family diversity

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Information about family diversity

Published on March 16, 2009

Author: markwjburke



Slide 2: The diversity of family life All over the world processes of globalisation are making urban spaces more homogenised-it is in these spaces that the face of lives are becoming less diverse. However the reality is that within these spaces the nuclear family has acquired characteristics of complex and increasing diversity. Mr.Burke 08 Slide 3: RN Rapoport and R Rapoport note that only a minority of nuclear families resemble the nuclear family ideal. And argue that family life in the UK is characterised by diversity because people live in a range of family types Firstly Extended families with 3 generations living under the same roof or very close by can still be found in some white working class and ethnic-minority communities e.g. sikhs. Secondly Some modern nuclear families are ‘privatised’ and ‘relatively isolated’ from kin. Thirdly Some nuclear families are part of a modified extended family network in which they offer material and emotional support to each other Slide 4: Fourthly Single-person households are growing in number as increasing numbers of young women elect to live alone; sociologists call this ‘creative singlehood’ Fifthly Is fifthly even a real word???? Diversity can be seen in domestic arrangements in that most nuclear families in the UK are now ‘dual-career’ families although some retain the traditional division of labour, while others may have reversed it entirely as men become house-husbands Slide 5: It should be obvious to most people that the make up of Britain’s family structure is changing. In pre industrial Britain large nuclear families and extended families supported each other in a ‘dual role’ function However small families are now the norm A quarter of all children in Britain are the only child in their household A further 50% of all children live in a family with only one other child Larger families containing four or more children are now quite rare in most parts of the country, Although in 5% of voting wards more than a fifth of children live in such families Therefore looking at this from a functionalist perspective Slide 6: the family in modern industrial times is now isolated and nuclear. Today we will try mainly to focus on The case against the isolated nuclear family The Rapoport Study which details organisational diversity. Eversley and Bonnerjea who detail regional diversity. Peter Wilmott who sees 3 types of extended family. The growth of the Single Parent Family. Ethnic minority family diversity. Gay Couples. Slide 7: Open Pg 67 of your books. Look at the following table and discuss what it tells us about family diversity? The Case Against the Isolated Nuclear Family The extended family is in fact still as important as ever, in fact some argue more so. Only 29% of families in 2001 were classed as living in a nuclear unit, so therefore family diversity is obviously apparent. Slide 8: McGlone et al Family remains an important source of help and support Contacts still kept even though far apart Class differences still apparent – working classes are more likely to keep in touch than middle class Due to unemployment, poverty, caring for the elderly the working class Finch Golden age of family in pre-industrial times not necessarily true, (didn’t look after sick and elderly) Kin relationships remain just as special, people feel a greater sense of duty to their family more than anyone else Interdependence is just as important and reliance in kin is seen as last resort Women keep greater ties than men Each family is different, everyone has their own rules Slide 9: Rosser and Harris and Bell Studies of Swansea Lived in nuclear families but still maintained close contact with kin through telephone, letters and visits Bell found father/son ties were most important in providing help for young families in need of financial support The Modified Extended Family Various sociologists have described a new type of extended family. Litwak – a collation of nuclear families in a state of partial dependence Allan – modified elementary family – consists of an inner circle of wives, husbands, parents and children Willmott – most common family form. Made up of two or more related families who cooperate with each other even if they live some distance apart Slide 10: Rapoport, Rapoport and Fogarty Identified 5 types of family diversity in Britain:- ORGANISATIONAL DIVERSITY i.e. diversity in terms of family structure, household type, the division of labour in the home etc. CULTURAL DIVERSITY i.e. diversity in the family due to religious and ethnic influences.There is a link here to education and Cultural Capital CLASS DIVERSITY - there are differences between the middle and working classes in terms of adult relationships, the socialisation of children etc. Some believe that middle class parents are more likely to be child centred. LIFE - COURSE DIVERSITY – different stages in the family life cycle generate different patterns of structure, e.g. newly weds without children have a different structure and life style to those with dependent children. COHORT DIVERSITY – cohort refers to specific periods of time through which the family has passed which might have a direct effect on structure – e.g. unemployment in the 1980’s would have led to a smaller family structure. Slide 11: Read sections 5.1 and 5.2 Pg. 66, 67, 68. Any issues ? Then Working in groups of 3’s you will be allocated a particular family type to write a story about. The story will be about a young boy named Tarquin. We will follow Tarquins’s life as he moves from birth to death moving in and out of different family types. You will need to write an interesting story to explain how Tarquin is in the family position that you have been allocated. The stories along with a colourful picture will be placed on the wall in a timeline so make sure they are PRETTY. Slide 12: Eversley and Bonnerjea E.&B. believe that diversity typifies the modern family, pointing out six types of REGIONAL DIVERSITY, namely:- the “sunbelt” – i.e. affluent south typified by the upwardly mobile two parent family; The “Geriatric Wards” i.e. coastal areas populated by retired couples e.g. Brighton; The old declining industrial areas of the north typified by traditional extended family structures; The inner city – typified by single parent families and ethnic minority variations; The “newly declining industrial areas” of the Midlands, dominated by diverse structures; Rural areas – typified by extended families. Slide 13: Peter Wilmott Wilmott in a more recent study of North London argued that three types of EXTENDED FAMILY could be discerned, namely:- The Local Extended Family in fact 1 in 8 families still matched the old traditional extended pattern of relative living either with or near to children. The Dispersed Extended Family– one half of all families matched this pattern where wider kin might live over a hundred miles away yet close links are maintained through the car, phone, letters etc. In short, when help is needed the family is still there. It is interesting to note that Parsons would reject this as being a typed of extended family – he would still see the geographical distance as meaning it is isolated and nuclear. The Attenuated Extended Family – in which, for instance, single people might move away as students, but will, of course return to the family at regular intervals. Do you fit into any pattern so far- discuss and note down which and why? Slide 14: Pg 68 and 69- lets explore the single parent family. Short clip of shameless, where the lone mum is being ‘nicked’ by the police. DO you think the lone parent is Widowed (Death of a partner) on her own due to the ending of a marriage the ending of a co-habitation was the baby born to a never married, non co-habiting lone parent Slide 15: Hands up how many of you think it was the last choice? Does this effect your opinion of her? How does society treat lone parents? What support networks are apparent for her? Is she from a nuclear family? Is her family ideal-cereal packet ideology. Slide 16: We shall now spend some time exploring Types of lone parents and trends in lone parenthood Slide 17: Explaining the trends………………… Why has lone parenthood increased so rapidly over the last 35 years? Activity 23 to be completed

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