Family Violence

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Information about Family Violence
Education

Published on November 24, 2008

Author: edithosb

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation for Soc 2433 Family and Society

Families in Crisis Stressors Violence in Society Violence in the Family

Not all injury to children is due to family-generated violence. Especially in the poorest urban areas, violence is part of everyday life. Keith Meyers/The New York Times Nathenia Kirkland comforting her 3-year-old daughter Yaya, who was wounded by a stray bullet in October and has undergone six operations.

Reuben Hill’s ABC-X Model

Hill's ABC-X Model A: The stressor event External economic recessions, wars, natural disasters Internal Illness, death of a child Acute sudden events such as having one's house robbed Chronic Continues over time, such as a family member with Alzheimer's

A: The stressor event

External

economic recessions, wars, natural disasters

Internal

Illness, death of a child

Acute

sudden events such as having one's house robbed

Chronic

Continues over time, such as a family member with Alzheimer's

Hill's ABC-X Model (2) B: Resources Good health, problem-solving skills, religious belief, money C: The way in which the stressor is defined The same event can be defined in very different ways from one family to the other X: The crisis A, B, and C together determine the nature and magnitude of the crisis, if there is one.

B: Resources

Good health, problem-solving skills, religious belief, money

C: The way in which the stressor is defined

The same event can be defined in very different ways from one family to the other

X: The crisis

A, B, and C together determine the nature and magnitude of the crisis, if there is one.

Domestic Violence PSA

Keith Meyers/The New York Times The walls of abandoned houses in Camden, New Jersey, are often decorated with tributes to young men, some of the dealers, lost in the drug wars.

Child Abuse PSA April is National Child Abuse Prevention Month SBS = Shaken Baby Syndrome

Abuse Within the Family From Oxford County, Maine. 1997. http://www.ume.maine.edu/~ITHCRA/Ithcra/Rumford/rumford_youth.htm#domestic

 

Q 1: A parent leaves a baby in a locked car on a hot summer day. This is an example of . . . A. Neglect B. Poor judgment C. Abuse D. Sexual abuse

A. Neglect

B. Poor judgment

C. Abuse

D. Sexual abuse

Q 2: Laws regarding child abuse are . . . A. Formal norms B. Informal norms C. Social pressure D. Cultural concepts

A. Formal norms

B. Informal norms

C. Social pressure

D. Cultural concepts

Keith Meyers/The New York Times Some homeowners in Camden, New Jersey, like Jose Gonzalez, have enclosed their porches in burglar bars for protection.

Distribution of Couples by Violence Type

The Shelter Movement The shelter movement for battered women was supported by a broad spectrum of groups and individuals. Funding for the shelters came from: federal, state, and local governments church and other nonprofit groups women’s organizations local fund-raising activities The Violence Against Women Act (1994) required the federal government to allocate more money to understanding and stopping violence against women

The shelter movement for battered women was

supported by a broad spectrum of groups and individuals.

Funding for the shelters came from:

federal, state, and local governments

church and other nonprofit groups

women’s organizations

local fund-raising activities

The Violence Against Women Act (1994) required the federal government to allocate more money to understanding and stopping violence against women

Q 3. In the majority of couples, who is the perpetrator of violence? A. The husband / father. B. The wife / mother. C. Both parents. D. No one.

A. The husband / father.

B. The wife / mother.

C. Both parents.

D. No one.

Domestic Violence Facts

Lenore Walker’s Model

Research on Family Violence Women are more likely to be injured than men, according to studies from several viewpoints. Women's shelters contend that Family violence is almost always perpetrated by a man on an innocent female victim This violence will worsen without intervention Studies using the Conflict Tactics Scale disagree: Women are as likely to be violent as men Mutual violence is common Mutual violence declines with age

Women are more likely to be injured than men, according to studies from several viewpoints.

Women's shelters contend that

Family violence is almost always perpetrated by a man on an innocent female victim

This violence will worsen without intervention

Studies using the Conflict Tactics Scale disagree:

Women are as likely to be violent as men

Mutual violence is common

Mutual violence declines with age

Rates of family violence are higher: Among younger parents and partners In families that have little contact with other people In homes where the husband is unemployed In families where one or both partners were exposed to inter-spousal violence or child abuse as children Among those with lower levels of education Among blue-collar rather than white-collar workers

Among younger parents and partners

In families that have little contact with other people

In homes where the husband is unemployed

In families where one or both partners were exposed to inter-spousal violence or child abuse as children

Among those with lower levels of education

Among blue-collar rather than white-collar workers

Q 4. Who is more likely to experience family violence? A. Anne and Andy, both 31 years old, who shout at each other a lot. B. Kristi, a 36 year-old welfare mother living with 40 year-old Sven, who does temporary jobs. C. Jeanine, an 18 year-old working class woman living with 19 year old Pete, who has no job. D. Linda and Luke, who live on a farm.

A. Anne and Andy, both 31 years old, who shout at each other a lot.

B. Kristi, a 36 year-old welfare mother living with 40 year-old Sven, who does temporary jobs.

C. Jeanine, an 18 year-old working class woman living with 19 year old Pete, who has no job.

D. Linda and Luke, who live on a farm.

Responses to Spouse Abuse Three factors are associated with a woman remaining in an abusive relationship (Gelles, 1976): The less frequent and severe the violence, the more likely she is to stay. Women who experienced violence as children were more likely to stay. The fewer the resources the woman had, such as occupational skills and educational attainment, the more she was likely to stay.

Three factors are associated with a woman remaining in an abusive relationship (Gelles, 1976):

The less frequent and severe the violence, the more likely she is to stay.

Women who experienced violence as children were more likely to stay.

The fewer the resources the woman had, such as occupational skills and educational attainment, the more she was likely to stay.

Reporting Domestic Violence Reporting and Helping Victims of Domestic Abuse

Family Violence in Same-Sex Relationships Partner abuse in same-sex relationships appears no less frequent than in heterosexual relationships. This calls into question the theoretical link between patriarchy and heterosexual wife abuse, proposed by some feminist sociological theories.

Partner abuse in same-sex relationships appears no less frequent than in heterosexual relationships.

This calls into question the theoretical link between patriarchy and heterosexual wife abuse, proposed by some feminist sociological theories.

Q 5. Who is most likely to leave this abusive relationship? A. Harriet, whose husband hit her for the first time in an argument over lottery winnings. B. Toni, who saw her father get angry and hit her mother just the way her husband does now. C. Elsie, a lawyer whose boyfriend broke her arm after she worked late with a male law clerk. D. Pattie, a single mom with a part-time job at Wendy’s, whose boyfriend sometimes hits her

A. Harriet, whose husband hit her for the first time in an argument over lottery winnings.

B. Toni, who saw her father get angry and hit her mother just the way her husband does now.

C. Elsie, a lawyer whose boyfriend broke her arm after she worked late with a male law clerk.

D. Pattie, a single mom with a part-time job at Wendy’s, whose boyfriend sometimes hits her

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