EU Green Plan

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Information about EU Green Plan
Education

Published on December 2, 2008

Author: RRI

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Learn how the EU manages the environment and climate change across national boundaries while supporting business and public health.

European Union (27 Nations) Population 491 million Growth Rate 0.12% Land Area 4,324,782 sq km Annual GDP $14.38 trillion The CIA World Factbook 2008

EU Sustainable Development Strategy (2006)

Objectives Environmental Protection Social Equity and Cohesion Economic Prosperity Meeting International Responsibilities

Environmental Protection

Social Equity and Cohesion

Economic Prosperity

Meeting International Responsibilities

Purpose

Principles Promotion and protection of fundamental rights Solidarity within and between generations Open and democratic society Involvement of Citizens Involvement of Businesses and Social Partners

Promotion and protection of fundamental rights

Solidarity within and between generations

Open and democratic society

Involvement of Citizens

Involvement of Businesses and Social Partners

Principles (continued) Policy coherence and governance Policy integration Use best available knowledge Precautionary principle Make polluters pay

Policy coherence and governance

Policy integration

Use best available knowledge

Precautionary principle

Make polluters pay

Comprehensive 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive 2. comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp.

Challenges Energy Security Air Quality Climate Change Coastal Erosion Waste Management

Energy Security

Air Quality

Climate Change

Coastal Erosion

Waste Management

Energy Consumption

Energy Consumption

Air Pollution Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with PM10 concentration exceeding daily limit value, EEA member countries, 1996-2005 (EEA)

Air Pollution Percentage of urban population resident in areas where pollutant concentrations are higher than selected limit/target values, EEA member countries, 1996-2005 (EEA)

Climate Change Observed and projected changed in the overall Kyoto gasses and all greenhouse gasses, expressed in CO2-equivalents (IPCC, 2007a, partly based on IPCC, 2001).

Coastal Erosion Source: Eurosion, 2004.

Waste Management Generation of packaging waste and GDP in the EU-15 (Eurostat, 2007)

Aging Population Source: Eurostat Projected Old-Age Dependency Ratio

Eurostat Develops and monitors sustainable development indicators for the European Union Based on 7 key priority areas

Develops and monitors sustainable development indicators for the European Union

Based on 7 key priority areas

Key Priority Areas

Climate Change and Clean Energy Objective: To limit climate change and its costs and negative effects to society and nature.

Objective: To limit climate change and its costs and negative effects to society and nature.

Climate Change and Clean Energy

Targets Kyoto Protocol RPS of 15% by 2015 Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive Achieve 9% overall saving of final energy consumption over 9 years until 2017

Kyoto Protocol

RPS of 15% by 2015

Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive

Achieve 9% overall saving of final energy consumption over 9 years until 2017

Total Greenhouse Gas Emission and Kyoto Protocol Target Source: European Environment Agency, Eurostat

Total EU-15 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Projections Source: European Environment Agency

EU-27 Share of Renewables in Gross Inland Energy Consumption (%) Note: Other renewables, including solar, do not appear in the figure as they represent less than 1% of the total. Source: Eurostat

Sustainable Transport Objective: To ensure that our transport systems meet society’s economic, social and environmental needs whilst minimizing their undesirable impacts on the economy, society and the environment.

Objective: To ensure that our transport systems meet society’s economic, social and environmental needs whilst minimizing their undesirable impacts on the economy, society and the environment.

Sustainable Transport

Targets Public passenger transport services framework by 2010 New car fleet should achieve CO 2 emissions of 140g/km by 2008/09 Cut road deaths in half by 2010 compared to 2000

Public passenger transport services framework by 2010

New car fleet should achieve CO 2 emissions of 140g/km by 2008/09

Cut road deaths in half by 2010 compared to 2000

Energy Consumption of Transport and GDP in 2005 by Country Source: Eurostat

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transport (million tonnes of CO 2 equivalent) Source: European Environment Agency, Eurostat

Average CO 2 Emissions from New Passenger Cars (grams of CO 2 per kilometer) Source: European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment

Road Accident Fatalities Source: European Commission, CARE (Community Database on Road Accidents)

Sustainable Consumption and Production Objective: To promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

Objective:

To promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

Sustainable Consumption and Production

Targets By 2010, achieve EU average level of Green Public Procurement equal to that current best performing Member State EU should increase global market share of environmental technologies and eco-innovations

By 2010, achieve EU average level of Green Public Procurement equal to that current best performing Member State

EU should increase global market share of environmental technologies and eco-innovations

EU-15 Resource Productivity Over Time (index 2000=100)

EU-25 Consumption Expenditure of Private Households by Category Source: Eurostat

Conservation and Management of Natural Resources Objective: To improve management and avoid overexploitation of natural resources, recognizing the value of ecosystem services.

Objective:

To improve management and avoid overexploitation of natural resources, recognizing the value of ecosystem services.

Conservation and Management of Natural Resources

Restore ecosystems by 2015 in line with Johannesburg Plan (2002) and the Maximum Yield in Fisheries by 2015 Contribute to a significant reduction in the worldwide rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 Contribute to the achievement of the United Nations global objectives on forests by 2015 Targets

Restore ecosystems by 2015 in line with Johannesburg Plan (2002) and the Maximum Yield in Fisheries by 2015

Contribute to a significant reduction in the worldwide rate of biodiversity loss by 2010

Contribute to the achievement of the United Nations global objectives on forests by 2015

Proportion of Fish Catches Taken from Stocks Outside of Safe Biological Limits (%) Source: European Commission, Directorate-General for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, ICES

EU-27 Forest Removals (million m 3 ) Source: Eurostat

Common Bird Index (Index 2000=100) Source: EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands

Public Health Objective: To promote good public health on equal conditions and improve protection against health issues.

Objective:

To promote good public health on equal conditions and improve protection against health issues.

Public Health

Targets Improve food and feed legislation Tackle suicide risks By 2020, chemicals (including pesticides) should be produced, handled, and used in ways that do not pose significant threats to human health and the environment.

Improve food and feed legislation

Tackle suicide risks

By 2020, chemicals (including pesticides) should be produced, handled, and used in ways that do not pose significant threats to human health and the environment.

EU-15 Healthy Life-Years and Life Expectancy

Standardized Death Rate Due to Chronic Disease (per 100,000 people) Source: Eurostat

Standardized Suicide Death Rate by Country (per 100,000 people) Source: Eurostat

Production of Toxics

Social Inclusion Objective: To create a socially inclusive society by taking into account solidarity between and within generations and to secure and increase the quality of life of citizens as a precondition for lasting individual well-being.

Objective:

To create a socially inclusive society by taking into account solidarity between and within generations and to secure and increase the quality of life of citizens as a precondition for lasting individual well-being.

Social Inclusion

Targets Reduce people at risk of poverty by 2010 Develop an EU migration policy By 2007, young people who leave school should be offered employment within six months or by no more than four months in 2010

Reduce people at risk of poverty by 2010

Develop an EU migration policy

By 2007, young people who leave school should be offered employment within six months or by no more than four months in 2010

EU-25 at-risk-of-poverty rate (a) by gender and (b) by age (%) Source: Eurostat

Early School-Leavers (%) Source: Eurostat

Global Poverty and Sustainable Development Objective: To actively promote sustainable development worldwide and ensure that the European Union’s internal and external policies are consistent with global sustainable development and its international commitments.

Objective:

To actively promote sustainable development worldwide and ensure that the European Union’s internal and external policies are consistent with global sustainable development and its international commitments.

Global Poverty and Sustainable Development

Global Poverty and Sustainable Development

Targets International commitments including the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development, and the Doha Development Agenda Raise the volume of aid from Member States to 0.56% of GNI by 2010 and 0.7% by 2015

International commitments including the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development, and the Doha Development Agenda

Raise the volume of aid from Member States to 0.56% of GNI by 2010 and 0.7% by 2015

Net Migration Source: Eurostat

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (%) Source: Eurostat

EU-25 age-related Public Spending (% of GDP) Source: Economic Policy Committee, indicator subgroup (ISG) and working group of aging populations (AWG)

EU-15 Official Development Assistance (% of gross national income) Source: OECD

Official Development Assistance Source: OECD

EU-27 Imports from Developing Countries by Income Group (billion euro) Source: Eurostat

Systemic of or pertaining to a system. Physiology, Pathology. (a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system.

of or pertaining to a system.

Physiology, Pathology.

(a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system.

Policy Instruments European Union Green Plan Implementation Member State Communication Environmental Legislation Research and Development Financing and Economic Instruments International Agreements Education and Training

Better Regulation Promoting the design and application of better regulation tools at the EU level , notably simplification, reduction of administrative burdens and impact assessment. Working more closely with Member States to ensure that better regulation principles are applied consistently throughout the EU by all regulators. Reinforcing the constructive dialogue between stakeholders and all regulators at the EU and national levels.

Promoting the design and application of better regulation tools at the EU level , notably simplification, reduction of administrative burdens and impact assessment.

Working more closely with Member States to ensure that better regulation principles are applied consistently throughout the EU by all regulators.

Reinforcing the constructive dialogue between stakeholders and all regulators at the EU and national levels.

Today’s Europe moves quickly. To face up to the challenges we face inside and outside Europe, policies, laws, and regulations need to adapt to the fast pace of technological change, to foster innovation, to protect the welfare and safety of Europeans.

 

Lisbon Strategy The Lisbon Strategy, adopted by the European Council in 2000, works within the EU SDS framework. The focus of this strategy is to increase competitiveness, economic growth, and job creation.

The Lisbon Strategy, adopted by the European Council in 2000, works within the EU SDS framework.

The focus of this strategy is to increase competitiveness, economic growth, and job creation.

Lisbon Strategy The purpose of the Lisbon Strategy is to make the EU “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment by 2010.”

The purpose of the Lisbon Strategy is to make the EU “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment by 2010.”

Environmental Technology Action Plan (2004) Getting from Research to Markets Increase and Focus Research, Demonstration and Dissemination Technology Platforms Environmental Technology Verification Improving Markets Conditions Performance Targets Mobilisation of Financing (grants and loans) Market Instruments Green Public Procurement Awareness Raising and Training Acting Globally Supporting Eco-technologies in Developing Countries, and Promoting Foreign Investment

Getting from Research to Markets

Increase and Focus Research, Demonstration and Dissemination

Technology Platforms

Environmental Technology Verification

Improving Markets Conditions

Performance Targets

Mobilisation of Financing (grants and loans)

Market Instruments

Green Public Procurement

Awareness Raising and Training

Acting Globally

Supporting Eco-technologies in Developing Countries, and Promoting Foreign Investment

Impact Assessment (IA) All major policy decisions made by EU institutions must undergo an IA, assessing the social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainable development.

All major policy decisions made by EU institutions must undergo an IA, assessing the social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainable development.

Aalborg Commitments Increased participatory democracy Effective management cycles Equitable access to natural common goods The prudent and efficient use of resources Urban planning and design Sustainable mobility choices Health and wellbeing of citizens Vibrant local economy Inclusive and supportive communities Global responsibility for peace, justice, equity, sustainable development and climate protection

Increased participatory democracy

Effective management cycles

Equitable access to natural common goods

The prudent and efficient use of resources

Urban planning and design

Sustainable mobility choices

Health and wellbeing of citizens

Vibrant local economy

Inclusive and supportive communities

Global responsibility for peace, justice, equity, sustainable development and climate protection

Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign Launched in 1994 Campaign partners provide guidance, project ideas and tools . Regional and local sustainable development initiatives are awarded on an annual basis.

Launched in 1994

Campaign partners provide guidance, project ideas and tools .

Regional and local sustainable development initiatives are awarded on an annual basis.

Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign The Campaign is now encouraging cities and towns to sign the Aalborg Commitments As of 2008, over 2,500 localities had signed the Commitments

The Campaign is now encouraging cities and towns to sign the Aalborg Commitments

As of 2008, over 2,500 localities had signed the Commitments

Environment Action Program The 6 th Environment Action Program ( 6EAP ) was adopted in 2002. Program horizon is 2012.

The 6 th Environment Action Program ( 6EAP ) was adopted in 2002.

Program horizon is 2012.

Purpose of the 6EAP The Environment Action Program “ indicates priorities for the environmental dimension of the Sustainable Development Strategy and should be taken into account when bringing forward actions under the Strategy.”

The Environment Action Program “ indicates priorities for the environmental dimension of the Sustainable Development Strategy and should be taken into account when bringing forward actions under the Strategy.”

Stavros Dima Commissioner for the Environment 6 th EAP Mid Term Review “… global emissions of greenhouse gases are rising, the loss of biodiversity is not yet under control, pollution is still harming public health and volumes of waste are increasing in Europe. The Commission is committed to fully implement the current Environment Action Programme in order to make significant progress towards tackling these issues .“

“… global emissions of greenhouse gases are rising, the loss of biodiversity is not yet under control, pollution is still harming public health and volumes of waste are increasing in Europe. The Commission is committed to fully implement the current Environment Action Programme in order to make significant progress towards tackling these issues .“

Vision of the 6EAP A high level of quality of life and social well-being for citizens [and] an environment where the level of pollution does not give rise to harmful effects either on human health or on the environment. ( Objectives of DG Environment )

A high level of quality of life and social well-being for citizens [and] an environment where the level of pollution does not give rise to harmful effects either on human health or on the environment. ( Objectives of DG Environment )

Principles of the 6EAP Subsidiarity Decoupling between economic growth and environmental pressures Polluter pays Precautionary principle Rectification of pollution at source

Subsidiarity

Decoupling between economic growth and environmental pressures

Polluter pays

Precautionary principle

Rectification of pollution at source

Eco-Label “ EU flower” is awarded to non-food productions of high quality, showing compliance with specific criteria, after verification from an independent third party.

“ EU flower” is awarded to non-food productions of high quality, showing compliance with specific criteria, after verification from an independent third party.

Integrative 1. to bring together or incorporate (parts) into a whole. 2. to make up, combine, or complete to produce a whole or a larger unit, as parts do. 3. to unite or combine.

Private Sector Environmental Compliance Assistance Programme (ECAP) helps businesses comply with environmental regulations LIFE+ program provides funding for projects that support ECAP

Environmental Compliance Assistance Programme (ECAP) helps businesses comply with environmental regulations

LIFE+ program provides funding for projects that support ECAP

Private Sector European Alliance for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Supports awareness and knowledge of corporate social and environmental responsibility and accountability should be increased.

European Alliance for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

Supports awareness and knowledge of corporate social and environmental responsibility and accountability should be increased.

Eco-Management and Audit Scheme Voluntary environmental management system implemented by companies from all sectors of economic activity to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

Voluntary environmental management system implemented by companies from all sectors of economic activity to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

Accountable 1. subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify something; responsible; answerable. 2. capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.

Progress Report The European Commission will submit a progress report every two years. The report is to include future priorities, orientations and actions. At the latest by 2011, the Council will decide when a comprehensive review is necessary.

The European Commission will submit a progress report every two years.

The report is to include future priorities, orientations and actions.

At the latest by 2011, the Council will decide when a comprehensive review is necessary.

Peer Reviews On a voluntary basis, officials and stakeholders from other Member States will review national sustainable development strategies.

On a voluntary basis, officials and stakeholders from other Member States will review national sustainable development strategies.

Public Survey (2006) Public internet survey was included in the 2006 mid-year review.

Public internet survey was included in the 2006 mid-year review.

Public Survey (2006) 35.7% of those surveyed stated that they were “well informed” on EU environmental policy.

35.7% of those surveyed stated that they were “well informed” on EU environmental policy.

Public Survey (2006)

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