Expanding Family and Medical Leave

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Information about Expanding Family and Medical Leave
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Published on August 3, 2009

Author: familyvaluesatwork

Source: authorstream.com

Family Values @ Work:Expanding Family and Medical Leave : Family Values @ Work:Expanding Family and Medical Leave Family Values @ Work: A Multi-State Consortium valuefamiliesatwork.org The Problem – Much Talk About: : The Problem – Much Talk About: Family Values Personal Responsibility Yet - Being a Good Family Member Can Cost You: : Yet - Being a Good Family Member Can Cost You: your job or career opportunity or health or well-being or security or peace of mind. Being a Dutiful Employee Can: : Being a Dutiful Employee Can: jeopardize a loved one add to health or learning problems of children make recovery more difficult for seriously ill or aging add to stress of caregivers. Clarifying the Problem: : Clarifying the Problem: Families have changed – workplace hasn’t kept pace. Some employers do a great job. But many policies are outdated, based on assumption that workers are men with wives at home. Family values too often end at the workplace door. Workplace policies are detached from child and family outcomes. What Everyone Needs : What Everyone Needs Occasional extended time for: a new child, a serious illness, a seriously ill family member. Policy: Family and Medical Leave Insurance Time each year for: routine illness (e.g., cold, flu,) school or medical appointments, the care of an ill family member. Policy: paid sick days, “small necessities” bills Facts: Pregnant Women in the U.S. : Facts: Pregnant Women in the U.S. More than 60% take less than 12 weeks. More than half receive no pay during leave. Background: 1940-1960s : Background: 1940-1960s Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) funds introduced in 5 states – Rhode Island, New Jersey, New York, California, Hawaii. Pregnancy was not included. NJ: lumped with injuries that were “willfully self-inflicted or incurred during the perpetration of a high misdemeanor.” Background: 1976 : Background: 1976 Supreme Court says pregnancy has nothing to do with sex – not covered by Title VII. Background: 1978 : Background: 1978 Congress passed Pregnancy Discrimination Act: Can’t fire women for being pregnant – but you don’t have to hold their jobs. Pregnancy like other temporary disabilities – but most women work for firms with no short-term disability plans. Mothers aren’t the only parent. Newborns aren’t the only ones needing care. TDI States Added Pregnancy : TDI States Added Pregnancy After the PDA, every TDI state added pregnancy and childbirth-related disability. All working women in these 5 states now receive paid maternity leave of 2-4 weeks pre-birth, 6-8 weeks post-birth, as recommended by the woman's doctor. Still a problem for workers in non-TDI states. Background: 1993 : Background: 1993 Congress passed FMLA: 12 weeks leave to care for for new child, seriously ill child, spouse or elderly parent, or personal illness. Includes job guarantee and health insurance. Broader than maternity – and includes men. Problems with FMLA : Problems with FMLA Guess Which Countries Lack Paid Maternity Leave? : Guess Which Countries Lack Paid Maternity Leave? Bangladesh Botswana Brazil Cameroon Canada India Iran Mexico Mongolia Netherlands Norway Swaziland Sweden U.S. Zambia How the US Stacks Up on Paid Maternity Leave: : How the US Stacks Up on Paid Maternity Leave: 100% Pay: Bangladesh Brazil Cameroon India Netherlands Norway Sweden Zambia Partial Pay Canada – 50 weeks, 55% Botswana – 12 weeks 25% Iran, 16 weeks, 66% Mongolia – 17 weeks, 70% No Pay Swaziland U.S. Impact on Parents – and Kids : Impact on Parents – and Kids Work can’t pay if it doesn’t last – and it can’t last if it jeopardizes kids. Leading causes of job turnover include the birth of a child and caring for a child with special needs [Waldfogel] High cost of starting over. Impact on Children on Lack of Affordable Leave : Impact on Children on Lack of Affordable Leave Lack of bonding time for infants during critical development. Higher infant mortality. Mothers less able to breast feed, leading to higher rates of illness and long term obesity. Less time for well baby visits and immunizations. Impact of Lack of Affordable Family, Medical Leave : Impact of Lack of Affordable Family, Medical Leave Without paid leave, serious illness lasts longer. Illness is less well managed. Harm to school performance. Harm to family's financial status. Affordable Leave is Good for Elders : Affordable Leave is Good for Elders Nearly two-thirds of workers will have responsibility for family care. Paid leave allows elders to be independent longer, recover more quickly, stay out of nursing homes. Reduces stress on sandwich generation. Paid time improves lives of paid caregivers, reduces turnover, lifts quality of care. Affordable Leave Is Good for Health : Affordable Leave Is Good for Health Family leave insurance will lower health care costs for everyone: businesses families government Solutions: Public Policies : Solutions: Public Policies Ensure affordable leave for men & women. Allow use for school and medical appointments. Allow use for dealing with aftermath of domestic violence, assault, stalking. Expand definition family – same-sex, sibs, grandparents, grandchildren, in-laws. Expand UI eligibility for loss of job due to family care. We Need Family Medical Leave Insurance (FLI) : We Need Family Medical Leave Insurance (FLI) Modest contributions by employees create an insurance pool. Workers can draw on that pool when they need leave for a new child, a serious personal illness or the care of a seriously ill family member. FLI is Good for Business : FLI is Good for Business Cost of replacement: 150% for salaried, $5500 even for $8/hr workers. Low-income mothers with paid leave have higher earnings and more likely to be employed. [Heather Boushey] Not a favor to women – a better way to do business: cuts turnover, presenteeism, improves quality and productivity. Family Values @ Work: A Multi-State Consortium : Family Values @ Work: A Multi-State Consortium Eight state coalitions: California, Georgia, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Washington and Wisconsin raise funds together. Shared funding allowed qualitative leap in collaboration, effectiveness, communications strategy. Consortium also includes Colorado, Illinois and Pennsylvania. We’re in touch with other states and with national allies such as National Partnership for Women and Families. Making Progress in the States : Making Progress in the States Winning forms of paid leave expanding TDI to include family leave: California won! New Jersey won! New York will win soon creating new form of social insurance: Washington won! Other states exploring Making Progress in the States : Making Progress in the States Making progress on guaranteeing protection: Expanding FMLA to domestic partners: California won, Maine won! FMLA for school activities: Georgia Wisconsin Making Progress in the States : Making Progress in the States Expanding UI for part-timers, family hardship Maine Georgia Wisconsin Exposing efforts to gut FMLA: Rapid Response Team Building Support for Federal Policy Change : Building Support for Federal Policy Change Funds to the states to set up family leave insurance funds. Paid leave for federal employees. Efforts to expand access to and uses for FMLA. Government as model employer. Increased Collaboration : Increased Collaboration Connecting the dots: Labor . Women . Seniors . Progressive employers . Family physicians . Faith-based . Disabilities groups . Chronic disease . Alzheimers Associations . AIDS groups . Mental health organizations . PTAs . Principals . School boards . Social workers . Cities/counties groups . Racial justice groups . Welfare rights/anti-poverty groups . Children’s groups . Foster children . Work-family researchers . Legal groups . Parents of adult disabled . Adoption groups . Immigrant advocates . Citizen Action . Human Rights groups . Non-profit associations . Insurers . Women’s business associations . AAUW . YWCA . Planned Parenthood . School nurses . Public health experts . . Reframing the Debate : Reframing the Debate New framing Family values means valuing families. Modernizing outdated systems and rules. Time to care. Don’t make us jeopardize jobs or family. Building an economy that works for all families. Opportunities : Opportunities . Increase effectiveness of collaboration among states: Identify and share research. Share materials. Share strategies Common templates. Common campaigns. Joint media campaign Collaboration of state legislators. Rapid Response team. Opportunities : Opportunities Policy advocacy at city, state, national level. Research. Public opinion research, communications strategies. Facilitate participation of partner groups in state and national coalitions. For more information, contact: valuefamilesatwork.org nationalpartnership.org

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