Evergreen agriculture

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Information about Evergreen agriculture
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Published on February 12, 2014

Author: CGIAR

Source: slideshare.net

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Presentation by Dennis Garrity, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) at the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture (GFIA), February 4, 2014

EverGreen Agriculture as a Transformational Approach to Climate Change Resilience

The Faidherbia halo effect • Microclimate buffering • Soil fertility improvement

A parkland farmlands renaissance in Niger

Five million hectares of croplands now dominated by fertilizer trees in Niger

Faidherbia albida is commonly found in cereal crop systems in Ethiopia

EverGreen Agriculture with Faidherbia albida

Small-scale Conservation Farming with Faidherbia Zambia

Gliricidia: N-fixing fertilizer trees double maize yields in Malawi

Long-term maize yield without fertilizer in a Gliricidia P addition system resumed Flood P stopped Drought Drought

Impact of fertilizer trees on maize yield under farmer management _______________________________________ Plot management Yield (t/ha) Maize only 1.30 Maize + fertilizer trees 3.05 ____________________________________________________________ 2011 Survey of farms in six districts (Mzimba, Lilongwe, Mulanje, Salima, Thyolo and Machinga)

What is Evergreen Agriculture? A form of more intensive farming that integrates trees into crop and livestock production systems. EverGreen farming systems are ‘doublestory’ systems that feature both perennial and annual species (food crops and trees), maintaining a green cover on the land throughout the year.

Types of Evergreen Agriculture 1. Farmer-Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) on cropland 2. Conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) 3. Conventional agriculture interplanted with trees

Malawi National Agroforestry Food Security Programme

17 Countries are engaged in EverGreen Agriculture Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Conservation Agriculture with trees Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration + Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland

EverGreen Agriculture Partnership Private Sector Farmers and farmer groups International and regional research Steering Group Donors International and regional development Governments and Policy Civil Society Youth and Education

Conclusions – Way Forward • EverGreen Agriculture is a climate resilient agriculture that regenerates land health and enhances food security. • The approach has taken root in Africa and is spreading rapidly. • Millions of smallholders are adopting these very low cost and effective land regeneration methods. • Many nations are creating the policy and institutional mechanisms to foster adoption.

For More Information World Agroforestry Centre www.worldagroforestry.org Evergreen Agriculture web site www.evergreenagriculture.net Email contacts: d.garrity@cgiar.org

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