Evolving participatory groundwater management framework in alluvial flood plains of north bihar megh pyne abhiyan

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Published on February 25, 2014

Author: eklavyaprasad7

Source: slideshare.net

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The presentation is about Megh Pyne Abhiyan's effort in developing a sub-regional argument - the diversity within groundwater systems (availability, access, contamination) keeping in view differing character of floods, flood management system, trans-boundary aquifers and hydrogeology of north Bihar.

The joint partners of the initiative are - Gramyasheel, Supaul; Kosi Seva Sadan, Saharsa; Samta, Khagaria; Ghoghardiha Prakhand Swarajya Vikas Sangh, Madhubani; Water Action, Pashchim (West) Champaran

Participatory Groundwater Management (PGM) for Advancing Water-based Rural Livelihoods February 24-25, 2014 Planning Commission, New Delhi Evolving Participatory Groundwater Management (PGWM) Framework for Alluvial Flood Plains in North Bihar Eklavya Prasad Megh Pyne Abhiyan

Bihar and its scale...     Name is derived from the ancient word Vihara (monastery) Total population of 103.8 million with 1,102 persons per square kilometers (sq km) Total area is approximately 94.2 thousand sq km, split into two by the Ganges - northern region is of 53.3 sq. km and the southern region is spread in 40.9 thousand sq km Approximately 90 per cent of its population lives in rural areas

Contd...      Floods affect about 73 per cent of Bihar’s total area with almost 7 million hectares (ha) are at risk of flooding each year Approximately 16.5 per cent of the total flood affected area of India is located in Bihar It is estimated that 22.1 per cent of the flood affected population in India lives in the alluvial plains of Bihar Almost 0.8 million hectares (ha) of land (roughly 15 per cent of the region) in north Bihar remains permanently waterlogged North Bihar has an additional season in a calendar year identified by the misery, destruction, and fatality accompanying it  In 2013 5.9 million people in 20 districts of Bihar were affected. As per Government figure the death toll was around 176  In 2008, a total of 3.3 million people were affected  In 2007 the figure was at 25 million.....

Bihar's groundwater    As per the National Rural Drinking Water Program's (NRDWP) - 80 per cent of the sources developed under the scheme are based on groundwater tapped by handpumps or bore wells Out of a total of 107,642 habitations 34,909 habitations (32.4 per cent) has access to contaminated water According to Bihar's minor irrigation census (2006-07) dugwell (56112); shallow tubewell (571871) and deep tube well (23259) based MI schemes together comprise 98.17 per cent of the entire MI schemes in Bihar

Hydrogeology 0m Fine sand / silt 0.4 m Clay 0.8 m Dark coloured silt 1.2 m Sand Groundwater accumulation, movement and quality are governed by the sediments. The clay intercalations will also play a very important role. Source – ACWADAM, Pune

Groundwater dependence and its diverse set of vulnerabilities

Scarcity in excess...

Experiences from the ground – reducing risks through local alternatives

Contd...

Shifting paradigm towards participative  Developing a sub-regional argument - the diversity within groundwater systems (availability, access, contamination) keeping in view differing character of floods, flood management system, trans-boundary aquifers and hydrogeology

Locations Partner Organization IE & RF Gramyasheel, Supaul Kosi Seva Sadan, Saharsa OE & WL FF GF & WE Water Action, Pashchim Champaran * IE & RF – Inside embankment and Regular Floods ** OE & WL – Outside embankment and Waterlogged *** FF – Flash floods **** GF & WE – General floods and Without embankment √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ GWC √ √ AC √ √ Samta, Khagaria Ghoghardiha Prakhand Swarajya Vikas Sangh, Madhubani TBA √ √ √

Supal – Kishanpur block

Saharsa – Mahishi block

Khagaria – Mansi block

Madhubani – Phulparas block

Pashchim Champaran – Gaunaha block

Floods Quality Notional Abundance Jal Doots CBOs/CSOs/NGOs/ Institutions/Groups Researchers Anthropologists/ Sociologists PGWM Rural households State

Continuing with the exploration of arguments, processes, and technologies..... Meghpyneabhiyan.wordpress.com meghpyneabhiyan@gmail.com

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