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EU eurosceptic view

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Information about EU eurosceptic view
Education

Published on January 22, 2008

Author: Susett

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  The European Union: A EUROREALIST VIEW <Your Name> Why should we care about the EU?:  Why should we care about the EU? Over 50% of our laws originate in Brussels. Membership of the EU is costing the UK at least £40bn (net) p.a. Only 55% of EU citizens support membership of the EU. It is so politically sensitive none of the major political parties want to talk about it. The EU today: 25 members, 450m citizens -Romania and Bulgaria to join in January 2007 :  The EU today: 25 members, 450m citizens -Romania and Bulgaria to join in January 2007 What is the EU?:  What is the EU? The EU was founded in 1957 under the Treaty of Rome by France, Germany, Italy and the Benelux nations. The aims: Prevention of future war. Creating ‘an ever closer union between the peoples of Europe’. Encouraging economic co-operation and development. ? EU deepening and enlargement:  EU deepening and enlargement The EU has expanded from 6 to 25 members and will have 27 in Jan 07. EU ‘competencies’ now include many areas of policy traditionally reserved to nation states, e.g. Single currency The ‘Social Charter’ Border control Why we should be concerned:  Why we should be concerned The EU is undemocratic. The EU threatens national sovereignty. The EU is corrupt and unaccountable. The EU is crippling the UK economy and business with red-tape and protectionism. The EU is keeping the developing world in poverty. 1. The EU is undemocratic:  1. The EU is undemocratic European Commission Unelected bureaucracy, but holds a monopoly on proposing new law. European Parliament Traffics legislation at break-neck speed and can only accept, reject or propose Amendments to legislation. Council of the EU Meets in secret to accept/reject Amendments, largely by QMV. 2. The EU threatens sovereignty:  2. The EU threatens sovereignty The EU has imposed more laws on us than parliament has in 700 years: c.20,000 laws c.105,000 pieces of legislation. QMV means the UK can vote against a proposal, yet still have to enact it. EU law now trumps UK law. The EU Constitution:  The EU Constitution Is supposed combine existing Treaties to make clear what the responsibilities of the EU are. But is actually a further step to eroding sovereignty: The EU would derive its powers from its own constitution, not its Member States. QMV would become the norm of EU decision-making. No limits are set on the EU’s powers and new ‘competencies’ are included e.g. CFSP. Isn’t the Constitution dead?:  Isn’t the Constitution dead? France and the Netherlands both rejected the Constitution in referendums in June 05. The response of the Constitution’s author : “Let’s be clear about this. The rejection of the Constitution was a mistake that will have to be corrected.” - Valery Giscard d’Estaing Talk of the Constitution is now being resurrected: “….we want to do our part to reach an agreement that we need such a Constitution.” - Angela Merkel 3.The EU is corrupt and accountable to no-one:  3.The EU is corrupt and accountable to no-one Limited lines of accountability run to EU citizens. The EU’s own auditors have refused to sign off EU accounts for the last twelve years! EU accounts show no link between the billions poured in and where the money actually goes. EU commissioners and civil servants have immunity from prosecution for life within the EU. 4.Crippling the economy:  4.Crippling the economy EU membership is costing the UK economy at least £40 billion (net) p.a. inc: £20bn on meeting EU regulations £15bn on CAP £5bn in direct payment to the EU An extra £6bn in VAT fraud The UK’s defence spending is £27bn p.a. ! Slide13:  Without the costs of EU membership and regulations, Britain could be £125bn richer by 2013. The Euro:  The Euro “[Scrapping the pound]…is fundamentally a political rather than economic issue. It would involve ceding control over important aspects of public policy.” - Sir Edward George The Euro was launched in 1999. Notes and coins were introduced in 2002, covering 12 Member States. But the ‘one size fits all’ interest rate in the Eurozone is fitting no-one and several Eurozone countries are now running large deficits. The UK is growing faster than the Eurozone. Why risk entry? Crippling business:  Crippling business “EU legislation costs European business £405bn a year. There is a view that the more regulations you have, the more rules you have, the more Europe you have.” -Gunter Verheugen In a poll of 1000 chief executives, 54% said the costs of the extra regulation outweighed the benefits of the Single Market. By a margin of 60% to 30%, these businesses would support moves to radically reduce the powers of the EU back to a basic free trade area. Protectionism:  Protectionism The EU restricts free trade by imposing tariffs (a tax) on imports to the EU. It also subsidises EU producers e.g. through CAP. Certain EU members, notably France and Spain, openly flout the ‘four economic freedoms’. This is all against the principle of the Single Market the EU nominally aims to achieve. Protectionism: the cost to the UK:  Protectionism: the cost to the UK CAP alone still costs each family of four in the UK c.£20 p.w. , half through taxes and half through higher food costs: 5p on a pint of milk 40p on a bag of sugar 3p on a loaf of bread This hits the poorest in the UK the hardest. 5. The EU is keeping the developing world poor:  5. The EU is keeping the developing world poor Exports from developing countries are effectively blocked off by EU tariffs and subsidies. Excess agricultural produce in the EU is often dumped in Africa. c.6,000 people die every day in the developing world because of the trading rules of the EU. 5.0 2.9 1.6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Poor countries - under £5000 Medium income - £5000 - 15000 High income - over £15000 GDP per capita applied tariff rate % Enlargement:  Enlargement On 1 May 04, 10 new countries joined the EU. Romania and Bulgaria will be joining in Jan 07. The structure of the EU was built for 6, not 27, Member States. There has been little reform. Average GDP per head in the 10 new Member States was just 52.9% of the EU-15. The ‘Copenhagen Criteria’ has been too loosely applied and has not been met by Romania and Bulgaria. Turkey is even further off. Immigration:  Immigration Enlargement has produced huge migration: 447,000 people have migrated to the UK since 1 May 04 from Eastern Europe. 54% came from Poland. Migrants are more economically active than the domestic workforce and have put c.£240m into the UK economy. But social cohesion is a huge problem. Better off out?:  Better off out? Is the EU beyond reform or is the tide now turning towards the ‘Anglo-Saxon model’?

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