Faces of indian women

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Published on June 29, 2014

Author: sabyasachibhowmik3

Source: slideshare.net

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This presentation is about the different faces of indian Women. Their contributions to the country , their greatness etc.

Faces of Indian WomenFaces of Indian Women ““One of the most enduring cliches about India is that it is the country ofOne of the most enduring cliches about India is that it is the country of contradictions. Like all cliches, this one too has a grain of truth in it. At thecontradictions. Like all cliches, this one too has a grain of truth in it. At the heart of the contradiction stand Indian women: for it is true to say that theyheart of the contradiction stand Indian women: for it is true to say that they are among the most oppressed in the world, and it is equally true to say thatare among the most oppressed in the world, and it is equally true to say that they are among the most liberated, the most articulate and perhaps even thethey are among the most liberated, the most articulate and perhaps even the most free. Can these two realities be simultaneously true?”most free. Can these two realities be simultaneously true?” Urvashi ButaliaUrvashi Butalia

Outline of the presentationOutline of the presentation  Place of Women in Indian SocietyPlace of Women in Indian Society  Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times  EducationEducation  EmploymentEmployment  EmpowermentEmpowerment  Trivia: Famous Faces Indian WomenTrivia: Famous Faces Indian Women  IntrospectionIntrospection

Place of women in Indian society:Place of women in Indian society: A (cultural) historical perspectiveA (cultural) historical perspective  The Goddess (The Goddess (DeviDevi))  The motherThe mother  The sisterThe sister  The wifeThe wife  TheThe tawaiftawaif

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times EducationEducation  LiteracyLiteracy  Gender gaps:Gender gaps:  Differences across statesDifferences across states (Kerala has highest female(Kerala has highest female literacy; Rajasthan, Bihar andliteracy; Rajasthan, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have theUttar Pradesh have the lowest)lowest)  Differences between rural andDifferences between rural and urban areasurban areas  Parental preference for boysParental preference for boys going to schoolgoing to school  Higher dropout rate amongHigher dropout rate among girlsgirls FemaleFemale MaleMale 19711971 22%22% 46%46% 19911991 39%39% 64%64% 20032003 48%48% 70%70%

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times EducationEducation  Gender gaps in higher educationGender gaps in higher education  About 1 percent of total women population has collegeAbout 1 percent of total women population has college educationeducation  In engineering and business, the proportion of femaleIn engineering and business, the proportion of female students is much smallerstudents is much smaller  In education, nearly half of the students are menIn education, nearly half of the students are men

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times Barriers to Female EducationBarriers to Female Education  Poverty: one-fourth of India’s population livesPoverty: one-fourth of India’s population lives below the poverty line (2002)below the poverty line (2002)  Social values and parental preferencesSocial values and parental preferences  Inadequate school facilitiesInadequate school facilities  Shortage of female teachers: 29 percent at theShortage of female teachers: 29 percent at the primary level and 22 percent at the university levelprimary level and 22 percent at the university level (1993)(1993)  Gender bias in curriculumGender bias in curriculum

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times EmploymentEmployment  Difficult to get an overall picture of employment amongDifficult to get an overall picture of employment among women in Indiawomen in India  Most women work in the informal sectorMost women work in the informal sector  Women accounted for only 23 percent of the total workers inWomen accounted for only 23 percent of the total workers in the formal sector in 1991the formal sector in 1991  The number of female workers has increased faster than theThe number of female workers has increased faster than the number of male workersnumber of male workers  Female unemployment rates are similar to maleFemale unemployment rates are similar to male unemployment ratesunemployment rates

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times Barriers to Female EmploymentBarriers to Female Employment  Cultural RestrictionsCultural Restrictions  Hierarchical society (caste system)Hierarchical society (caste system)  PurdahPurdah system: the veiling and seclusion of womensystem: the veiling and seclusion of women  Discrimination at WorkplaceDiscrimination at Workplace  More prevalent in fields where male competition is highMore prevalent in fields where male competition is high  Less prevalent in fields where competition is lowLess prevalent in fields where competition is low  Lack of employment opportunitiesLack of employment opportunities

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times EmpowermentEmpowerment  Social EmpowermentSocial Empowerment  EducationEducation  There is no direct relationship between education andThere is no direct relationship between education and work force participation; but may affect their participationwork force participation; but may affect their participation in household decision makingin household decision making  Economic Independence:Economic Independence:  Economic independence does not imply significantEconomic independence does not imply significant improvement in social standingimprovement in social standing  Culture and tradition play an important roleCulture and tradition play an important role  A small fraction has opened up towards Western valuesA small fraction has opened up towards Western values

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times  Economic EmpowermentEconomic Empowerment  Property RightsProperty Rights  Matriarchal societyMatriarchal society  Economic Decision MakingEconomic Decision Making  In the householdIn the household  In businessesIn businesses

Indian Women in Modern TimesIndian Women in Modern Times  Political EmpowermentPolitical Empowerment  Representation in democratic institutionsRepresentation in democratic institutions  Government reservations policy for women: theGovernment reservations policy for women: the constitutional amendment of 1990sconstitutional amendment of 1990s

TRIVIATRIVIA Recognize Famous FacesRecognize Famous Faces

Famous FacesFamous Faces  Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi  Mother TeresaMother Teresa  Mira NairMira Nair  Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla  Gurinder ChadhaGurinder Chadha  Arundhati RoyArundhati Roy  Jhumpa LahiriJhumpa Lahiri  Aishwarya RaiAishwarya Rai  Sushmita SenSushmita Sen

IntrospectionIntrospection Faces of an Indian womanFaces of an Indian woman  WifeWife  MotherMother  SisterSister  Bread earnerBread earner  Compassionate member of the societyCompassionate member of the society

““The origin of a child is a mother, a woman. ….sheThe origin of a child is a mother, a woman. ….she shows a man what sharing , caring , and loving is allshows a man what sharing , caring , and loving is all about. That is the essence of a woman."about. That is the essence of a woman." Sushmita Sen, Miss Universe 1994Sushmita Sen, Miss Universe 1994

……but that is just a beginningbut that is just a beginning….…. Thank youThank you

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