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Published on October 31, 2007

Author: Mikhail

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  UNEP-ETB Launch Meeting Integrated Assessment of Trade Related Policies Geneva July 15 2005 agricultural biodiversity indicators and assessment methods A synopsis of selected FAO work on Context: FAO Work on Agricultural Biodiversity :  Context: FAO Work on Agricultural Biodiversity CGRFA supported FAO’s lead role on agricultural biodiversity indicators International Treaty on PGRFA: conservation & sustainable use of PGRFA, fair & equitable sharing of benefits -maintaining diverse farming system -increasing availability of genetic diversity -promoting local and locally adapted crops - supporting diversity on farm Context: FAO Work on Agricultural Biodiversity:  Context: FAO Work on Agricultural Biodiversity FAO invited by Executive Secretary of CBD to: Support development of PoW AgBD (COP V/5) ongoing and planned assessments of different components of ag. biodiversity Develop indicators to monitor and assess status and trends of ag. biodiversity (COP V/5; VI/5) Facilitate stakeholder consultation for targets for global strategy for plant conservation (COP VI/9) Identify & develop appropriate indicators for progress towards 2010 target. (COP VII/30) Examples : FAO work on indicators:  Examples : FAO work on indicators Thematic Background Study for the preparation of the Second State of the World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Indicators of genetic diversity, genetic erosion, genetic vulnerability) Development of indicators for monitoring the progress of the Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Preparation of the First State of the Worlds Animal Genetic Resources Indicators for sustainable development of marine capture fisheries Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management Using Markets to Promote the Sustainable Utilization of Crop Genetic Diversity: Assessing the impacts of diversity in the seed supply system on agricultural diversity and farm welfare:  Using Markets to Promote the Sustainable Utilization of Crop Genetic Diversity: Assessing the impacts of diversity in the seed supply system on agricultural diversity and farm welfare Research questions: How to measure crop genetic diversity in the seed supply system? What is the relationship between diversity in the supply system and on farm diversity and welfare? What are the key determinants of diversity in the supply system? Slide7:  Level of diversity Information Costs Local Market Measures of: Availability (supply) Welfare: Wealth, Diet, Resilience On farm diversity utilization Demand Farm HH characteristics Slide8:  Private values: Diversity of genetic “services” provided Dietary and farm consumption Risk management Agricultural Productivity Public values: Pest and disease resistance Preservation of evolutionary process Preservation of knowledge Assessing the impact of diversity in supply on private and public on-farm values Measuring crop genetic diversity: Issues :  Measuring crop genetic diversity: Issues Translating across scales – market to farm Temporal vs. spatial diversity Capturing both private and public values Attributes Agro-morphological characteristics Molecular Assessing policy impact: link to UNEP-ETB work:  Assessing policy impact: link to UNEP-ETB work Agricultural input and output market policies Seed sector regulations Emergency seed relief Commercialization – “supermarkets” Trade? Qualitative and quantitative assessment Sample design Time series Both ex ante and ex post Slide11:  Level of diversity Information Costs Changes in Local Market Measures of: Availability Change in: quantities breeds information costs Policy/Intervention Planned Outputs :  Planned Outputs Methodology development Measuring CG diversity & access in seed supply system Assessment of impact of diversity in supply system on farm outcomes Assessment of policy on diversity access Case studies Mali: sorghum, millet, maize Kenya: sorghum, pigeonpea, maize India: sorghum, millet, Mexico: maize Bolivia: potatoes Mozambique: tobacco, maize Planned Outputs :  Planned Outputs Cross-country database on markets, genetic diversity and household welfare Policy-makers’ guide: managing markets for the sustainable utilization of plant genetic resources Training and capacity building Slide14:  UNEP-ETB Launch Meeting Integrated Assessment of Trade Related Policies Geneva July 15 2005 Thank You

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