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Published on June 26, 2007

Author: Clown

Source: authorstream.com

Temporal distribution of favourite books, movies, and records: Differential encoding or re-sampling?:  Temporal distribution of favourite books, movies, and records: Differential encoding or re-sampling? Steve M. J. Janssen, Antonio G. Chessa andamp; Jaap M. J. Murre University of Amsterdam Methods to examine autobiographical memory:  Methods to examine autobiographical memory Free narratives Free narratives Diaries Free narratives Diaries Three most important (or vivid) personal events Free narratives Diaries Three most important (or vivid) personal events The Galton-Crovitz cueing method (cue words, pictures, odours) Temporal distribution autobiographical memory:  Temporal distribution autobiographical memory Childhood amnesia Childhood amnesia Reminiscence bump Childhood amnesia Reminiscence bump Recency effect Rubin, Wetzler andamp; Nebes (1986) Hypotheses reminiscence bump:  Hypotheses reminiscence bump Are events stored better in early adulthood? Are events stored better in early adulthood? Differential encoding hypothesis Are events stored better in early adulthood? Differential encoding hypothesis Are events from early adulthood recalled more frequently? Are events stored better in early adulthood? Differential encoding hypothesis Are events from early adulthood recalled more frequently? Re-sampling hypothesis What is the influence of rehearsal?:  What is the influence of rehearsal? Books are read only once or twice Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1996): Participants gave highest preference ratings to movies that came out when they were 26 Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1996): Participants gave highest preference ratings to movies that came out when they were 26 - Sehulster (1996): Average age when participants saw favorite movie was 27.6 Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1996): Participants gave highest preference ratings to movies that came out when they were 26 - Sehulster (1996): Average age when participants saw favorite movie was 27.6 Records are listened to numerous times - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1989): Participants gave highest preference ratings to music hits that came out when they were 24 No experiment which compares books, movies and records Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1996): Participants gave highest preference ratings to movies that came out when they were 26 - Sehulster (1996): Average age when participants saw favorite movie was 27.6 Records are listened to numerous times - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1989): Participants gave highest preference ratings to music hits that came out when they were 24 Books are read only once or twice Movies are watched more frequently - Holbrook andamp; Schindler (1996): Participants gave highest preference ratings to movies that came out when they were 26 - Sehulster (1996): Average age when participants saw favorite movie was 27.6 Records are listened to numerous times Expectations:  Expectations Size of the recency effect; largest for books Size of the recency effect; largest for books Size of the reminiscence bump; largest for records Size of the recency effect; largest for books Size of the reminiscence bump; largest for records Location of the reminiscence bump? Favorites questionnaire:  Favorites questionnaire Participants’ three favorite movies, books and records Participants’ three favorite movies, books and records Within participants three levels of rehearsal Participants’ three favorite movies, books and records Within participants three levels of rehearsal http://memory.uva.nl/testpanel/fav/ Participants’ three favorite movies, books and records Within participants three levels of rehearsal http://memory.uva.nl/testpanel/fav/ English and Dutch version Participants’ three favorite movies, books and records Within participants three levels of rehearsal http://memory.uva.nl/testpanel/fav/ English and Dutch version January 2005 – November 2005 Participants:  Participants N = 895 N = 895 Mage = 32.61 yrs N = 895 Mage = 32.61 yrs 12 age groups – 16-20; 21-25; …; 71-75 N = 895 Mage = 32.61 yrs 12 age groups – 16-20; 21-25; …; 71-75 Nmales = 303; Nfemales = 592 Slide9:  Results:  Results Size of the recency effect (last 5 years) Size of the recency effect (last 5 years) Size of the reminiscence bump (11-25 yrs) Location of the reminiscence bump Size of the recency effect (last 5 years) Size of the reminiscence bump (11-25 yrs) Size of the recency effect (last 5 yrs):  Size of the recency effect (last 5 yrs) Size of the reminiscence bump (11-25 yrs):  Size of the reminiscence bump (11-25 yrs) Location of the reminiscence bump:  Location of the reminiscence bump Results:  Results The distribution of books, which have low rehearsal, had a larger proportion recent items than the distribution of movies and records, which have high rehearsal, Friedman’s rank order-code, Q(2) = 11.17, p = .01, Kendall’s W = .465 The distribution of books, which have low rehearsal, had a larger proportion recent items than the distribution of movies and records, which have high rehearsal, Friedman’s rank order-code, Q(2) = 11.17, p = .01, Kendall’s W = .465 Participants younger than 56 years: The distribution of records had a larger proportion of items from early adulthood than the distributions of books and movies, Q(2) = 9.75, p = .01, W = .609 The distribution of books, which have low rehearsal, had a larger proportion recent items than the distribution of movies and records, which have high rehearsal, Friedman’s rank order-code, Q(2) = 11.17, p = .01, Kendall’s W = .465 Participants younger than 56 years: The distribution of records had a larger proportion of items from early adulthood than the distributions of books and movies, Q(2) = 9.75, p = .01, W = .609 However, participants older than 55 years: The distribution of movies had a larger proportion of items from early adulthood than the distributions of records and books, Q(2) = 6.50, p = .05, W = .813 Conclusions:  Conclusions All distributions showed a reminiscence bump in the distribution (differential encoding) All distributions showed a reminiscence bump in the distribution (differential encoding) However, we also found a larger recency effect for books and larger reminiscence bump for records (re-sampling) All distributions showed a reminiscence bump in the distribution (differential encoding) However, we also found a larger recency effect for books and larger reminiscence bump for records (re-sampling) Therefore, we propose an interaction between differential encoding and re-sampling All distributions showed a reminiscence bump in the distribution (differential encoding) However, we also found a larger recency effect for books and larger reminiscence bump for records (re-sampling) Therefore, we propose an interaction between differential encoding and re-sampling Items are stored better in early adulthood and have a greater chance to be retrieved, which makes these items even stronger Thank you for your attention!:  Thank you for your attention! s.m.j.janssen@uva.nl http://memory.uva.nl/ Distribution of Current Reading, Viewing and Listening of Books, Movies and Records:  Distribution of Current Reading, Viewing and Listening of Books, Movies and Records

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