extension reforms

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Information about extension reforms

Published on January 15, 2009

Author: aSGuest10670

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (An organization of Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India) Rajendranagar, Hyderabad – 500 030, A.P., India WELCOME Slide 2: X Plan Scheme “Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms” Slide 3: The need for reforms in Agricultural Extension has been explicitly raised in the - National Agricultural Policy The report of Expenditure Reforms Commission The Tenth Plan Approach Paper Slide 4: The five major guiding elements of the Policy Framework Reforming public sector extension Promoting private sector Augmenting media & information technology Mainstreaming gender Capacity building Slide 5: World Bank funded National Agriculture Technology Project (NATP) - Pilot testing of the Reforms Funded by World Bank NATP has been pilot tested under innovations in Technology Dissemination (ITD) in seven states - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar Himachal Pradesh Jharkhand Maharashtra Orissa Punjab Slide 6: Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Lucknow reveal that the ATMA’s extension approaches have been proving to be very promising in execution of the reforms. Slide 7: New Schemes of Extension Division of the Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation Felt the need for - Radical overhaul of extension services Improvements in sophistication of technology dissemination methodologies Extension services to meet the special needs of farmers New Schemes : Support to state extension programs for extension reforms Mass Media Support to Agricultural Extension Agri-clinics / Agri-business centers Establishment of kisan call centers Slide 8: All the States will be covered Extension work plans will be prepared by States Funds will be provided to States / UTs for undertaking reforms Scheme Support to State Extension Programs for Extension Reforms Slide 9: Key reforms being promoted under this Scheme New institutional arrangements – Decentralized decision making Convergence of line departments – gap filling mode Multi agency extension strategies – encourage private sector (minimum 10% allocation) Broad-based extension delivery (FSA) Group approach to extension – FOs & FIGs Gender concerns-Minimum 30% allocation Sustainability of extension services – Minimum 10% beneficiary contribution Bottom-up planning Slide 10: Project Implementation Extension Work Plans to be prepared within the Frame Work of PFAE Cafeteria of reform oriented activities States shall propose new institutional arrangements similar to ATMA Slide 11: State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute (SAMETI) State Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute (SAMETI) - Will provide HRD support in innovative areas of extension delivery Slide 12: Selection of ‘SAMETI’ State level training institute either in the Department of Agriculture / line departments. State Agriculture Universities (SAUs) Slide 13: New institutional arrangement – Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) ATMA has the main responsibility of all the technology dissemination activities at the district level Governing board Management Committee Block Technology Team (BTT) Farmer Advisory Committee Commodity oriented Farmer Interest Groups To make technology generation / dissemination farmer-driven and farmer-accountable Contd.. Slide 14: Organizational Structure of Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Governing Board (GB) ATMA Management Committee (AMC) Farm Information & Advisory Centres (FIAC) Block Technology Farmers’ Advisory Team (BTT) Committee (FAC) Private NGO Para Input Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs) F U N D F L O W W O R K P L A N District Block Village Public Link Slide 15: Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) ATMA is a decentralized and demand driven extension mechanism operating on the comparative strength of different stakeholders Slide 16: Criteria in Selection of a District Districts covered under ITD-NATP and DASP-I will be included. Covering different agro-climatic zones in the State. Districts having significant economic activity in sectors allied to agriculture. Resource poor areas such as dry land districts identified for coverage under the NREG Act. Presence of research institutions / SAU / KVK. Marketing and agro-processing potential and availability of dedicated staff at the district level. Slide 17: ATMA to facilitate the preparation of Strategic Research & Extension Plan (SREP) Participatory Methodologies are used Involving all the stakeholders & farmers Analysis of - Existing farming systems Research – extension gaps Prioritizes the research – extension strategies Basis for development of work plans at block / district level Strategic Research & Extension Plan (SREP) Slide 18: Multi-agency extension strategies Farming Systems Approach Farmer centric extension services Convergence Mainstreaming gender concern Sustainability of extension services No Manpower Policy Parameters Governing the Cafeteria Slide 19: Support to IDWG Support to State Level Training Institute (SAMETI) Training to extension functionaries Exposure visits of extension functionaries State level Exhibitions etc. Third Party Monitoring & Evaluation Review Workshops (six monthly) Rewards and Incentives to best ATMA district CAFETERIA-STATE LEVEL ACTIVITIES Slide 20: Categories and cost ceilings, Farmer oriented activities - 45 % Farm Information dissemination - 20 % R-E-F Linkages - 15 % Administrative expenses/ - 20 % Capital Costs Funds from other three categories could be diverted to ‘Farmer Oriented Activities’ CAFETERIA-DISTRICT LEVEL ACTIVITIES Slide 21: SREP Development Promoting farmer groups (including revolving fund) Training of farmers Demonstrations Exposure visits of farmers Rewards and Incentives CAFETERIA-DISTRICT LEVEL ACTIVITIES FARMER ORIENTED ACTIVITIES Slide 22: District level exhibition, Kisan Melas etc. Use of local print media Use of IT CAFETERIA – DISTRICT LEVEL ACTIVITIES FARM INFORMATION DISSEMINATION Slide 23: Farmer Scientist Interaction – District level Field days and Kisan Goshties – Block level Refinement etc. of frontline technologies – KVKs / ZRSs CAFETERIA – DISTRICT LEVEL ACTIVITIES R-E-F LINKAGES Slide 24: Establishment of ATMA like institutions TA/DA Other operational expenses/workshops Hiring of vehicles Limited support for equipment and civil works Establishment of FIACs on pilot basis CAFETERIA – DISTRICT LEVEL ACTIVITIES ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT/CAPITAL COSTS Slide 25: Annual proposal of extension, activities and investments as per Scheme norms. Details other extension activities of the Centre / State. Gap filling mode. Consolidates District Plans etc. ( consistent with Article 243ZD) Encourages prioritization STATE EXTENSION WORK PLAN (SEWP) Slide 26: Central and State – 90 : 10 10% includes beneficiary / private sector contribution Total Rs 226.07 crore Distribution: 77.53% for Districts 10.25% for States 12.22% for innovative activities Prioritization is necessary Through State Level autonomous body. FUND FLOW MECHANISM Slide 27: 252 districts will be covered during the plan period 1/3rd of the districts from all the States, 50% of North-Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir shall be covered Duplication of funding for the same activities to be avoided Funds will be allocated to the states in proportion to the number of blocks being covered About Rs. 3.3 lakhs (90% central share plus 10% state share) would be available per block The Work Plan provides enough flexibility to the States to propose need-based allocations for different districts within the State. Coverage of Districts Slide 28: The resources for preparation of SREP and SEWP documents shall be released in the first year along with resources needed for capacity building and infrastructure support at district and State levels. Resources meant for infrastructure support shall be released keeping in mind the infrastructure available with the concerned institutions. Necessary flexibility will be observed in release of funds with a view to promote speedy implementation of the scheme. Phasing of Activities Slide 29: Two installments in a year Release of second installment would depend upon furnishing of UCs, release of corresponding State’s share against funds released earlier by the Center. The permissible carry over of unspent balance would be 25% of the annual allocation. Funds will be released to States preferably through an autonomous Institution identified by the States concerned, e.g., SAMETI Schedule of Release of Funds Slide 30: At District level - ATMA Governing Board, at periodic intervals. At State level - Inter Departmental Working Group (IDWG) functioning under Chairmanship of APC or Secretary (Agriculture) of the state. The monitoring mechanisms shall include quarterly reports, field inspections, workshops, etc. At Central level - DAC will organize concurrent Monitoring and Evaluation, including impact evaluation, as needed as part of its scheme “Extension Support to Central Institutions”. Monitoring & Evaluation of SEWPs Slide 31: KVK should be an active partner to operationalize the ATMA model. Ensure that research priorities of KVK are fully aligned with and sensitive to SREPs at the District level. Macro Management programmes and Centre/State sponsored schemes for agriculture and allied sectors should be integrated with the activities of ATMA. Important additional guidelines for implementation of the Scheme Slide 32: Base line surveys should be undertaken in each ATMA District against which the scheme impact should be evaluated at the end of X Plan. Baseline survey should be made an integral part of SREP process. States may consider associating Panchayat Raj Institutions at all levels of institutional framework under the Scheme. Secretary of Department of Panchayat Raj of the State Government should be included as a member of IDWG Slide 33: ATMA should propagate only economically viable and proven technologies since it aims to help resource poor families. ATMA should be part of an integrated extension system consisting of farm schools in the field of farmers, KVKs, agri-clinics and agri-business centres. The ultimate aim of ATMA should be to make small farmers credit worthy (without collateral). Slide 34: Thank You

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