effective DSM tool 1000 Domestic water heaters shaves about 1 MW of peak load Most of peak power is fossil fuel based Replaces electrical counterpart (at least partially) TATA BP Solar India Limited :  TATA BP Solar India Limited A case study The Company:  The Company Leading solar equipment manufacturer in India Sales turnover 1900 Million during 2001 Sales Record :  Sales Record Solar Geysers :  Solar Geysers In different sizes 100 – 10,000 LPD Applications Bathing Medicinal bathing Boiler feed Process heating Pool heating , washing , cooking CDM- Assumptions :  CDM- Assumptions Solar geysers will replace electrical counterparts Current market growth will sustain for 3 years and later at 10% annum Major policy changes NOT expected (espl. In –ve direction) Reduced selling price on geyser will enhance the market adoption rate KP Ratification & Enforcement Additionality :  Additionality Investment Barrier YES Technology Barrier not obvious Prevailing practice YES Market adoption rate YES Baseline methodology:  Baseline methodology I.C 12b SSC-PDD Different Baseline & M&V for domestic and Commercial & Industrial systems Domestic Systems To be bundled to reduce m&V costs Weighed average emission of the peak load generation mix (meth to be recommended) Baseline methodology contd..:  Baseline methodology contd.. Industrial Systems Displaces Diesel generated electricity than grid electricity – generation mix at the grid level is unfair Commercial Systems Bundling is necessary Current generation mix of the grid Monitoring & Verification :  Monitoring & Verification Recording annually No. of systems Operating Estimating the annual hrs. of operation Unresolved :  Unresolved Uncertainties of base line Change in usage pattern of hot water Climatic condition (monsoon, depression etc) Solar intensity on ground (reduced 10% in last few decade) Asian brown haze ? Maintenance = Performance Can be substantiated by buffer calculations (meth recommendation ?) Annual targets are difficult to meet

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