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FAOSTAT emissions database and Capacity Development for supporting GHG inventories and mitigation actions

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Published on March 12, 2014

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FAOSTAT emissions database and Capacity Development for supporting GHG inventories and mitigation actions

Rocío Cóndor
FAO Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas emissions in Agriculture
FAO - MAGHG


© FAO: http://www.fao.org
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FAOSTAT emissions database and Capacity Development for supporting GHG inventories and mitigation actions Regional African workshops on REDD+ national forest monitoring systems and greenhouse gas (GHG) national inventory systems 25-27 February 2014, Zambia Rocío Cóndor FAO Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas emissions in Agriculture FAO - MAGHG

Outline • Background • FAOSTAT emissions database • Capacity development • Conclusions

FAO Objectives • Identify mitigation strategies that are consistent with food security, resilience and rural development goals. • Improve data and support Member Countries assess and report their GHG emissions from, agriculture, forestry and the land use sector –BURs, NAMAs. • Collaborate with relevant international programmes towards coherent frameworks, focusing on improved rural statistical data.

FAO Activities • Development of a global GHG emissions database within FAOSTAT, with country detail, in collaboration with FAO departments, academia and international organizations. • Direct contribution to IPCC AR5, IPCC Revised GHG Guidelines, UNFCCC COP/MOP and SBSTA events. • Regional Capacity Development workshops with Member Countries to build capacity to report and identify mitigation strategies. • Build synergies with UNDP, UNREDD, Global Strategy.

FAOSTAT Emissions Database + IPCC 2006 Guidelines = & geo-reference data

GHG emissions : categories DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source Emissions-Agriculture Enteric Fermentation CH4 FAOSTAT Manure Management CH4, N2O FAOSTAT Rice Cultivation CH4 FAOSTAT Agriculturalsoils Synthetic Fertilizers N2O FAOSTAT Manure applied to soils N2O FAOSTAT Manure left on pasture N2O FAOSTAT Crop residues N2O FAOSTAT Cultivated organic soils N2O HWSD, GLC2000 Burning - Savanna CH4, N2O GFED4, JRC Burning – Crop residues CH4, N2O FAOSTAT DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source Emissions-LandUse Forest land CO2 FRA Cropland CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Grassland CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Burning Biomass CH4, N2O, CO2 GFED4, FRA-GEZ, HWSD Wetlands CO2 Settlements CO2 Other land CO2

Addressing different needs 1. Global and regional assessments: Unlike for energy, no international agency regularly reports for GHG from agriculture. 2. Fill data gaps and build capacity: a bridging tool for many non- Annex I parties. 3. QA/QC procedures and data analysis: provide an internationally accepted and neutral data platform in support of national reporting. 4. Develop indicators for further analysis: derive complex indexes useful for analysis and policy support.

1. IPCC AR5 AFOLU GHG Data (4,000,000.00) (3,000,000.00) (2,000,000.00) (1,000,000.00) - 1,000,000.00 2,000,000.00 3,000,000.00 4,000,000.00 5,000,000.00 6,000,000.00 7,000,000.00 8,000,000.00 9,000,000.00 10,000,000.00 11,000,000.00 12,000,000.00 1990-1999 2000-2010 tCO2eq AFOLU Emissions, FAOSTAT Forest Management Peat Degradation Biomass Fires Net Forest Conversion Agriculture

1a. Global and Regional Analysis Source: FAOSTAT 39.4% 39.1% 4.2% 6.9% 9.9% 0.5% World, 2010 Enteric Fermentation Agricultural Soils Burning - Savanna Manure Management Rice Cultivation Burning - crop residues 38.8% 33.7% 21.4% 2.4% 3.3% 0.4% Africa, 2010 Enteric Fermentation Agricultural Soils Burning - Savanna Manure Management Rice Cultivation Burning - crop residues

1b. Global and Regional Analysis 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 900,000 1,000,000 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2030 2050 GigagramsCO2eq Agricultural Soils Burning - Savanna Burning - crop residues Rice Cultivation Manure Management Enteric Fermentation Source: FAOSTAT

2. Fill data gaps and build capacity A B C D E F G H E 1990 176,799 57,376 38,803 25,946 1991 182,091 1992 184,842 37,947 1993 185,514 1994 188,412 188,895 213,822 43,953 60,231 37,255 28,077 28,753 1995 192,675 34,272 1996 188,580 35,752 1997 191,793 56,552 1998 193,662 36,548 1999 195,237 2000 201,579 57,526 36,321 30,929 2001 209,286 2002 216,237 37,367 2003 227,472 2004 237,762 33,259 2005 241,227 2006 37,181 2007 2008 2009 2010 A B C D E F G H E 1990 246,450 188,093 141,675 41,106 67,689 21,742 44,041 28,071 31,523 1991 249,275 194,457 143,960 41,928 66,986 22,782 43,359 28,229 31,552 1992 253,058 197,107 145,539 42,770 67,470 25,916 41,902 28,987 32,091 1993 254,170 197,699 149,119 43,637 66,362 28,651 42,500 23,944 32,791 1994 255,644 201,563 155,786 44,530 66,852 30,949 42,476 24,232 33,257 1995 256,993 205,399 168,819 45,448 66,046 31,949 41,866 24,160 33,270 1996 258,404 198,450 171,884 47,596 63,773 33,110 40,736 25,261 34,045 1997 258,921 202,406 155,716 48,710 62,792 34,494 42,423 26,306 33,560 1998 259,181 204,584 168,031 49,865 60,497 35,907 42,740 28,533 33,695 1999 259,415 206,482 172,516 51,196 61,782 37,527 41,774 28,148 32,103 2000 259,328 213,002 176,259 52,314 61,310 39,132 42,213 26,460 32,255 2001 260,434 220,798 172,511 53,612 61,500 40,653 42,397 28,431 32,484 2002 261,129 231,523 166,840 54,960 65,067 41,128 43,336 32,675 32,828 2003 262,269 243,718 165,427 56,414 69,603 43,059 43,453 31,742 32,933 2004 267,000 254,599 165,799 57,804 70,851 43,627 43,230 32,235 33,116 2005 272,048 258,066 165,890 59,324 71,220 44,698 42,887 33,854 34,087 2006 276,763 256,721 163,496 64,387 72,879 45,526 43,122 36,330 34,099 2007 282,726 249,409 156,475 66,385 73,368 45,807 43,443 40,194 34,404 2008 287,997 252,600 157,501 68,470 72,060 45,847 43,922 42,008 34,535 2009 292,914 256,324 157,724 70,624 68,426 46,168 44,649 42,871 35,562 2010 300,981 261,675 159,814 72,931 61,953 46,557 45,070 43,052 35,846 FAOSTAT GHG Emissions World non-Annex I, GHG for Enteric Fermentation UNFCCC National Communications

3. QA/QC Analysis

3. QA/QC Analysis -20000 -10000 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 -20000 -10000 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 FAOSTAT UNFCCC Forest Land CSC, Annex I

4. Develop indicators

Activities on Capacity Development • Technical capacities, in support of Member Countries to: - assess and report GHG emissions from agriculture, including land use activities (Biennial Update Report, BUR) - identify mitigation options, including Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs). • Functional capacities, to strengthen institutions coordination and cooperation: - capacities to access, generate, manage and exchange information and knowledge towards robust GHG inventory, BURs, NAMAs (national data systems). - capacities to engage with relevant national and international agencies and institutions for efficient support to countries. Three levels: Regional; Sub-regional; National

Regional capacity development activities • Inception Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Statistics Da Lat, Viet Nam, 5 - 6 October 2012 33 delegates; 18 countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, LAO PDR, Korea ROK, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam) • Second FAO workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gases Emissions Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 3 - 4 June 2013 29 delegates; 18 countries (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Dominican Republic, Peru, Uruguay, and Trinidad and Tobago) • Third FAO Regional workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Casablanca, Morocco, 2 - 3 December 2013 33 delegates; 21 countries (Algeria, Central African Republic, DR Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Lesotho).

Third FAO Regional workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Casablanca, Morocco) Workshop Objectives: • Raise awareness on the importance of agricultural and forestry statistics for preparing national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and for planning national mitigation actions that link long term agricultural productivity, food security and sustainability • Explore the need for increased capacity in view of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) preparation and new UNFCCC requirements to prepare and submit Biennial Update Reports (BURs), by the end of 2014, detailing national emissions and mitigation strategies • Facilitate communication and exchange of relevant knowledge, at national and regional level, identifying challenges, gaps, and opportunities for improving national data systems and analysis tools.

Key Findings: Data and Institutional Gaps • The workshop identified improved coordination of national activities and actors as essential to meet commitments for the BURs. • Key issues highlighted for progress included reliability, sustainability and comprehensiveness of data collection and analysis procedures. • A key role for FAO was identified and recommended, in order to ensure sustainable assistance to its Member Countries, to facilitate dissemination of technical material, and to further develop its capacity development activities based on country needs and in collaboration with relevant agencies.

Third FAO Regional workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Casablanca, Morocco) Training material from the workshop: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/78840/en/ (English) http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/78840/fr/ (French) Final Report from workshop: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3624e/i3624e.pdf (English) http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3624f/i3624f.pdf (French)

Sub-regional capacity development activities • Workshop on Thematic Geospatial Information in Tropical Peatlands for Agriculture Bogor, Indonesia, 7- 8 November 2013. 70 participants; 3 countries (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Malaysia) • Meso-American working group on agricultural and forestry statistics to support Biennial Update Report (BUR) preparation Under discussion - location to be determined, 2014. • Workshop for the English speaking countries of the Caribbean Region, with IPCC and the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center Under discussion - location to be determined, 2014.

National capacity development activities • Ecuador, Colombia [UNREDD] - AFOLU GHG emission inventory (BURs, NC). - Coordinated process: FAO, UNDP and other initiatives/agencies (CD REDD/EPA). • Indonesia: - GHG mitigation: peatlands management (NAMA). - Facilitate a coordinated national data system for peatland.

International partnering Agencies: • UNDP/LECB • UNDP/UN-REDD • UNFCCC • IPCC (AR5, TFI) • UNEP • UNESCAP • UNECLAC Global initiatives: • UN-REDD • NAMA partnership • LEDS Global Partnership • CD REDD • National agencies

Conclusions • Availability of a global greenhouse gas emission database by country, as tool to support Member Countries to identify and report GHG emissions and mitigation actions in AFOLU sector. • Implementation of Robust Regional Capacity Development Program on Rural Statistics. • Focus on building coherency among relevant programmes, aimed at increasing efficiency of country impacts and in use of donor resources

Thank you!

For more information FAO -Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG): maghg@fao.org FAO/MAGHG web site: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/en/ http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/fr/ http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/es/ FAOSTAT web site: http://faostat.fao.org FAOSTAT emission database (English, French and Spanish): Emissions – Agriculture http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/download/G1/*/E Emissions – Land Use http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/download/G2/*/E Financed by:

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