ETSIseminar 160903 FICORA

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News-Reports

Published on September 7, 2007

Author: Spidermann

Source: authorstream.com

Benefits from standardization for the public Pentti Lindfors:  Benefits from standardization for the public Pentti Lindfors Background of the author Emergence of standards Standards and industry standards What is the right time for standardization Great successes Clear failures Still pending The benefits Evidence from history Harmonization of frequencies is also standardization Background of the author:  Background of the author Worked with radioandamp;EMC testing and development of methods of measurement in the seventies in the national radio type approval laboratory Involved with standardisation of cable TV (national committee, Nordic groups), NMT (Nordic Group), GSM (early phases during CEPT work) and since founding of ETSI first in TC-RES and later in TC-ERM and in their subgroups Responsible for coordination of radio standardisation activities of FICORA/Radio Administration Responsible for Randamp;TTE directive and other conformity assessment issues in FICORA/Radio Administration Head of Delegation in TCAM Assisting market surveillance activities of FICORA field organisation as an expert on technical requirements Emergence of first standards:  Emergence of first standards In the rural society everybody was a manufacturer but there was also a class of specialised craftsmen; manufacturing was manual Standardisation started to develop with industrial revolution but standards were typically only national Standards were needed for various mechanical interfaces like: Screw thread Railway gauge Electrical plugs Building materials Modern telecoms standards are mainly on abstract things Standards and industry standards:  Standards and industry standards Recognised standardisation organisations produce documents normally called standards There are also other organisations (industry groupings, Forums), although not formally recognised as standardisation bodies, also producing standards (EBU, RTCA, IEEE, EUROCAE) In the past (before ETSI time) the CEPT also drafted regulative documents which resembled standards De facto standards: a solution of one manufacturer gets a dominant position on the market: PC, C cassette, VHS cassette, Windows What is the right time for standardisation?:  What is the right time for standardisation? Too early or too detailed standardisation may inhibit development, or just be forgotten when development takes another route (who still remembers DSRR?) At early phases of development of a new technology there may not be enough experience to fix the best solutions by standards. When those are found you should move quickly before the market gets fragmented by competing incompatible technologies One of those may finally win and become a successful industry standard but the confusion on the market may take several years and may destroy a good market opportunity and become expensive for the consumer Great successes:  Great successes GSM (some ingredients for that: global roaming, SMS, SIM card, open standard) IEEE 802.11b RLAN (harmonized frequency, simple) DECT (harmonized frequency finally allowed wide market but still only modest success) The concept of harmonized standards in the New Approach (simplifies procedures for placing on the market =andgt; more choice to the consumer, compared to earlier national market). A model to be exported to other continents. Clear failures:  Clear failures ERMES (too late; however simple POCSAG was still a moderate success) DSRR (became too complex; simple PMR446 became a real hit product) TFTS (niche market; wrong focus to only continental skies while there clearly was a global market to cover also ocean areas; should have been originally planned as supplementary to GSM service; in this case satellite systems may prove to be successful) MAC TV standard (a complicated and only a partial remedy to technical deficits of analogue systems; came too early and offered too little to justify a system change) Still pending:  Still pending DVB-T (different standards for satellite, cable and terrestrial; not enough new and interesting contents; consumers are confused due to hype on interactive services and technical complexity) 3G (the IMT-2000 system family still means several incompatible technologies; as regards Europe the generation change is perhaps pushed a bit too early and we are out-of-phase from a necessary generation change in US and in Japan; in Europe the full potential of GSM technology has not even been introduced yet; 4G supporters doubtful) T-DAB (works well technically but broadcasters keep quiet and the public does not even know it exists) The benefits:  The benefits Standardization enables global mass market and therefore large-scale manufacturing, reducing prices It is likely that there will be more competition when the market is big enough, also reducing prices Standardized equipment interfaces facilitate interworking of products from different vendors which improves usefulness of equipment (42 mm camera lense gauge is one good, but now already historical example, GAP was that for DECT) There is less risk that you will be bound to a single system supplier Evidence from history:  Evidence from history One of the driving principles of project NMT was to make it an open standard The Nordic PTTs wanted to have a multivendor availability of all the system components and therefore manufacturers were welcomed to give their expertise already in early phases of drafting the specifications International roaming was another basic design goal There was a system of mutual recognition of test results of tests performed according to the common type approval specifications for both the base stations and terminals NMT was a big success and experience from it greatly influenced GSM standardization Harmonisation of frequencies is also a form of standardization:  Harmonisation of frequencies is also a form of standardization In fact it forms the basis for success on the market of all radio system standards The split of the world in three Regions is one, although not the only reason, for different broadcasting and cellular network technologies in these Regions For the consumer further harmonization of radio frequencies does not only increase choice of different radio products on his/her home market but also allows the use of these devices when traveling abroad or moving to other countries

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