Published on February 12, 2014
Fabric Upholstery Qualities : Weave, Contents & Finish for Interiors INTR –Admin Tex- ID Scanned
Prof. Hein Guide-FABRIC PROPERTIES introduced to be used in every assignment. CONSIDERATIONS FOR SELECTING TEXTILES A) Aesthetics: Elements of Design, Design principles B) Functional performance: Durability, Color Change C) Health & safety: attraction to Micro-organisms (mold), pests(moths, beetles…) Safety: Static Electricity, fire resistance D) Economic Considerations: Costing, Cost effectiveness (life cycle), Initial cost, Use life, final cost E) Unconscious Needs Of Users a- Environmental Considerations: (Ex: wool in damp cold, climate: cottons or silks in dry, arid or hot climates ) b- Sensory Perception (WARM (red-yellow) or COOL (green, blue-violet colors), c- Visual Perception, soft, clean, smooth
Poly Textured Yarn Hopsack
Poly plain weave
Trevira Poly Jacquard
Poly Crepe Weave
Light Weight Poly Crepe
Poly Texture Crepe
Expanded CONSIDERATIONS FOR SELECTING DURABLE TEXTILES B) Functional performance: Durability, Color Change B1) Durability Functional Performance major criteria for performance: Durability & maintenance is determined by: B2) Fabric Construction: fiber & yarn, yarn twist & staple length Ex. Plain weave (over, under, over, under, woven construction) Twill weave, diagonal slanted lines Ex. more expensive fabrics contain shorter staple silk & wool = less durable (ex. bonded backing for durability).
70%Cotton-30% Poly Cotton for softness, Poly for strength
Poly Boucle – Texture Yarn
75%Poly, 25%Cotton Poly-strength, Co- soft hand
Matelasse Brocade 1820’s vest
FABRIC QUALITIES Fabric Design Characteristics Such As: Texture, Pattern, Luster / Sheen, Fabric Qualities that do not cause: pilling & fuzzing, static electricity & hand (feel)
Zefron Finish Nylon for cleaning Twill Design for stretch & durability
Zefron Finished Nylon
MicroNylon- New Tech
90%Wool 10%Nylon Wool for warmth, softness nylon Warp for strength
3 BlendCo, Rayon, Poly
Woo, Poly, Nylon
COST CONSIDERATIONS FOR SELECTING TEXTILES 1- COST- Economic Considerations 2- COSTING / ACTUAL COST is determined by: Accurate cost, fabrication & installation price, ancillary (secondary) materials, maintenance 3- LIFE CYCLE COSTING is determined by Initial cost factors that include a)Yardage requirements (ex.bar stools/ dining chairs) b) Durability –Wyzenbeek rub test, vs. animal use c) cost per yd. ($60-150) more expensive fabric usually shorter staple length=less durable d) length of use life e) final cost factors: installation, construction
Poly, Co, Rayon
Acrylic, Poly, Cotton
4 Blend- Rayon, Si, Co, Poly
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