FC34AD41 CEF7 430F 980586684E7B45AB

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Published on October 18, 2007

Author: Brainy007

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Slide1:  PFP PLANNING SYMPOSIUM 2001 DEFENCE REFORM – A COMMON CHALLENGE WITHIN THE PARTNERSHIP Oberammergau, Germany, 18 - 19 January 2001 The Reform of the Defence Sector in Switzerland by Ambassador Anton Thalmann,  Head of the Swiss Mission to NATO Switzerland:  Switzerland THE REFORM OF THE DEFENCE SECTOR IN SWITZERLAND PFP PLANNING SYMPOSIUM 2001 Ambassador Anton Thalmann Head of the Swiss Mission to NATO Brussels Schweiz-Suisse-Svizzera-Svizra - Switzerland:  Schweiz-Suisse-Svizzera-Svizra - Switzerland Surface: 41’284 km2 Population: 7, 5 Million (20 % Foreigners) Capital: Bern Cantons: 26 Religion: 46 % Catholics 40 % Protestants 14 % Others Slide4:  Basic options for Switzerland continuation of the cautious opening Security Policy 2000: “Security trough cooperation” (cooperation, short of joining) ? ? Return to full autonomy in security policy Membership in alliance (NATO, WEU) Neutrality:  Neutrality Declining relevance de facto in absence of belligerent powers in the neighbourhood Former times Today West East Individual countries Individual countries N CH friendly abroad Far abroad Driving Forces of Swiss Defence Reform:  Driving Forces of Swiss Defence Reform New threat analysis since end of Cold War Evolution towards cooperative security in Europe (strategy of concentration on isolated territorial defence obsolete) Solidarity among beneficiaires of Euro-Atlantic security (burden sharing) Changes in civil society (effect on available leadership personnel, consequences for career planning of militia officers etc.) Cost factor (ever increasing price of equipment, pressure for peace dividend, necessity to ease burden on private sector due to high hidden costs of Swiss militia system etc.) Swiss Army Reforms:  Swiss Army Reforms Army 61: 600‘000 (Cold War) Army 95: 400‘000 (post Cold War, but only quantititavely) Army XXI: 119‘000 „active“ conscripts 80‘000 „reserve“ with clear post-Cold war profile (mobility, interoperability, brigade/batallion structure, more professionals, etc.) Slide8:  Report 2000 on Swiss Security Policy Armed forces missions contributions to international peace support and crisis management area protection and defence promotion of peace Report 90 Report 2000 prevention of war and defence assistance as a contribution to generally safeguarding our means of existence contributions to prevention and mastering of existential dangers Phases of Swiss Defence Reform:  Phases of Swiss Defence Reform Security Policy (completed) Political Directives FC (Sep 98) Sec Policy Report 2000 (June 99) parliamentary debate Army Reform XXI (ongoing) Political directives FC (May/Dec 2000) Framework document A XXI (in preparation) parliamentary debate + legislation (Subject to referendum) Army XXI (beginning 2003) Significance of Interoperability SWI - NATO in view of neutrality (1):  Significance of Interoperability SWI - NATO in view of neutrality (1) Interoperability aimed at participation in PSO, S+R and humanitarian operations Interoperability also helps to prepare for worst case if SWI undergoes large scale attack and thereby loses neutrality (option of „cooperation in defence with the enemy of the enemy“) Significance of Interoperability SWI - NATO in view of Neutrality (2):  Significance of Interoperability SWI - NATO in view of Neutrality (2) Interoperability must not lead to irreversible dependance: Neutrality must remain possible. Changes since WW II: Much less time available to execute worst case option (swiftness of modern WMD attacks) In certain cases: No autonomous means of defence available (balistic missiles, etc.) Means of achieving Military Interoperability:  Means of achieving Military Interoperability Swiss Partnership Goals (PGs) Improvement & extension of Swiss PARP involvement Planning of Army XXI Continuing participation in Partner training programmes Increasing participation also in military exercises Participation in KFOR Partnership Goals 2000 (1):  Partnership Goals 2000 (1) GENERAL (17) G 0355 LANGUAGE REQIREMENT G 2702 CJTF HQ AUGMENTATION G 2781 MESSAGE SYSTEMS UPGRADE G 2790 SATCOM FOR DEPLOYED FORCES G 3781 CIMIC GROUP G 3782 GENERAL CIMIC COMPANIES G 4000 MULITNATIONAL JOINT LOGISTICS CENTRE (MJLC) STAFF G 4002 LOGISTIC C2 AUGMENTATION G 4244 MEDICAL SUPPORT FOR DEPLOYED LAND AND AIR FORCES Partnership Goals 2000 (2):  Partnership Goals 2000 (2) G 4250 SINGLE FUEL CONCEPT G 4251 TACTICAL FUEL HANDLING EQUIPMENT G 4350 BIOLOGICAL WARFARE VACCINE STOCKS FOR DEPLOYABLE FORCES G 4490 COLLECITVE NBC PROTECTION LAND FORCES (9) L 0001 LAND OPERATIONS AND TRAINING L 0550 UNATTENDED GROUND SENSORS (UGS) AND/OR LAND SURVEILLANCE VEHICLES (LSV) Partnership Goals 2000 (3):  Partnership Goals 2000 (3) L 1030 BRIDGING EQUIPMENT L 2721 INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF LAND FORCE HEADQUARTERS L 2801 UPDATE OF TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS L 4211 NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR DEPLOYED FORCES FOR PFP OPERATIONS L 4216 SPECIALISED SUPPORT ELEMENTS FOR PFP OPERATIONS L 4252 FUEL HANDLING FOR GROUND VEHICLES Partnership Goals 2000 (4):  Partnership Goals 2000 (4) AIR FORCES (7) A 0001 AIR OPERATIONS AND TRAINING A 0541 UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES (UAV) A 1100 SUPPORT AIRCRAFT AND HELICOPTERS FOR NATO LED PFP OPERATIONS A 1459 AIR NAVIGATION AIDS AND RADIOS A 2821 DEPLOYABLE AIR BASE C2 AND NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS A 4152 MULTINATIONAL DEPLOYABLE AIR TRANSPORT HANDLING CAPABILITY A 4516 MULTINATIONAL INTEGRATED SURVIVE- TO-OPERATE (STO) CAPABILITIES Political directives of Federal Council for framework document on Army XXI (May/December 2000)(1):  Political directives of Federal Council for framework document on Army XXI (May/December 2000)(1) Militia/conscript principle maintained Mission according to Federal Constitution (Art. 58+59) and Security Policy report 2000 of FC Contribution to international peace support + crisis management „Area protection“ + defence Subsidiary operations in favor of civil authorities to fight existential dangers Ability to cooperate, without alliance membership Size; 119‘000 conscripts as „active“ component + 80‘000 „reserve“ Political directives of Federal Council for framework document on Army XXI (May/December 2000)(2):  Duration of conscription for enlisted personnel 280 days in „refresher course“ system, 300 in one block system end of military service at age 30 NB: Basic training („recruits‘ school“) = 24 weeks; annual refresher courses = 19 days Component armed forces: Land Forces + Air Force Cost envelope: SF 4,3 bio p.a. during transition (till 2003) Available troops for international missions: 1‘600 p.a. in 2 rotations Political directives of Federal Council for framework document on Army XXI (May/December 2000)(2) Composition of „Reserve“ (80‘000):  Composition of „Reserve“ (80‘000) 4 annual contingents of servicemen having accomplished basic training (160 days) + 6 refreshes courses (6 x 19 days) 10 annual contingents of servicemen having accomplished 300 days training in one Note: Only officers may be called up for max. 5 days p.a. Swiss Army Command structure: Debate on position of CHOD in peacetime:  Swiss Army Command structure: Debate on position of CHOD in peacetime Commander in chief Commander Land Forces Chief of General Staff Commander Air Force Actual legal base: art. 158/1 of Federal Constitution (specific historical background) ? Partial Reform of Military Law ahead of Army XXI on armament of Swiss peacekeeping contingents:  Partial Reform of Military Law ahead of Army XXI on armament of Swiss peacekeeping contingents Will wave present restrictions on arming of Swiss peacekeepers (present legislation allows only armament of individuals for immediate self-defence; excludes armed contingents) At present: compensatory mechanisms for participation in armed peacekeeping use of professional personnel (ALBA operation) KFOR-type solutions (SWISSCOY in Austrian contingent in MNB S) reform is essential element for Army XXI (capacity to cooperate/interoperability in crisis management) referendum launched / vote June 2001 Costs of national military defence of Swiss Confederation 1998 In Mio CHF (= ~ $ 0.63):  Costs of national military defence of Swiss Confederation 1998 In Mio CHF (= ~ $ 0.63) Command 205 Training / Instruction 1’210 Infrastructure 650 Logistics 1’210 Acquisitions 1’960 Total 5’235 Costs of Swiss defence 1998 (Federal, Cantonal and Communal) in Mio CHF (= ~ $ 0.63):  Costs of Swiss defence 1998 (Federal, Cantonal and Communal) in Mio CHF (= ~ $ 0.63) Budgetary Armed forces 5’355 Civil Defence 415 National Defence 5’770 Social Insurance 790 Others 465 Total 7’025 Extrabudgetary Labour 1’245 Real Estate 440 Others 325 Total 2’010 Costs according to international standard in relation to GNP in %:  Costs according to international standard in relation to GNP in % Military spending per capita in CHF:  Military spending per capita in CHF

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